Nobody downloaded yet

FINAL - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE Please write your name here Title of course Due date of paper Final Answer No. 1 Part: A Before going to discuss whether street-level bureaucrats should have discretion in their day-to-day work or not, let us get a better understanding of what discretion in work actually is…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
FINAL
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "FINAL"

Download file to see previous pages “The moral structure of discretion remains essentially the same for all officials because they are all charged to obey and implement the law and respect legal process in exercising their power and judgment” (Victoria 1). Discretion is involved in every matter of professional life for a street-level government employee. A front line officer is usually more involved in dealing with public matters because he/she has to deal with public more than the higher ranked officials do. A front line government officer should exercise his/her discretion in resolving public matters instead of sending every simple case to higher authorities. For example, a police officer should have the power to decide whether he/she should resolve a conflicting situation on his/her own or he/she should send the case to the court to decide on it. However, it depends on the nature of the case. If a case is not very complex and both conflicting parties come to the police officer to suggest a solution for them, then the police officer should make the decision on his/her own. Such discretions in day-to-day work not only enhance the ability of front line government offices to the critical decisions but also reduce the load of work for the government agencies. For example, if a police officer resolves simple conflicts between people on his/her own, it will reduce the workload for the court which is usually already burdened with a number of cases. However, sometimes discretion in day-today activities does not work well for the society. The reason is that the reasoning and logic that a person at a higher level can give related to public administration matters is different from the mindset of a person working as a front line government employee. Higher appointments are done based on the level of qualification and intellectual ability of people. Such people can take wise decisions by looking all aspects of matters. For example, a decision that a judge can take is more wise and merit-based than the decision that a front line police officer takes. Similarly, a decision that the manager of an organization can take for employees is more applicable and rational as compared to the decision that an employee takes for his/her work. Therefore, we can say that the consequences if street-level bureaucrats have discretion in their day-to-day activities vary from case to case. However, the negative consequences are not able to overcome the benefits associated with discretion to day-to-day works, such as, enhanced intellectual ability and reduced workload for government agencies. “Every elected, appointed, and career official must exercise judgment and discretion in carrying out the duties and responsibilities of office” (Victoria 1). Part: B The fundamental assumption of administrative reformers in the late 1800s and early 1900s that politics could have only adverse effects on administration was true up to some extent. The reason is that the politics of that time had incorporated such elements which could have disturbed the administrative approaches and systems of almost every department. Some of such elements included thirst of power, reducing the rights of others, and political instability. All of these elements played their roles in running the political matters of Central European countries. Such elements could have broken the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“FINAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
FINAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1465288-final
(FINAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
FINAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1465288-final.
“FINAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1465288-final.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF FINAL

Final

...?English Literature ic and Modern) Using the two stories, explain what you have learned about the element in relationships that can make them succeed or fail, and explain how the stories illustrate these elements. In the conclusion, make a personal comment about your perception of the most important element(s) of relationships. The two stories The Girls in Their Summer Dresses by Irwin Shaw and Half and Half by Amy Tan both describe a romantic relationship which is in trouble. In The Girls in Their Summer Dresses the couple Michael and Frances are described on a day out together but the story’s title and the narrative make it clear that Michael is more interested in the girls he sees passing by than in his wife. There is very... Literature ic ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Final

...?After my first visit to Charles Cadman Elementary School, my second observation was to Phoebe Hearst Elementary, in San Diego, CA. While the programat Cadman is a preschool program, this is an afterschool program. The program here is also sponsored by the SAY San Diego agency and runs from 15 minutes after school [2:30 on normal days and 12:30 on minimum days] to 6:00 in the evening. In contrast to the Cadman program, the program at Phoebe does not have any requirements with regards to minimum hours or days of attendance. Hence, participation can fluctuate over a period of time. The program has a total of 90 children and usually around 85 show up at roll call. These children are aged from kindergarten to the fifth grade... my first visit to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Final

... Macro economics Question a. If Fed sold million dollars worth of government securities to an agent with a simple money multiplier of 5, then the money supply will decrease by 5 x1 = $ 5million. Interest rates will increase hence resulting into a reduction of money supply and credit creation. If Fed sells government securities to an agent, then it means that the available government securities reduce hence a reduction in credit creation (Langdana 100). With the reduction in credit creation, interest rates will increase as the government tries to discourage people from borrowing the securities. Graph 1: The effect of increase in the money supply According to Keynes, money supply is fixed by the government and the size of money... Macro...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Final

... Paper ‘Issues of Living Wage/Housing’ With the extension of labors in global markets, many countries are in search for a tool which deals with policy addressing increasing work at low-wage as well as working poverty. Now the question is, does the movement of living wage recommend any way in order to help in diminishing inequality and poverty? This living wage phrase was initially introduce in the era of 1800s, when the activist and scholars argued that employers must willingly bring an increase in labor wages and it should be implemented as something mandatory so that when the wages are paid to employees they are high enough so that they can support themselves and their families. However, majority people assume that a single male...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Final

...? Affirmative Action Understand Affirmative Action Legislation Contrary to claims of affirmative action opponents that nothing motivates opportunity for equal employment, the opposite seems to be true. The responsibility for implementing non-discrimination in employment has been shared in different times by the US civil service commission and its successor the office of personnel management in establishing employment policies and maintaining merit principles in the workforce. As well, the equal employment opportunity commission applies non-discriminatory policies for government as well as private employment; moreover, the office of federal contract compliance in the department of labor ensures that compliance in companies doing... Affirmative ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Final

...OPS/571 Final Exam Thank you. Your responses have been recorded. Exam Started Exam Completed Answers Correct Score Confirmation # 02/28 (6:30 PM) 02/28/2011 (7:14 PM) 20/42 47.62% 16521180 Submission Instructions Please submit a copy of this summary results page to your instructor through the Assignments section of the classroom. To take a screen shot of your summary results, press the or key in the upper-right hand corner of your keyboard, open a new document in Microsoft Word, then press to paste the screen shot into your document. Save the document to your desktop, then click on the Assignments tab and find your assignment under the current week. Once found, select the Assignment Title to bring... Final Exam Thank you. Your responses...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Final

...Suggested Writing Time: 40 minutes Directions: The following prompt is based on the accompanying six sources on the topic of genetically modified organisms. This question requires you to integrate a variety of sources into a coherent, well-written essay. Refer to the sources to support your position; avoid mere paraphrase or summary. Your argument should be central; the sources should support this argument. Remember to attribute both direct and indirect citations. Introduction [Introduce your topic and frame your discourse. Clearly explain the issue, define any key terms, provide any pertinent background information, and invite discussion on all sides of the issue. This section should be one or two paragraphs in length, depending...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Final

... Visual Means in “Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close” as a Way to Reach the Audience “Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close” by Jonathan Safran Foer is an outcome of postmodern literature, and like many pieces created during postmodernism, this novel bears features peculiar only to this very period. More specifically, the novel by Foer is characterized by fragmentation, which means that the piece is, in fact, a combination of themes, story lines, characters, facts, and imagery that are scattered throughout the body of the novel. The second characteristic feature of the piece is syncretism, which is the combination of completely different genres and / or art forms in the novel. In particular, “Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close... Visual Means ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Final

...product is tangible, in the form of manufactured automobiles, while the second product is an intangible one in the form of engineering services offered to the other automakers, through the Porsche Engineering Services (PES) (Henderson &Reavis, 2009). Under the tangible product category, Porsche has been offering several brands, starting with VW Type 60 released to the market in 1934, then followed by Porsche 356 series which was released in 1948, and then the Cayenne Porsche introduced into the market in 2003 and finally the Cayenne Panamera that was released to the market in 2005 (Leffingwell, 2011). On the other hand, the intangible product offered by Porsche comprised purely of trading its professional engineering...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Final

...I) As a business and future business executive,there are certain managerial skills which will be paramount to my future professional success. In my professional career as future executive or business manager, there are three essential skills which I must master as a business professional in order to excel at the task. First and most important,as a manager I must develop and nurture effective leadership skills in order lead,guide and motivate my employees at the workplace. As a successful manager,learning the ways which to empower the employees is of paramount importance to a successful employee-employer relationship. As a successful executive, I will think outside-the-box to come up with creative solutions to organizational... As a...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic FINAL for FREE!

Contact Us