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The government and judicial attitudes towards blacks and other minority group was altered to incorporate the rights of the subjects. Civil rights did not just begin in 1950s,it began when Africans were initially brought to America as slaves. The blacks were the pioneers of the civil rights when fought tirelessly for their enslavement and demanded for their fundamental citizenship rights that was bluntly. This article examines the role and achievements of the civil rights movement. Leaders of the civil rights movement used various strategies to communicate their complaints. Generally, success of the Civil rights Movements were attributed to well coordination of three prong strategy which included civil disobedience, well-articulated grass root organizations and the mass boycotts and economic withdrawal. Some of the strategies used prior to 1955 were litigation and lobbying through the National Association for the Advancement of Colored people between 1896 and 1954. There were powerful combination of gradualism in legal issues and advocacy of far reaching change that was adopted by the initiators of the Brown strategy (Ollhoff, 2011). However, NAACP later employed tactic of directly challenging the constitutionality of “separate but equal”education.
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This courageous act of civil disobedience incited the masses, both black and white persons, in protesting racial inequalities during the 1950’s and 1960’s. The mass nationwide protests culminated in a major change in racial relations in the country in addition to changes in laws designed to protect the rights of minorities most significantly the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
However, I was not the only one to be the target of their hatred; on the contrary, the African Americans and South Asians are also looked upon with unabated abhorrence, suspicion and displeasure by an overwhelming majority of the WASP and narrow-minded extremist Arabians.
In the speech given on August 28, 1963 known as “I Have a Dream,” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. inspired the minds of millions to believe in the moral progress of society and the process of social justice primarily as means through which African-Americans could enter into full equality in the country.
There were massive campaigns of civil resistance from the black population in America. At some point in the 1950s and 1960s, nonviolent protests and open acts of civil disobedience initiated disagreements between activists in the civil movement and the American government.
On the other hand, the Fifteenth Amendment granted African American men the right to cast their vote. In spite of having acknowledged equal rights with respect to the United States Constitution, a lot more white people persisted to show prejudice against African Americans across the United States (McDowell 20-40).
They were treated as second class citizens. They could not raise voice for their right as mostly they were kept ignorant and even if they raised a voice, the action would be taken against them. This ensued a social unrest situation. The government reacted on their behalf and created a Congress for Racial Equality in 1942.
Fourteenth Amendment made all Americans equal before the law, yet for the next century Jim Crow laws still prevailed. The government was not ready to enforce these laws. The American white society was not ready to accept the new order. Court battles waged by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had proved to be ineffective.
White Americans joined Blacks in the civil rights struggle; southerners as well as northerners disturbed and troubled, Midwesterners and westerners took part, women along with men dissented. Elderly and young Americans were dynamic in the struggle as well; though, middle school to college students came to the struggle much later than the majority.
In dissimilarity to political rights, which is only exercised through conditioned eligibility as a registered voter or candidates, civil liberty is enjoyed universally. Currently, (Baker, Thomas, 2006),
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