The six-day war of 1967 was fought between Israel and the Arab states comprising of Egypt, Jordan and Syria.The war between Arab and the Israel in 1967 was the third war between Israel and the Arab states…
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After the second war between the Arab and Israel in 1956, the Egyptian forces agreed to maintain peace with the positioning of the UN peacemakers in the borders of Egypt and Israel. This positioning of the peacemakers were due to the efforts of the US and Soviet Union in the war of 1956 between Egypt and Israel, UK and France. In the next decades, there were several minor conflicts between Israel and the Arabs, particularly with the Syrians (Hammel, 2001). In 1966, Soviet Union reminded Syria for not violating the agreement of peace between the Arab states and the Israel. Soon after that amidst environment of tension, the Palestine Liberation Organization launched a mine attack in Syria that killed three Syrian soldiers. This created a series of retaliatory activities between Israel and the Arabs, mainly Palestine, Syria, Jordan, Egypt. The King of Jordan noticed that Egypt did not come forward to the aid of Jordan against Israel which forced him to sign a defence treaty with Egyptian president in order to stop the military invasions of Israel. The cause of the war of 1967 was also due to dispute of sharing of water from the Jordan River. Israel diversified the flow of water from the Jordan River into its west banks for agriculture and irrigation (Sadeh, 1997). Syria tapped the flow of stream and diverted it into the regions of Syria, Jordan and Egypt due to which Israel faced shortage of water. The tensions over the conflict with water sharing also led to the war of 1967. Role of Arab states in the war of 1967 Prior to the war of 1967, the Israeli borders faced ample terrorist attacks from the Arabs. These terrorist attacks were Palestinian attacks on Israel. Israel figured out that Syria has been sponsoring these terrorist attacks on their land. The Israeli forces warned Syria to stop sponsoring the terrorist attacks for honouring their peace treaty. When the terrorist attacks of the Arabs on the Israeli borders continued, Israel carried out planned military operations on the villages of the West Bank of Jordan and Syria. Israel also started to deploy armies in a pre-planned manner in the demilitarized zones in the borders of Israel and the Arab states (Louis and Shlaim, 2012). When the Arabs states found that Israel has been aggressive and has been launching military attacks to destroy their nations and villages, they started to unite and sign defence pacts. The Egyptian president started to gather his troops in the Straits of Tiran in order to block the access of Israel to this waterway. The Syrian army started to collect troops in the Golan height. The Egyptian president ordered his army to block the Israelis in the Gaza strip and the Sinai Peninsula (Dunstan, 2012). The Jordanian troops also joined hands with Egypt and Syria in the war against Israel. The Straits of Tiran was regarded as the international waterway by Israel and other international communities. According to the previous treaty signed between the Israel and the Arab states, blocking the Straits of Tiran would mean declaration of war. In order to overhaul the resistance and opposition of the Arab states in the Straits of Tiran, the Israeli government decided to go for war and break the barriers created by the Arab army forces. This led to the six-day war of 1967 that saw Israel launching a series of carefully planned air strikes on a continuous basis over the Arab military forces that resulted into severe damage and killing of the Arab troops and soldiers (Quandt, 2001). Thus the Arab states played the role of creating irrevocable conditions by blocking the access of Israel to the Straits of Tiran, raising military deployments in the Gaza strips and Golan height that stimulated the outbreak of underlying tensions to the
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In today’s dynamic world of rapid change and increasing globalization, there should be a leadership format that is more streamlined and useful for all different types of organizations depending on their externalities or internal processes of managing people.
To understand how and why the Arab-Israeli war was waged in 1973, one must understand that he conflict began not in 1973, but, rather, in 1967. 1967 was the year that there was another Arab-Israel war, one that was decisively won by the Israelis.
A political strategic objective can be definite or indefinite. The objectives should however be militarily attainable. Vego points out that a “political strategic objective should be articulated clearly, concisely and unambiguously.”2 Despite the fact that this usually seems as a fairly easy task for those tasked with making decisions, most often political objectives are poorly articulated and defined and also ambiguous, which makes it quite difficult to develop appropriate military strategic objectives.
Regional Impact of the Arab Defeat in 1967 War. Emergence of Israel as a state in the Post Second World War scenario changed the overall outlook of the Middle East. Israel the lone Jewish state in the region, found little hospitality and acceptance from the mostly Muslim states around.
Historical documents conclude that The Yom Kippur, or Ramadan war of 6-25 October 1973 led to the loss of 2,687 Israeli lives and an additional estimated 16,000 Arab lives. This war also disrupted the US-Soviet détente and spurred Arab oil producers to impose an Oil embargo against the West during the mid October 1973, far being a contributor of a global recession, and additionally opening up rifts between the United States and its NATO allies.
This supposedly led to Germany's declaration of war against Russia1. Germany's eagerness to go to war was due to a superiority complex that gave her much confidence that the war against France and Russia could be won in a very short span of time (Boyle, F.A.
The June 1967 War was a watershed event in the history of Israel and the Middle East. After only six days of fighting, Israel had radically altered the political map of the region. By June 13, Israeli forces had captured the Golan Heights from Syria, Sinai and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, and all of Jerusalem and the West Bank from JordanThe 1967 War also laid the foundation for future discord in the region - as on November the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 242 the "land for peace formula, which called for Israeli withdrawal "from territories occupied" in 1967 in return for "the termination of all claims or states of belligerency."1
Lines of defense were built in both Sinai and the Golan Heights. Israel spent $500 million strengthening its positions on the Suez Canal. Their massive earthworks and defense named after Israeli General Chaim Bar-lev – the Bar-Lev line.
The author of this essay gives a definition of the Cold War. He assumes that the Cold War can be defined as the conflicts of interests between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union, in the post Second World War period. It existed from 1947 to 1991. In the end the author makes an analytical conclusion.