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Totalitarianism: Reasons Why Human Dignity Need a New Guarantee - Essay Example

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This study "Totalitarianism: Reasons Why Human Dignity Need a New Guarantee" intends to understand why human dignity needs a new political guarantee as proposed by Hannah Arendt and what necessitates the need. Arendt insists that a new guarantee is necessary so as to ascertain human dignity…
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Totalitarianism: Reasons Why Human Dignity Need a New Guarantee
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Totalitarianism: Reasons Why Human Dignity Need a New Guarantee

Download file to see previous pages... The concern of Arendt arose from the increased number of refugees in liberal democratic state of Europe over the time. The sovereign authority in the state embraced universal individual rights and national sovereignty. However, the sovereign states restricted people from acquiring citizenship or the right to entry into her territories. This is a contradiction of the liberal state’s sovereignty and universalism and thus denying citizenship to person or group of people or turning away refugees of other states is a wrong principle. She argues that such rights cannot be realized without the state acknowledgment to sovereign power and that a relationship abides between the state rights and individual rights. Refugees are thus the resultant product when the state rights and individual rights conflict.The problem of statelessness would be solved by the creation of one universal law consisting of one human right and allow citizens to belong to a specific political community, according to Arendt. She argued that the only way to understand the contradictions and failures of the current political thought and practice is by evaluating the experiences of the victims or those who lack the rights and those with nonexistent and marginal regal status.In the evaluation of the lives or experiences by the victims, Arendt found out that there are three major concerns that need be evaluated. She found out that there were confrontations between the sovereignty of the people and the individual sovereignty in the liberal political theory....
Lack of a physical place to live in and settle defines the refugee state to a large extent. However, other aspects also come in handy such as the deprivation of an individual right to action and to freedom of opinion. The collective sum of the modern displacement and the degradation are what Arendt terms as “wordlessness”. She sighted the remedy to the state of wordlessness as being embedded on the need to revisit the foundations of ethics of human rights especially at such a time as this when liberal policies on natural rights have lost credibility; understanding the incompatibility of national sovereignty with civic responsibility and human dignity, as well as the importance of the citizens to understand their right in affording political empowerment. The concern of Arendt arose from the increased number of refugees in liberal democratic state of Europe over the time. The sovereign authority in the state embraced universal individual rights and national sovereignty. However, the sovereign states restricted people from acquiring citizenship or the right to entry into her territories. This is a contradiction of the liberal state’s sovereignty and universalism and thus denying citizenship to person or group of people or turning away refugees of other states is a wrong principle. She argues that such rights cannot be realized without the state acknowledgement to sovereign power and that a relationship abides between the state rights and individual rights. Refugees are thus the resultant product when the state rights and individual rights conflict (Arendt p. 267-270). The problem of statelessness would be solved by the creation of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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