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Critically assess the policy of containment during the Cold War. Answer with reference to ONE of the following Presidents: Harry - Essay Example

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The Policy of Containment during the Cold War In Reference to Harry Truman After serving three tours of Russia, Kennan had a great suspicion about the real intentions of Stalin and their men towards the US and its Western Allies. He also realized that if Moscow is allowed to take any of the major Western nations including Japan on ideological ground then it would be a defeat for the US and in the long run that could become a threat to the security of nation…
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Critically assess the policy of containment during the Cold War. Answer with reference to ONE of the following Presidents: Harry
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Critically assess the policy of containment during the Cold War. Answer with reference to ONE of the following Presidents: Harry

Download file to see previous pages... Kennan emphasised that it was in the interest of the US to compel Soviet Russia to abandon its expansionist policies and accept the liberal international order. With the approval of NSC 20/4 in Truman's regime, the American policy had taken a major change with the sole aim of eliminating the Soviet bloc altogether; however, the pertinent question was in what way the US would accomplish this task for it had two options – either convince Russia to give up their expansionary motives or employ means and strategies that can overthrow the Russian regime without indulging into any war. It is precisely in this context that psychological warfare became so important (Mitrovich, 1964:8). Collapse of Soviet Union It is an established fact that the persistent policy of containment of last few decades culminated into the collapse of the Soviet bloc. By sheer application of strategies in containing the soviet Russia, the US was able to restore the most peaceful international order ever happened in history. ...
Between 1948 and 1956, the US officials could successfully develop an effective national security doctrine that could reduce the influence of USSR on Eastern Europe and that too without indulging into a war. They were fully aware that psychological warfare as employed during World War II would work best in the given circumstances without any need of using military operations. Establishing military superiority was one of the tactics that the US successfully employed to contain soviet ambitions. The US decision makers aimed at creating a world that would be based on geopolitical cooperation, free market operations without bringing any direct conflict between two political systems. On failing to achieve this, they knew that it would result into a complete economic chaos, third World War and total disintegration of American way of life (Mitrovich, 1964:2) With these observations, Kennan wrote in one of the article: “Don’t make any more unnecessary concessions to these people. Make it clear to them that they are not going to be allowed to establish any dominant influence in Western Europe and in Japan if there is anything we can do to prevent it" (Kennan, 1987 p885). Truman doctrine came into existence in 1947 while addressing a joint session of congress when President Truman requested $400 million economic and military aid for Turkey and Greece to contain communist aggression in those countries (Merril, 2006). It is pertinent to note here that it was for the first time that President’s doctrine had military and economic elements, especially aimed at containing the soviet communism. It is argued that Truman doctrine was quite successful during its first few years of implementation as far as the containment is concerned in the sense that the insurgency in Greek ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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