We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Many have come to know Alexander Wendt because of his constructivist theory.In this theory,he postulates that anarchy is a socially constructed fact and it is scholars and politicians who decide how to work in that political environment…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations

Download file to see previous pages... Initially, Wendt believed on Marxism, as a way of understanding international politics and capital, but later turned to constructivist theory. According to Wendt (1999, 110), in the Agent-Structure theory of international relations, states in international relations act: out of the need to make own free choices and independently; and out of consistent patterned structures which fundamentally shape state choices and opportunities. This discussion therefore seeks to discuss Wendt’s theory and is therefore divided into four sections as shown below: Wendt’s central argument How Wendt’s argument differs from neo-realism and world-systems theory Whether Wendt’s ‘solution’ to the agent-structure problem is the only one available or not Whether Wendt’s ‘solution’ compelling or not Alexander E. Wendt (b. 1958, Mainz, W. Germany) is a political scientist and a core constructivist scholar in the field of international relations. Together with scholars such as Peter Katzenstein, Michael Barnett and Martha Finnemore, Wendt established constructivism as a school of thought. Wendt has taught Yale University (1989-1997), Dartmouth College (1997-1999), University of Chicago (1999-2004) and Ohio State University, where he currently serves as the Ralph D. Mershon Professor of International Security. Wendt wrote the Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations in 1987. ...
state interests and identities and that because of this, many scholars fail to consider how first and second factors affect state interests and identity. Wendt also points out the failure of neoliberalism as being steeped in the fact that it seeks to explain interstate cooperation by only focusing on the process, while leaving out systematic variables. Constructivism fails to address how state identities are formed in practice (Clarke, 2003, 122). Nevertheless, Wendt ties the constructivist approach to the concept of self-help. This is because, international institutions (as self-help agents) may change identities and interests of states. The concept of self-help as is viewed by realists and himself emanates from the interaction of the units in a system in lieu of anarchy. This stands diametrically opposed to structural and deterministic documents which realists advance, and in which anarchy exists as the principal explanatory variable which drives interactions. Wendt also posits that states interact with one another, and depending on the results of the interaction, these states can come to be characaterised by self-help. Whatever is accrued depends on the process and not the structure (Fay, 1996, 75 and Fuller, 1998, 98-112). Klotz, Lynch and Dunn (2006, 355 – 381) observe that according to Wendt, unlike norms-based constructivism, neorealism and neoliberalism cannot give an adequate account for changes which take place in international systems. For instance, neorealism and neoliberalism cannot account for the manner in which states behave at their pristine periods, before they acquire any priors. Koran (2007, 324 – 326) and Nishimura (2011, 96 – 112) charge that Wendt identifies sovereignty, evolution of cooperation and intentional efforts to change egoistic ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1488090-alexander-wendt-the-agent-structure-problem-in-international-relations
(Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1488090-alexander-wendt-the-agent-structure-problem-in-international-relations.
“Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1488090-alexander-wendt-the-agent-structure-problem-in-international-relations.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
International relations - contemporary global security
Social constructivism brings in a social ‘zest’ to theory of international relation. This research paper considers social constructivism as a perfect alternative for neorealist theory widely applied for international relations. Materialist theory analyzes behavior of states on the basis of material assets distribution.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Alexander Wendt Anarchy Theory
Recent theorist, Kenneth Waltz, in his article Neo Realism outlined in his book Theory of International Politics (1979) argues that "the world exists in a state of perpetual international anarchy (the lack of an effective central authority over states) as no state can fully trust any other state or completely understand their policies." Every state in the world seems to be having a hidden agenda of its own, with its national and international priorities to meet and this becomes the basis of mutual suspicion.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Alexander Wendt and Anarchy
Man is only great when he acts from passions; never irresistible but when he appeals to the imagination. Alexander Wendt and his constructivism have been appreciated for the freshness of it. No doubt it is assumed to be a conventional theory, but not entirely so, because he criticises nationalist orthodoxy.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Constructivism and Post-Structuralism
Constructivism obscures the politics already involved in representing reality. This is at the heart not only of constructivism's success but also of the celebration and despair it triggers. Those wary of constructivism object to the exclusion of challenging and thought-provoking questions about politics and the political.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
To what extent does Social Constructivism offer New Avenues for Theoretical and Methodological Research in International Relations
As suggested by Joerges and Neyer, the social interactions which occur between institutions are often attributed as a process of argumentation and deliberation.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Assignment on MANAGING PEOPLE: (MBA PROGRAMME) Master of Business Administration
As people constantly interact with each other, they unconsciously mange each other in their transactions and thus learn how to relate with diverse people in addition.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
International Relations
As Steinberg defines, NGOs are not-for-profit organizations that work to address concerns affecting the world1. For instance, UNESCO is an NGO. The major difference between an IGO and NGO is
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Against Legalizing Prostitution
Hayes-Smith Rebecca and Shekarkhar Zahra, in their article, Why Is Prostitution Criminalized? An Alternative Viewpoint on the Construction of Sex Work strives to defend prostitution from possible illegalisation. Hayes-Smith is a professor in the Department of Sociology,
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Theoretical Validity of Alexander Wendts Belief That a World State Is Inevitable
According to the report the nature at which these institutions are adapting to the environment indicates the agency in which states are gearing towards a common platform. The historical composition of an institution where based on smaller united of society with each person identifying himself with these units.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Is Alexander Wendit right that anarchy is what states make of it If so, what are the implications for IR theory
In fact, Wendt is the creator of completely new vision on the present and the future of the international relations in the contemporary global perspective. In addition, he is known as the representative of
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Constructivism and international relations
According to Wendt, constructivism is a fundamental theory in relation to the international system. According to him, states form the major units of analysis used in international political theory. This theory also argues that the key items found in the systems of the states are not material but rather intersubjective.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us