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its political ideology and practices were in large part a result of the Cold War which froze Soviet society in a manner that was both “defensive” and “repressive”. For the most part revisionists argue that the characterization of the Soviet Union as a totalitarian empire was a mere matter of the West and particularly the US labeling its post-war enemy.
It is submitted that there are certainly periods in Soviet history in which intermittent and often protracted reigns of terror accurately present the Soviet Union as a totalitarian empire. The Bolshevik reign of terror from 1918 -1922 under Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin’s authoritarian rule from 1922-1953 were inescapably totalitarian in nature. However, to carry over Bolshevism and Stalinism over to Communism is unfair and does not accurately depict the true nature of the Soviet Union as an empire as a whole. In other words, under Bolshevism and Stalinism, it is accurate to describe the Soviet Union as a totalitarian empire. However, in the post-Stalin era and up to the Cold War, it is largely incorrect to characterize the Soviet Union as a totalitarian empire and any such label may be largely self-serving. This paper demonstrates this conclusion by analyzing the totalitarian and revisionist debates on the issues.
The theory of totalitarianism first emerged during the 1930s and the 1940s and encapsulated a Western ideology of “the total state” and was largely used to characterize the dictatorships of Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin. From the Western perspective, Hitler’s Nazi Germany and Stalin’s Communist Soviet Union epitomized the totalitarian state.
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How and why did the collapse of the Soviet Union change the meaning of the West? The collapse of the Soviet Union represented the largest coupe of the western hemisphere, specifically the United States which had engaged in a “cold war” with this nation for close to 50 years.
The Soviet Union underwent a rapid collapse in the late twentieth century which was inevitable due to the policies and conditions that Russia was undergoing in these times. After the World War II the Soviet Union turned out to be a super power which was becoming a threat for the United States
The author concludes the article by pointing out that collapse of the Soviet Union at the beginning of 1990s is related to the intellectual and moral uprising from the side of the mass. Within this context, the policies implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev (Glasnost and Perestroika) accelerated the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Breakup of the Soviet Union. The collapse of USSR was one of the most happening events of the past century. A great superpower and one of the biggest countries of the world disintegrated into fifteen different countries in the year 1991. The collapse of USSR was a victory of democracy over totalitarianism and capitalism over socialism.
It has become a point of contention with different views being expressed by historians and politicians around the world. It is therefore very important to gain a better understanding of the three aspects of governance before relating the concepts to the Soviet State.
It is worth noting that even despite lifting the censorship, the book market was highly affected by economic and political chaos leading into several book printing industry falling and eventually reducing the number of printed books. Nevertheless, detective stories and thrillers have turned out to be very successful in the 1990s and a decade later, Boris Akunin’s 19th century sleuth became very popular.
Amongst these the most important one was the Soviet Union (Ottawa, 1980). The Soviet Union had also undergone a transformation in those days as the last tsar ruler had been toppled in 1917 and had been replaced by Lenin. Then delegation from Afghanistan was given a very positive response and Moscow recognized and accepted the new country and at the same time offered help and assistance for progress newly born state.
It will be really myopic to understand the Soviet decline in a narrow perspective of the Cold War era, when in fact their existed a plethora of other credible reasons like a trend towards the democratization of the global politics and an exponential growth of the capitalistic economies at that time (Dukes, 1993).
The most ravaging catastrophe occurred in East of the Europe where the strongest dictators of the world were at daggers drawn. The two leaders, Adolf Hitler ruling Nazi Germany and Stalin’s dominating Soviet Union,
Communism was not so popular in Czechoslovakia. There were stronger socialist parties, and the communist parties faded away with time because they were subservient to the Russians. There was also a determination for Czech to be an
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