quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Self-strengthening movernment in China - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: The Self-Strengthening Movement in China By any considerations of the great nation of China, let it be by Chinese or Western authors, regularly begins with a mention to china long history, and the Chinese national security questions cannot be ignored…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.2% of users find it useful
Self-strengthening movernment in China
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Self-strengthening movernment in China"

Download file to see previous pages Modern scholars of Chinese national security questions would do well to give attention to a hundred-year period that marked a truly pivotal moment within that 4000-year span. The turning point in the Chinese history came in the nineteenth century, requiring as it does careful attention to the administration’s dealings with the great powers of Europe, the United States, and Japan. The Qing Dynasty which was in control more or less of the Empire since 1644, found itself at mid-century unable to ignore dealing with the foreign barbarians, and this required extensive review of its economic, diplomatic and military policies and procedures. The power to create change to these areas and modernize Chinese armed forces in particular can be remembered as the Self-Strengthening Movement1. The Self-Strengthening Movement, as the name indicates, advocated by a group of Qing officials who wanted to strengthen the weak leadership by learning technology from the western countries. The Self-Strengthening Movement was also a period of institutional reforms introduced during the late Qing Dynasty following a number of military defeats and concessions to western powers. Unfortunately, this movement can be considered as a failure because China did not be able to defend itself during the Sino-French and Sino-Japanese wars. The failure of the Self –Strengthening Movement can be connected to a number of reasons one being the limited number of skilled man power, which led to the collapse of the self-strengthening movement. Transmission of technology was small in 1881 when the project of sending boys to western countries like United States of America to study stopped. China did not realize that one of the real reasons was its corrupt system and government. There was wide spread corruption in the government of China which can be seen as a factor to the collapse of self-strengthening movement in China. An example is the Dowager Empress which spent over 30 million Taels of funds meant for the naval to constructing the Summer Palace for her own “amusement during retirement” as Hsu stated. The 30 million Taels meant to fund and support the navy of china. Hsu also noted that Li Hongzhang can be “not noted for high morals and character”. Apparently, Li left behind an estate estimated to be worth over 40 million Taels that the people close to him “milked and squeezed the factories and enterprises under their charge mercilessly.” Many more events led to the collapse of the self-strengthening movement in china one of them being the western merchants withdrawing their capital in China and ceasing to trade. The coastal merchants all became bankrupt and their original strength became extremely drained. The populace in turn, moved away and became vagrants. In some day, they may be frightened several times without being able to protect their own lives. The Chinese merchants even suffered more. In the self-strengthening movement which involved more wars, the Chinese merchants, merely caused trouble to themselves2. The Self-strengthening movement had a limited scope of activities to carry out. According to Hsu, the self-strengthening movement only went as far as improving “machines, ships, firearms, mining, light industry and communications. No efforts existed to integrate Western organizations, culture, arts, and philosophy.” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Self-strengthening movernment in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1470279-self-strengthening-movernment-in-china
(Self-Strengthening Movernment in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1470279-self-strengthening-movernment-in-china.
“Self-Strengthening Movernment in China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1470279-self-strengthening-movernment-in-china.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
China
All these impressions are not wrong; China has been a symbol of centeredness for centuries largely because of the Westerns’ translation of china’s name for itself Zhongguo, as ‘Middle Kingdom’ or ‘The centre of the world’ (Elegant 1968). Unaware of the western countries, China gave itself this name thinking that it was the centre of civilization.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
The Kangxi Emperor and the Jesuit Mission in China
I view China as the seat of the world, the guiding light, what you Westerners might call the city on the hill. I have long studied your machinery, such as your clocks. China has no need to expand beyond its borders. When Tsarist Russia assaulted Manchuria, we merely beat them back. We did not try to seize Siberia or march onto Moscow.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
China
This is done so through the policy revisiting in form of re balancing the ties and accepting Chinese presence and strength in that region. United States of America in parallel aims at expanding its reach to the other Asian states in the Asian
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
CHINA
In spite of globalization and China’s security as well as its global competition, geography has been the main reason behind its economic success. Economic developments in the country over time have resulted in a new economic geography that is
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment
Strengthening Desirable Behavior
A variety of reinforcement systems are available to suit different teachers, students, and styles. 1. To encourage students to participate positively during large-group discussion, verbal praise is an effective reinforcement system. It offers several advantages in the classroom.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Strengthening Africa
ILMI will integrate the Information and Communication Technologies with a new vision of leadership and management inspired in the Southeast Asian countries and the Asda Effect as a tool for increasing development taking advantage of all available assistance from international organizations and donors into an effective initiative for change and integration in the national and global markets.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Writing the Self in China
My girlfriend and I were arguing the majority of the time. Thus my girlfriend was taking advice on our relationship from the blog readers. This was only because she could not cope with the relationship by
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
China
Laozi believed in an amorphous and pervasive nature in which he differentiated between nature in its primitive form, and as it is named by people. Thus, according to Laozi, the beginning of Heaven and Earth can be described as nameless
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Self
It even includes aspects of their personality, their physical characteristics, and their occupations (Myers & Spencer, 2006). The self concept starts to develop in early childhood, and continues to develop and evolve for most of the individual’s life. When an individual’s self concept changes, they can undergo a significant personality crisis during times of rapid change like puberty (Myers & Spencer, 2006).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
China
This view was not arrived at by malevolent outsiders but by the Chinese government. The question of whether the expected change would be one that is abrupt or smooth, can be answered from the perspective that it would mainly be dependent on both the global and China’s future growth.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Self-strengthening movernment in China for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us