Political Parties and the Electoral Process Name Institution Date Political Parties and the Electoral Process Three to four (3-4) ideological differences between America’s two (2) major political parties The United States of America political environment is dominated by two major political parties…
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Apparently, the two major political parties receive massive support due to the ideologies (Levendusky, 2009). Consequentially, the two leading parties in the US are the democrats and the republicans. They have been dominating the political scene of the United States for years and have since amassed massive support in regard to their presidential candidates. The two parties hold contrasting views of different ideologies which receive prevalent attention. Therefore, the two parties either choose to take a liberal view of ideologies or settle on the conservative view of ideologies. The liberal view states that abortion is a legal action that is taken by women as citizens of the United States. They state that women are human beings who have the right to make decision in regard to their lives. Therefore, they have legal choice of using abortion to control their lives as it is open to all the citizens. On the other hand, the conservative view states that immorality is not acceptable (Ashbee, 2004). As a matter of fact, they state that abortion is immoral and should be banned. In this particular view, the politicians think that abortion is an infringement of the right to life since the unborn child is a form of life. The second point of contrast is the issue of gun control (Levendusky, 2009). Gun control is a prevalent issue in the United States since many people would wish to own guns for security reasons. Since the government issues licenses for individuals owning guns, there is need to have restrictions and control on the issuance. On one side, the liberal view of ideologies states that there should be high restrictions of gun control. As such, there should be a number of laws that should restrict the ownership of guns. Inclusion of stringent laws would reduce the bizarre incidences that occur due to gun ownership. On the other hand, the conservative politicians insinuate that there should be less restriction on the gun control issue. The third issue that draws attention in the two leading parties is the issue of taxes (Levendusky, 2009). Taxes affect all the citizens of the country and should be considered with utter keenness. On one side, the liberals think that taxes should be high and progressive. Higher taxes will give the country more revenue which will be used for development. On the other hand, the conservatives state that taxes should be lower and progress at a lower rate. This will not affect the citizens as the taxes will not have dire effect on their income. Lastly, the two political parties differ on the issue of gay marriage. For example, the liberals state that gay marriage should be legalized. On the other hand, conservative politics state that gay marriages are illegal. Key reasons why third parties have never been successful at the presidential level Though there are third parties in the United States, they do not seem to give an impressive performance in the presidential elections. This has been attributed by a number of reasons. First, the two leading parties have been clinching the presidential office. As such, the parties have had the advantage of holding the office and pushing their candidates to get a better place in the upcoming elections. On the other hand, the third parties have not had such an advantage. Secondly, the ideologies of the two leading parties are steadfast. The two leading parties take a stand in the prevalent issues in the country and expound on the strategies they will use in solving the situation. This
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What makes it interesting though is that nearly all of the countries had professed establishing democracies patterned particularly after that of the United States. In practice, however, as history has proven, military dictatorships and despotic civilian rulers solidly backed by the armed forces and the economic and political elite took control of nations for a decade or more.
This is evidenced by the critical changes made by the respective governments with regard to political structure and context (Avila and Henriquez 4). The changes have seen the establishment of electoral management bodies that have played significant roles towards democratisation of the region.
The two parties, Republican and Democrat, certainly contain stark ideological differences. Those differences have divided the nation at times, and united it at others. In the end, most Americans continue to identify themselves as being a member of one of these two parties, even though the number of third-party and independent affiliations are on the rise.
It has almost served as one’s identity. Friendships have been forged over party affiliations, and they have equally been broken and ended in disaster over certain political ideological differences. While it is true that more Americans than ever before are beginning to look to third parties to represent them at the both the local and national levels, the reality is that it has been difficult for any candidate to win an election when not sharing the ideology of one of the two major political parties.
However, only two states held the election in 1789 these were Maryland and Pennsylvania. Each elector had two votes for the office the president. The majority winner become president and the runners up was automatically the vice president. The twelfth amendment requires one vote for vice president and one for president by the electors also known as the Electoral College.
defined as office holders, activities as well as voters that are linked to a group label and focus towards electing individuals of a specific label to public office (Ginsberg et. al 67). The US political system is made up of two parties: The Republican Party and the Democratic
(Bogdanor, 2006) The Conservative Party in the UK also had 2,800,000 individual members in the early part of 1950. Membership in political parties have however dwindled steadily over the years. By 1975 for example, membership of the Conservative Party had reduced from 2,800,000 to 1,500,000.
The author states that these groups can be of several types; they may be working for the welfare of the masses i.e. “positive interest groups” or may be pursuing their interests i.e. “negative interest groups”. On the other hand, a political party or a political association primarily suggests an amalgamation of people aiming to influence policy.
This essay discusses that if the electoral college system is replaced by a simple majority system then the whole election system should be modified – a nationalized body of government officials to be introduced with which the threat of ‘major fraud’ boosted up following some statistical data about fraud by federal officials.
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