We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The Russian Revolution, 2nd ed., by Sheila Fitzpatrick - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
The Russian Revolution, 2nd ed., by Sheila Fitzpatrick Sheila Fitzpatrick in her book “Russian Revolution” agreed that Stalin’s “revolution from above” was a continuation of Lenin’s revolution. The first two soviet rulers Lenin and Stalin were linked to the one great process of the revolution…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
The Russian Revolution, 2nd ed., by Sheila Fitzpatrick
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
The Russian Revolution, 2nd ed., by Sheila Fitzpatrick

Download file to see previous pages... To prove this statement, firs of all, I need to define the term revolution. Secondly, I need to trace and compare the features of Stalin’s and Lenin’s dictatorships in economic policy, social policy and party policy. So, the first task to be done is to understand how Sheila Fitzpatrick defined the revolution. According to her, revolution “is coterminous with the period of upheaval and instability between the fall of an old regime and the firm consolidation of a new one” (3). Russian Revolution began with the February 1917 and ended with the Great Purges in 1938. Author distinguished five stages of the revolution: the February and October Revolutions in 1917, Civil War, the interlude of NEP, Stalin’s “revolution form above” and the Great Purges (4). Each of these stages had its own features and was continuation of the previous one. So, the Russian Revolution lasted about 20 years that had not only changed the regime but also formed the new one. Lenin was a great organizer, ideologist and the inspirer for many Bolsheviks. Bolsheviks seized power during the October revolution only thanks to the Lenin’s strategy. Stalin was the one who deeply consolidated the new regime in the USSR with Lenin’s ideas and radically changed economy, society and party. Russia’s economy in the interwar period went through many extreme things like War Communism, NEP and Five Year Plans (with Collectivization and Industrialization). Each of them had its own aims. The main aim of the War Communism (1918-21) was to save the power, to feed soldiers and workers – it was “radical policy as answer to desperate situation” (79). But the nationalization of large-scale and small-scale industry, pressure on peasants and merchants, high level of internal resistance, instability at the front – all these forced Lenin and Bolsheviks to calm down the situation and introduce NEP. According to the author, NEP “purpose was to restore the shattered economy and to calm the fears of the non-proletariat population” (96). Bolsheviks needed to consolidate the victories of the revolution. Lenin didn’t want to stop the reforms and the process of building the communism. But, his illness disturbed him and after 1921 he wasn’t actually the one who had real influence in the state. I think NEP was some kind of strategy “step back - two forward”. And, indeed, less than a decade later, Stalin abandoned most of the NEP policies and initiated a new phase of revolutionary change with the First Five Year Plan (1929-32) Industrialization drive and the Collectivization of peasant agriculture (116). He believed that this was a true Leninist course. War Communism and First Five Year Plan had the same aims: to make communism closer. Both Lenin and Stalin wanted to industrialize the state, because, according to Marx, communism was possible only in developed industrialized countries. But Bolsheviks didn’t have enough administrative power in the beginning of 1920s to start Industrialization. In the end of 1920s they had power and plan. The First Five Year Plan was planned to industrialize the USSR by building giant new construction projects (f.e. - Magnitogorsk) focused on iron and steel. But industrialization needed money that could be taken from peasants. That’s why Stalin began Collectivization. Collectivization was undoubtedly a real “revolution from above” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Russian Revolution
It shook notions of aristocratic superiority and set the tone for future centuries which would be dominated by the influence of the bourgeois, which through its sheer majority and soaring ambition would seek to become the most powerful force in nations across the world.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Russian Revolution Essay
This economic modernization proved to be the threat to autocracy. But instability started to increase and most importantly the injustice happening to peasants by the aristocratic landowners. People there had growing sense and awareness about political and social orders as democratic ideas were the influence of industrialization.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Russian revolution Papers Assignement
The revolution however ended up creating other forms of dictatorships. The paper additionally gives insights on the treatments that the opposition groups encountered from the country’s leadership and governance bodies. Based on the examination of the article by Daniel H.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Russian Revolution
In this system there would be no social classes or private property ownership. Many countries such as Russia have experienced this revolution but in a different manner than depicted by the Marxists. The Russian revolution of 1917 saw the removal of the autocratic tsar from power and a communist government established by Lenin and Trotsky although it later became bureaucratic in nature.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Russian Revolution
‘Russia’s economy posed an extremely daunting problem for the revolutionaries.’(Beeler and Clark 2011) The state did not believe in any laws or legislations and seriously treated those showing political interests, to imprisonment. In this assignment we discuss the parts of the Russian revolutions and that how change in the organizational and individual thinking can provide favorable results.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Russian revolution
Following the removal of the Czarist regime in Russia, Lenin became not only the first leader of the newly established Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, but in 1922 he became the leader for the entire Soviet Union. Due to political threats aimed at his Communist beliefs, Lenin retreated from Russia in self-imposed exile into Europe for years; he returned immediately following the February Revolution and the abdication of Czar Nicolai II.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
February Revolution
This in itself caused tension as involvement in the First World War was seen to be causing the majority of the problems Russia was experiencing internally. The February Revolution saw a largely bloodless transfer of power from the Tsar. The regime that came into being was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted to instigate political reform, creating a democratically elected executive and constituent assembly.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Russian Revolution and Europe in 1920-1930's
The main cause was the change in thinking of the people. Thus uprising took place and the new government was formed under the Bolshevik party. This showed that the idea of changing the society in the people's mind for their rights.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Russian Revolution
r Revolution that took place in November 1917.The February Revolution was triggered by the massive street demonstrations that had neither political bases nor strategic plan by any group. The military mutiny in that period led to the demonstrations being uncontrollable and the
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Russia Revolution
It also had Muslims and Jews populations and other groups of dwellers (Beckwith 107). The emperor framed on a policy of Russification that implied tsar advocated adoption of Russian customs and applied Russian language by all residents.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Russian Revolution, 2nd ed., by Sheila Fitzpatrick for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us