The Iraq war of 2003: Was the Iraq war of 2003 driven principally by US interest in oil? Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction The Iraq war of 2003 was the longest, largest and the most expensive use of armed force by the United States after the Vietnam War…
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It is only in December 2011 that the US completed the withdrawal of its troops from Iraq. Since the post war era, a great attention has been raised as regards to the US motives of getting involved in Iraq. The Bush Administration proposed different justifications for its decision to invade Iraq. At the beginning, it singled out the threat to US national security caused by the alleged assembling of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by the Saddam administration and connection with international terrorists. Then, it emphasized the necessity to spread democracy in the Middle East in addition to also stressed Saddam Hussein's tyrannical regime and human rights misuse (Boot, 2003). However, many sceptics consider that all of these justifications were just distractions and bureaucratic arguments. In their view, the real key driver was US interest in Iraqi oil as it is one of the main components of global power. The Persian Gulf is the heart of the world petroleum industry. It holds 65 percent of the world’s oil reserves and 34 percent of the world’s natural gas reserves (Everest, 2004). The Gulf has strategic importance as the global race for oil has grown. Since the end of World War II, domination in the Middle East and control its oil supplies have been very important to US foreign policy. In pursuit of these objectives, the US made various actions – political and military pressure, overthrowing governments and even menacing the use of nuclear weapons. The subordination of repressive Arab rulers, the support of Israel and Shah’s regime in Iran are good examples of US attempts to control the Middle East. There are many disputes surrounding the role of the Iraqi oil in US invention of 2003. It is argued that one of the main reasons for this war was for the acquisition of the second largest oil reserves in the world. As it has become the major factor of today’s global military-economic-political balance (Fawn & Hinnebusch, 2006). There are many arguments that this was mainly commercial purpose in order to maintain the US economy and oil lobbyist. Moreover, it is widely argued that Iraqi oil has great strategic value for the US as it could decrease dependency on the undemocratic oil producing countries and undermine their economic and political situation (Alkadiri & Mohamedi, 2003). This essay will analyse the oil factor in Iraq war 2003 and its role in American hegemony. It will analyse the case for the numerous attempts made in a bid to have control over Iraqi energy resources and analyse its relationship with the US policy in the context of this war. We however observe an almost failure for the Iraq case which further resulted into the US getting weaker in terms of global domination and in terms of energy security. This study is divided into various sections. The first section of the essay provides a positive opinion about the struggle for Gulf energy resources being a major requisite of Iraq war. The second section of the paper offers an in-depth analysis of US interest in Iraqi oil while the third section identifies the implications for US policy in achieving their main goal in Iraq war. What was the main origin in Iraq war? President Bush has been indicted by many people for concealment of his real motives for the Iraq war of 2003 (Pfiffner, 2004). To gain an in-depth understanding of the origin of the war, the essay will examine several sets of
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Prior to it, Iraq had also violated 678(1990) and 687 (1991). In addition to this, UNSCOM, UNMOVIC, IAEA and UN Security Council have accused Iraq of non- cooperation (Weller, and Mark, 182-183.). The Iraq- Us war has been one of the disastrous wars of recent times.
Bush’s administration was determined to invade Iraq with or without compelling evidence that Iraq had an active program for obtaining and hiding weapons of mass destruction (MacAskill). Several American voters strongly believe that they should never have involved themselves in the Iraq war.
Also, it becomes evident from the circumstances that America was in the dire need of strengthening its geopolitical dominance in the Middle East, and considering the situation of the time, Iraq was the most vulnerable victim. There were three main factors which can prove that the American invasion of Iraq was inevitability.
Iraq is located in the western part of Asia and it shares a border with Jordan, Iran Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Syria. It has a small coastline of 58 kilometres. Baghdad is the countries largest city and it plays the role of being its capital city with a population of 30,399,572. The other large cities of Iraq include Basra, Mosul, Kirkuk and Irbil.
This case applies to Iraq, which is an area with some of the oldest prehistoric empires that were situated in Mesopotamia, between Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. Although these prehistoric empires developed, there were involved in a lot of conflict, caused by several issues including trade routes and oil; however, the most recent source of conflict tends to be the establishment of Islam, otherwise known as Muhammadanism (Gallagher 2006, p.
s is therefore using its military dominance to cover up its eroding status as an economic superpower by imposing its military actions in the conflict and crisis laden nations in the Middle East to facilitate control over oil. The American economic hegemony has lost its
Then came the actual war in 2003. The question of the political expediency of the War of 2003 was drowned in a collective American fear of threats to security. George Bush's speeches were also engineered to keep the morale of the people high, in the tradition of past war leaders of the world (Churchill, for instance)
Answering these one by one will make the picture clearer.
It was known that for the U.S and its allies for a military intervention in Iraq, a prior authorization from the United Nations Security Council was a must. It is believed that the invasion of an independent country like Iraq was a breach of international law laid by the U.N.
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