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Essay for the book Candide 2 - Research Paper Example

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Name: Course: Name of professor: Date: Optimism Satire in Voltaire’s book Candide Voltaire1 in his book “Candide” creates a virtual image of the eighteenth century Europe by creating somehow imaginary characters he makes to portray the reality of religion and political battle that underlies the struggle for power at the time…
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Research Essay for the book Candide 2
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Essay for the book Candide 2

Download file to see previous pages... (Donald) In order to continue surviving in Europe, the people are forced to overlook the kind of cruelty that they have been subjected to and to assume the temporality of nature’s occurrences3. According to Dieckmann, Voltaire uses satire to bring out this school of thought that sharply emerges in the eighteenth century Europe as a means of coping with the pains of life. This paper will examine how Voltaire has used satire in his book to portray optimism, a philosophical view of the eighteenth century to overlook some of the horrors of the period. Such an analysis will consider superstition, the tyranny of organized religion, the tyranny of political leadership, war, diseases (especially the sexually transmitted diseases), and the cruel punishment inflicted on the innocent civilian Europeans by religion and political leadership in the eighteenth century Europe. 4 The main character in this book “Candide5” is portrayed as a man of sufficient determination amidst disillusionment in the entire book. His life is described from a premature background as struggling to chart his destiny despite the many pitfalls on his way. Candide is said to have been forced to join the Bulgarian army when found lost. He is then found taking a walk and accused of deserting the army and he is court-martialed. The judgment passed on Candide is rather terrible and can only take a daring man to choose either one or the other. The two options left for him to choose are executed or running the gauntlet, which entails running in the middle of two lines of men (soldiers), instructed to strike him with weapons. (Davis) This he does twice and after the second turn, his body is highly mutilated and is only pardoned when the king finds out that Candide is a meta-physician and is therefore ignorant of the world. Here, Voltaire builds up a contention in the Bulgars camp to portray the kind of persecution that goes on in the army. The sufferings of Candide begin just at the moment he is indoctrinated into the Bulgars’ army. He is forced to undergo several episodes of the terrible ordeals as part of the initiation and disciplinary measures for a successful life of a deserving soldier. Despite all this, Candide still holds to Pangloss’6 teachings that all happens for the best of life that is to come. As such, he asserts, “no things can be otherwise as they are; for as all things have been created for some end, they must necessarily be created for the best end.” (Dieckmann) This is the meta-physical belief that is held by Candide even as he undergoes the sufferings in the army. Grobe argues that, the hope that all will end and that human sufferings are designed for some future goodies is the only spirit that drives Candide and enables him to endure the suffering and afflictions he undergoes in Bulgaria. (Grobe) The sufferings and endurance of Candide in the camp is used just to symbolize the kind of bullying that was going on in most of the army camps in the European countries of the eighteenth century versus the belief they held while enduring those atrocities. A hope that all are geared towards a better future which is yet to come, that the troubles they are subjected to by the authorities only help to pave the way for the good ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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