Free elections, competition, and pressure groups, versus voter representation Democracy, traditionally conceptualized in today’s free world as leadership of the people by the people, is ostensibly the most significant aspect of global politics and, despite the staggering state of the democratization process all over the world, most countries have shown a remarkable commitment to moving from totalitarianism and anarchism to democracy…
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Competition between rival political parties provides the ground for issue-based politics and thereby offering the people an opportunity to make informed choices between the different alternatives by electing leaders who best fit the job description and espouse the interests of the majority. Nevertheless, pressure groups also play a very profound role in global politics today because they put elected leaders to task, to deliver their election pledges to the people, as well as acting as the people’s watchdog, protecting and advocating for the interests of the electorates. In that case, free elections, competition between political parties and pressure groups have significant impacts on democracy, and in particular, with the pervasive increase in both the size and number of pressure groups in the world, debates have emerged regarding implications of these factors on democracy. For instance, questions have been raised concerning whether pressure groups promote democracy or whether they undermine it by impeding election of the right leadership; this paper will evaluate the effectiveness of free elections, competition between political parties, and the activities of pressure groups, in ensuring representation of the voters. Free elections are effective in ensuring the people are represented because they capture the true will and aspirations of a majority of people, which is the true essence of democracy in a free world, without undermining their voice through undercut means such as election rigging. Precursors to free elections include an impartial administration, that ensures enrolment is open to all eligible voters and casting of the vote is reasonably accessible to all, as well as, freedom from coercion, which ensures that the electorates are not compelled to make choices (Fletcher 2007, p.2). Additionally, a free electioneering process thrives on freedom of expression and association that allows all citizens to participate in the electoral debates, and truthful election data systems that ensures that votes are counted fairly and accurately without falsifications whatsoever. In this regard, a free election is one that genuinely reflects the will of the people, and in which votes count equally, candidates campaign freely in a level playing field without restrictive infringements; allegations of dirty tricks coupled with unfair propaganda are some of the factors that undermine a free election. Leaderships who ascent to political offices through dirty tricks and unfair propaganda will hardly represent the electorates because they are a bunch of selfish self-serving individuals who owe no allegiance to the people thus they are accountable to no one in particular. Conversely, leaders who are put into office through fair elections are an embodiment of both the will and aspirations of the people thus will represent electorates effectively, because they are accountable to them. Free elections promote representation because they are the only source of political elites that can articulate the interests of the people through governance and democracy, unlike in dictatorships, where leadership is imposed upon the people regardless of whether it has the support of the majority of the people or whether it serves their interests. Competition between
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There may be shortcomings; yet its advocates believe that they are of little significance and do not pose a threat to the stability enjoyed by the country today. Thomas Magstadt asserts that continuity is ensured by the system itself, “as the two major parties keep to the middle of the road to appeal to a broad range of middle-class interests,”3 hence the preservation of political and governmental stability.
Democratic state means the general citizens by taking advantage of their democratic rights present the votes in favour of their preferred individual. Then, he or she becomes the minister of the government of that state and acts as the representative of the general public.
The founding fathers were primarily concern that interest groups and political parties would intentionally impose their political will on others. Concerns about the rich people taking control of the interest groups and consequently spread their ideas leaving the poor unable to support the interest and concerns adequately and effectively.
It is worth noting that political parties are actively involved in educational outreach, electoral campaigns and protest actions. This implies that a political party wants the best for the people because they oppose government’s actions. The party provides its manifesto, which it uses to reach its set goals.
In a democratic state, people are the main representatives. They are the highest decision maker before implementation of any specific rule or regulation within the state or country. However, they may take place in varied political parties, pressure groups or free elections to present their views or ideas among other individual’s of the society
The Americans have considered this, especially because the parties are a plurality system where the elected president has to have the majority of the votes than other candidates for the same position. The political parties have various roles that they
(Bogdanor, 2006) The Conservative Party in the UK also had 2,800,000 individual members in the early part of 1950. Membership in political parties have however dwindled steadily over the years. By 1975 for example, membership of the Conservative Party had reduced from 2,800,000 to 1,500,000.
In this kind of government, the general public practices a freedom where everybody can participate in making a decision especially in selecting a leader who will guide and rule the nation. On the other hand, public authorities were given power to rule and guide the society.
The author states that these groups can be of several types; they may be working for the welfare of the masses i.e. “positive interest groups” or may be pursuing their interests i.e. “negative interest groups”. On the other hand, a political party or a political association primarily suggests an amalgamation of people aiming to influence policy.
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