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Civil Rights - Essay Example

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Civil Rights Name Institution Since the times of ancient philosophers and right activists like Martin Luther King Jr., the issue of civil rights still exists in the vocabularies of scholars, researchers, policy makers, and government. Contrary to what these activists believed, decades have past and the issue is still a controversy, with no hope for the better…
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Civil Rights Essay
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Civil Rights

Download file to see previous pages... Another scholar, Ownby (2002) argues that civil rights are those rights that everyone in a society should recognize and respect, for they belong to all. The appeals of the law uphold them but are not subject to arbitrary denial by either people or the country. People defend these rights due to their common good as they protect individuals from the state and usually subject them to clear limits. Most of the civil movements took place in 1954 to 1968. Their goals included putting an end to series of laws that forced people of African American decency into segregation from whites. They attacked these laws as well as the white man’s premises. For example in 1968, a group of sanitation workers marched in the streets if Memphis protesting against human evil and laws that legalized segregation and dehumanization that had justified slavery. The sociological explanation that takes form to discuss civil rights is that, even though the idea of rights embodied for citizens legally was barely new, it received a new meaning in the 20th century after slaves gained freedom. However, before then, civil rights movement figures used to embrace the fight for equal rights as non-violent protest. Later, it came to their attention that the fight would be lost unless agitate measures taken. Martin Luther King Jr, born in 1929, was a civil rights activist who influenced millions of people with his espousal of non-violent protests in bid to fight against segregation and racial discrimination. In the course of civil rights movements, people used social terminologies to describe their reasons for the unrests (Newman, 2004). To begin with, in 1955, the whites expressed massive resistance that frustrated the blacks and eventually blacks made gradual approaches to implement desegregation by federal and state government. The large number of whites in United States did not view African Americans as their equals but as slaves. There was nationwide racial discrimination, violence directed towards blacks, and economic opportunities marginalized in southern states. People came to know these southern states as “Jim Crow”. It applies in sense that whenever people here of the term “Jim Crow”, what rings in their minds is the feel of human evil done upon blacks living in that region. Due to disputes and lobbying attempts of massive resistance by whites, acts of civil disobedience gave rise to direct action. The blacks adopted a leadership with non-violent resistance that they called civil disobedience. The acts led to crisis between those involved and government authorities, as authorities had to act with immediate effect to end crises although sometimes in favor of protestors (K’Meyer, 2009). Other civil rights movements that took the form of civil disobedience used boycotts. The Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama is an example of practiced and fully successful act. This movement’s aim was to end segregation and racial discrimination against the blacks. In search for better standards of living, blacks organized probably the best industrious march of all times. They marched in Washington in quest for employment and freedom where King Jr. delivered his speech (Ownby, 2002). The demonstration is memorable because of his glorious speech that he gave. The activity brought together leaders from different political backgrounds and people of diverse origins but their ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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