This paper gives a brief overview of the history of Chile, gives emphasis to that period when Chile was under military dictatorship that lasted for sixteen and a half years after the years which needed much reform. …
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In terms of population, it has a huge population given its size, and it dominates in terms of agriculture. For Chile to have accomplished what it has accomplished to this far, there has been history that will not be forgotten soon. Chile was under military dictatorship that lasted for sixteen and a half years after the years which needed much reform. The years after 1973, (1973-1990), were characterized by military dictatorship that saw people lose their lives while some went missing. Today, Chile is one of the stable nations that are prosperous. In the 1960s and 1970s, Chile experienced social and economic problems that needed reform (Collier, Simon and William, 102).
An economic depression was worsened by capital flight, which also led to the plummeting of private investments. Production fell, and the level of unemployment rose. Chile’s import strategy was faced with an overvaluation of the domestic currency. The prices of agricultural products began decreasing to the point that the government had to intervene in order for there to be regulation. Chile was also faced with an earthquake in 1960 plummeted the economic and social welfare of the people deeper. Public infrastructure was affected the monetary loss was more than anticipated. In addition, present was the social injustice from those who were supposed to be leading. New social groups emerged who pushed for certain reforms. These new social groups differed with leaders about certain conditions, which included the living conditions of people. The major social problems were the issue with the Roman Catholic Church whose political, social and economic affairs were looked at (Collier, Simon and William, 122)....
The Popular Unity government made efforts to reform the economy. It started with initiation of economic transformations which included a program that involved nationalization (nationalization program had legislations, requisitions and involvement of stakeholders), increase in real wages, reduction of inflation, urging of economic growth, increase of product consumption and this was mostly for those who were poor. Another initiative the government took was the reduction of economic independence on the rest of the world. This would lead to a significant increase in the economic value of Chile. Most of these reforms were to be accomplished by boosting the aggregate demand and strict price controls (Collier, Simon and William, 155). The government took over the copper mines and other foreign firms, banks and large estates. In 1971, by a unanimous vote of the Congress, the government rationalized the foreign copper firms. Also in the same period, the government removed the emergency legislation from so as to allow it to take over and control industries without the approval of the congress (Collier, Simon and William, 202). Keynesian measures were applied in order to increase salaries and wages, thus increasing the purchasing power of working and middle classes. Though economically the party was on the path to success, politically, the party leader, Allende faced problems holding his party together. The party also faced different views by the opposing political parties, but still managed to make and maintain ties with other nations (Allende, 154). The Pinochet regime sought to repress women and had neoliberal economic and social policies that had a negative effect on the poor. The Chilean military overthrew the Popular Unity government in a violent coup. During the
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The 1973 Chilean coup was a situation that was based on economic turmoil, which rocked the country. It was further perpetuated by political upheavals that were partly due to objection of Allende’s rule. Apart from the internal conflicts that rocked the country, there was also a lot of pressure that came from external powers.
Perhaps his success can partly be attributed to the cult of personality around him and partly because of his wife. His wife Eva Duarte rose from being a singer into becoming Peron’s mistress while serving as a military officer. Peron married her before rising to presidency.
Another important measure to be taken is that of providing professional help of psychologists to the families who are going through this difficult time. It is important for keeping them in healthy mental states (“Trapped Chilean Miners”, 2010) so that they can learn different coping strategies to survive in this stressful time and also can prepare themselves to accept and deal with whatever is hidden for them in the near future
Four months into office, the mining disaster struck so intensively that it drew the attention of the entire world. The new minister had a vast experience as a corporate chief executive of a well doing retail firm in South Africa. He however had very little expertise in the new post he was appointed (Lenard 2-5).
The strategies and the rivalry prevailing among the wine producers in the Chilean wine markets are also important for analysing the Chilean wine industry. The level of competition in the Chilean wine industry in quite healthy in nature that has the objective of producing quality wine products for supplying to the customers in domestic and foreign markets.
Considering the families case, the initial concern would be the state and the conditions of their loved ones although in this case, the condition of the victims were unknown because they were trapped for two weeks. Unrelatedly, the nature of the news would have necessitated the presence of at least some counselors that may comfort the families (Crenshaw, 2013).
In the contrast, we also find many instances revealing a profound impact of the political scenarios on the culture of the society, including the music and poetry. The Chilean New Song movement is also one of those instances of the human history where the poetry is not only
It will further look at the nature of products the organization specializes in as well as other structural aspects of the organization (Amy et al 2).
The San Jose mine is aged over 100 years old. The mine got