Nobody downloaded yet

Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Machiavelli utilizes chronological occurrences and personages to exemplify his theories on authority and conduct captivatingly. Machiavelli’s book ‘the Prince’ is bestrewn with truths that can be attested at every single turn; for instance, Machiavelli in the book shows men to be victims of their ease and self-indulgence…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Rousseau"

Download file to see previous pages Machiavelli reiterates that crimes may win an empire but they can never win glory moreover he believed necessary wars were just wars and that the arms of a nation are hallowed when it lacks other resources apart from fight. In addition, concerning the markets, Machiavelli considers increase of land and things to be core (Machiavelli 13-14).
Rousseau believes in a monarchy that guarantees the needs and the universal will of its people are executed. He believes the pressing interest of a ruler is his most indispensible duty is observing the laws of which the individual is the minister and on which the whole authority is founded. Moreover, he considers social actions to be reciprocal in nature thus impracticable for anyone to position himself beyond the law without relinquishing the advances of the law in a sovereign country. Rousseau believes that the government is not the master of the law but it is much of guarantor of the law and posses many means of inspiring love of it, which makes the talent of reigning. Rousseau believes that people are born amoral however, when people enter society they acquire the capacity for vice as well as the capability for virtue. Rousseau’s analysis regarding vice is comprehensible and well developed which exemplifies that vice results from competition. According to Rousseau, human beings are born free but in many political societies they are subjected to a form of dependence that amounts to slavery. Moreover, Rousseau considers two kinds of inequality that include natural and contrived inequalities but only natural inequalities are acceptable. As well, Rousseau believes justice is impossible to achieve in a world that is stark of social inequality in addition he believes that concentrations of wealth increases inequality (Rousseau 8). In wealth of nations, Smith closely ties liberation of the desire for wealth to commerce and free market, which he considered the most effective way of satisfying that desire, which is synonymous with Rousseau’s view on governance. Thus in Smith’s view, life is ceaselessly driven by desire, anxiety and fear hence life is eternally filled with disturbance and disquiet (Fitzgibbons 3). Smith considers people by nature to have a tendency for improving their circumstances through buildup of goods of affluence, status and power. Smith considers the accumulation of wealth as means that jeopardizes tranquility as opposed to producing it, which is also synonymous with Rousseau regarding personal interest. Therefore, both perspectives of Smith and Rousseau consider the pursuits of wealth to be deeply misleading; for instance, Smith argues on the condition of the material world (Gudz 2). Polanyi in The Great Transformation clarified precincts of self-regulating markets and currently there is no reputable, intellectual hold for the proposition that markets by themselves result in competent, let alone equitable outcomes. This view is also synonymous with Rousseau model which considered the concentration of wealth to be the cause of increase in inequality. Polanyi addresses a certain defect in self-regulating economy which involves the relationship between the economy and society in how economic systems affect the way people relate to one another. This view is also considered by Rousseau who believed accumulation of w ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Essay”, n.d.)
Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Essay. Retrieved from
(Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Essay)
Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Essay.
“Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Rousseau

John Locke vs. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

..., but he would have a hard time getting support as his treatise on the Discourse on the origin of Inequality would be in conflict with American value system especially his idea about property. American’s by nature are acquisitive and he views acquisition of goods and property to be a source of inequality and injustice thus going against the nature of the electorate. If by some miracle Rousseau will win in the election, it is my opinion that he may not finish his term as a President because he will be removed from office either by a Revolution or by impeachment which Locke propose that the people has the right to do so if the government no longer serve its purpose. References Locke, John. “Second Treatise...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Adam Smith and Karl Marx Economic Theories

...? Topic: Lecturer: Presentation: Introduction Economic deals with study of human nature hence most theories ineconomic are based on the nature of humans. Adam Smith and Karl Marx are considered as the greatest economists of their time, in fact Smith is regarded as the father of modern economics (Skousen, 3). Most of the theories in economics today are based on the ideas of Smith as well as Marx and Keynes. These individuals have different ideas on how the economy works and the best economic system that would ensure the good of all people in the society. They also differ on the role the government is supposed to take to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Niccolo Machiavelli

...119727 Born in Italy, in 1469, Niccolo Machiavelli, after going through many hurdles and problems in life, eventually became dedicated to patriotism and politics and political philosophy, and even to this day, remains one of the best theorists of political science world and is considered to be the political genius of all times. One of the greatest original thinkers, brilliant perhaps slightly tragic, Machiavelli looms large over the political philosophy scene across centuries. His period was of worst political and religious instability. He was influenced by Savanarola and his eventual execution affected him severely. He was an active politician in the independent city-state of Florence....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Jean Jacques Rousseau

...Part I: Summarizing Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean Jacques Rousseau & Place of Birth 28th June 1712, Geneva - Switzerland & Place of Death 2nd July 1778, Ermenonville - France Jean Jacques was a Swiss philosopher - he had a major role to play in the French Revolution as it was his political ideas that mainly influenced the same, along with the growth of nationalism and the theory of socialists. He also made important contributions to music and writing; it is often said that he re-invented autobiography and focused more on subjectivity in the work, which now can be seen in the work of Hegel and Freud. mile, ou l'education, along with The Educational Theory presented by him were two of the most significant accomplishments by the fellow... ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Natural Inequality

...Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Natural Inequality The very smoothness of social polish, which in Rousseau's view derives mainly from intellectual refinement, is, therefore, an obstacle to true social cohesion and integration; and although this mistrust is doubtless born of his own concept of Natural Inequality, it is something which he never abandons, but tends rather to ascribe to all men. Such an attitude is understandable in an 'outsider', but what is more questionable, is the insistence that this misleading and disconcerting urbanity is largely the product of letters, art and science (Gourevitch, 2001). Refusing to consider the opposite point of view, Rousseau now puts this idea forward as his major thesis. Not only have the arts... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

...Jean-Jacques Rousseau (June 28, 1712 - July 2, 1778) was a Franco-Swiss philosopher, political theorist, and self-taught composer of The Age of Enlightenment. Rousseau's political ideas influenced the French Revolution, the development of socialist theory, and the growth of nationalism. His legacy as a radical and revolutionary is perhaps best demonstrated by his most famous line, from his most important work, The Social Contract: "Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains." Jean Jacques Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality, written for the Academy of Dijon in 1754, is an attempt to answer the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Adam Smith and Karl Polanyi

...Adam Smith and Karl Polanyi Question one The self-regulating market requires intervention, both for its creation and for its maintenance. So the creation of a self regulating market in copyrighted goods requires state intervention to create and maintain that market, Polanyi and Karl (1944). Self-regulating market requires state intervention to ensure that the prices of labor, land, and money are all controlled only by economic factors internal to that self-regulating market. When social, environmental, religious or national policies interfere with the operating of that self regulating market, state intervention is required. The basic...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Educational Thinker: Jean Jacques Rousseau

...Educational Thinker: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Historical, Political and Social Background Jean Jacques Rousseau born in Geneva, Switzerland in 1712 is a renowned author and one of the first philosophers who inspired diplomacy in education concentrating wisdom as oppose to authority (Yang, 2004). He authored a number of books such as Julie, Émile, The Social Contract, Letters Written from the Mountain, Confessions, Considerations on the Government of Poland and Essay on the Origin of Languages. Rousseau’s mother died days after he was born. He was raised and nurtured by a paternal aunt and farther who was a professional watchman. Passion for reading ignited in Rousseau as a child under father’s warmth. At the age of 10... ....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Jean Jacques Rousseau

...Jean Jacques Rousseau: Each man, in giving himself to all, gives himself to nobody; and as there is no associate over whom he does not acquire the same right as he yields others over himself, he gains an equivalent for everything he loses, and an increase of force for the preservation of what he has. (Rousseau, p.192) What does Rousseau mean by the term Social Contract and how does it relate to politics? The social contract is also called a political contract. It is basically a contract among the members of a society. The citizens of a country or a society engage in an agreement that they will abide by the state’s rules and regulations whether this...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Adam Smith vs. Karl Marx

...Adam Smith vs. Karl Marx Economic theory is an accepted knowledge of system that enlighten goods and services productions and consumption. Adam Smith and Karl Marx are among the greatest economists to ever existed (Skousen 8). Because Adam Smith theory (Capitalism) and Karl Marx theory (Exploitation) had different viewpoints, they formed opposing theoretical concepts. Adam Smith Theory Adam Smith is a scholar and a philosopher referred to as the father of modern economics. He was a Scot and lived in the period between...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Ideas of Adam Smith, Niccolo Machiavelli, Karl Polanyi, Jean-Jacques Rousseau for FREE!

Contact Us