The American Revolution The causes of American Revolution are many and varied. The French and Indian war acted as the catalyst for the American Revolution as Britain suffered huge financial burden in spite of winning the war. The imperial policies and taxations that aimed at amassing revenue for this financial debt met strong opposition from the American colonists and this triggered the revolution…
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Even though the Great Awakening was a reaction to the Enlightenment it also emphasized on individual freedom, equality and questioning spirit. It can also be seen that the enlightenment thoughts and the spirit of the great awakening also helped the Americans to form a shared common identity and culture which kept them united amidst crippling governmental policies. This paper seeks to explore the major causes of American Revolution and in doing so the paper evaluates how the effects of French and Indian war, philosophies of enlightenment and great awakening, American culture and identity, and imperial policies and taxations after 1783 have contributed towards the great rebellion. Effects of French and Indian War A probe into history clearly demonstrates that the huge financial burden that Britain suffered in spite of winning the French and Indian war was the starting point that triggered the American Revolution. The seven years’ war came to an end with the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763 whereby France was forced to yield Canada to Britain in return for Guadeloupe and Martinique. Even though Britain and its allies were victorious the long war plunged Britain into great financial debt. As pointed out by Hickman, it was “in an effort to alleviate these financial burdens, the government in London began exploring various options for raising revenues” (Hickman) and this resulted in a number of colonial policies and legislations among American colonies. Thus, “the revolution was caused primarily by the mercantile policy by means of which Great Britain sought to monopolize the trade of her colonies for the benefit of the people of the home country” (Johnson/hist Commerce V1123). With this view in mind, the British parliament imposed a number of legislations and taxations on the American colonists. Some of the major acts, in this respect, consist of the Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act of 1764, the Currency Act of 1764, the Quartering Act of 1765, the Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Acts of 1770, the Tea Act of 1773, and the intolerable Acts of 1774. All these acts curtailed the liberty of the colonists and made their life miserable. These colonial policies not only created unrest and dissatisfaction but also caused a sense of unity and identity among the colonists under the revolutionary leaders. Effects of Philosophies of the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening The philosophies of the enlightenment and the great awakening contributed immensely to the American War of Independence. Many of the revolutionary leaders got inspired by the Enlightenment philosophical ideas of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Montesquieu and it is from these enlightenment leaders that they imbibed “the concepts of the social contract, limited government, the consent of the governed, and separation of powers” (Kelly). The political theories and principles of the colonial leaders were strongly rooted in the postulations of these European enlightenment leaders. This has been pointed out by Wilson and Reill when the authors observe that the intellectual strands of the Enlightenment thinkers are “merged in the works of writers such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, Samuel Adams, Richard Price, and Joseph Priestley to create theoretical support for
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In additional, the revolution changed the great political structure and the social aspects especially on the status of women and slavery1. During the timeline of the American Revolution, slavery was an established national institution, especially in the southern states.
What were the advantages and disadvantages that each side had in the Revolution and what was the main turning point for the Patriots? Introduction American Revolution was a rebellious war that was fought in April 1775 between the Great Britain and thirteen American colonies.
In that year there were 25,000 slaves that arrived. The number of slaves that were brought to America continued to grow rapidly through the years such that they were well over 567,000 slaves owned by the Americans by 1775. By that time the numbers of slaves had grown to such a number that they outgrew the number of white convict labor, their only real competition in terms of being free labor that didn’t have to be paid for.
The American Revolution started in 1775 due to open conflict amongst the united thirteen colonies and the Great Britain. During the American Revolution, the British soldiers, together with American patriots battled at Lexington, Massachusetts, as well as in the nearby Concord.
This essay discusses that Virginia has truly been one of the vital forces that made the American Revolution possible. Virginia’s case before, during, and after the Revolution is unique due the irony of its approach toward independence: the people of Virginia sought independence from Great Britain but they also wanted to retain its relationship with the mother country.
However, in writing that history, it is easy to assume that the colonists won the war entirely on their own. Certainly their use of different tactics helped, as did their passion for their cause, but they were not entirely independent even in fighting for their independence.
The author states that in 1765, the American society rejected the decision by parliament to impose taxes on them, without any elected representation. These taxes were brought about by two laws passed by parliament. These laws were introduced because of the desire of the British Empire to pay the expenses of the French and the Indian wars.
The first settlers of America were called the Native Americans. Before America became a colony of the Europeans, Native Americans already have their own civilization which included their own system of irrigation and other agriculture-related techniques. One of the famous civilizations that influenced the history of America was the Aztec civilization, which was considered as one of the largest cities at that time.1 However, when the America had been discovered by Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1942, everything started to change.
The American Revolution led to the growth of a new nation called the United States of America that was created as a result of the treaty of Paris of 1783 (Allison 30). In 1763, as an aftermath of the treaty leading to the end of French and Indian war, France lost its military might to the American colonies and all North American possessions located on the East side of the Mississippi River with the exclusion of two islands in Newfoundland.
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