We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

McCarthyism - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
McCarthyism and the Second Red Scare Name Instructor Class Date The world had just emerged from the dark days of the Second World War. Widespread fear of foreign governments and ideologies were still at a heightened state in the U.S. Nearly every person had been personally and deeply affected by the horrors inflicted by a foreign menace…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
McCarthyism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
McCarthyism

Download file to see previous pages... Americans were shaken and afraid. The Soviet sweeping occupation of Eastern Europe occurred immediately following WWII. In effect, Russia replaced Germany and Japan as the American nemesis. The “Godless Communists” became a clear and present danger to a nation primed, ready and seemingly anxious to accept the Soviets as the new enemy of the “American Way.” Senator Joseph McCarthy seized upon this fear for, some would insist, purely political gain. He held hearings designed to weed-out subversives and communist sympathizers so as to keep America clean of communism. Instead, this time in history, the early 1950’s, is shamefully known as McCarthyism, a term that has since become a synonym for “witch hunt.” When World War II finally ended in 1945 Americans were war-weary and scared of a new threat, the Soviet Union. The Soviets had taken the place of Germany in the hearts and minds of Americans because it was emulating the aggressive, imperialistic tendencies of the Third Reich. The difference being the Soviets now had a military that more or less matched the strength of the U.S., was a larger country and had a long-established communist philosophy which it was also spreading rapidly throughout Eastern Europe. The Soviets also had the atomic bomb by 1949 and was increasing its rocket capabilities, a move than would ultimately pit the two world superpowers in the space race of the late 1950’s through the1960’s. The threat of nuclear annihilation and/or a communist takeover was very real in the minds of 1940’s-50’s America. The sales of backyard bomb shelters were booming and the propaganda machines left over from the Nazi era was in full production mode. Communists, known simply as “Reds” were feared and thought to be lurking just about anywhere, the guy in the office next to yours, neighbors, long-term friends and family. Communist theories were supposedly hiding within the meanings of literary phrases and all types of media including the news. “A curious process of symbolic transference was at work whereby symbols applied to Hitlerite Germany were projected onto the USSR on account of the dangerous ‘Red Fascism’ promoted by Stalin” (Sproule, 208). This era was not the first threat of communism in America. The initial wave of “commie” paranoia came in 1917 after the Russian Revolution. Anti-communist sentiment subsided during the 1920 and ‘30’s when it was replaced by anti-fascism. The “Second Red Scare” lasted from about 1947 to 1957. McCarthyism and anti-communist sentiments could not have gained traction without the high intensity propaganda campaign encouraged by the government to discourage subversives and by corporations in their effort to undermine unions. R.J. Reynolds, a large tobacco company, initiated a widespread multi-million dollar campaign to notify the country about the communistic character of labor unions, particularly the union representing tobacco workers. This tactic caught on rapidly with other industries resulting in plummeting union membership numbers across the country for several decades. This effort continues today but the fear-based term is now “socialism.” The U.S. and Soviet Union were firmly engaged in what is famously known as the Cold War. It was a fought on two fronts, a mass military build-up and a propaganda blitz. During this time of the second red scare, many local and state governments along with public schools and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Cold War and McCarthyism
Paired with political pressure to root out Soviet spies in the government,the Red Scare erupted and played out in scenes all over the country.The interaction of this public force with the arts community of Hollywood,however,produced the most interesting social dynamic of the whole Red Scare experience.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Second Red Scare
Following the Russian Revolution is the establishment of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA). During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union agreed to the Russo-American friendship to create a firm and unified facade against the Axis Powers.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
McCarthy, Murrow and the Use of Media
Furthermore, many experts are sure that this politics influenced the future of American people greatly. The senator was very skilled in the area of public relations and could use the media in his own interests. He successfully played with the contradictory feelings people had towards communism.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Discuss red scare or mccarthyism
Of course, the assault on constitutional and civil liberties (that Americans have always cherished) launched by Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1940s and the early 1950s in the name of fighting Communists within the United States was the worst, but by no means either the first or the only, aberration that Americans have had to endure.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Political Climate in the 1950s
Therefore when Senator McCarthy said that he had proof of communist people have penetrated the governmental ranks, there was an overnight commotion to find these people and remove them from their current jobs. [5] [6] McCarthyism had a huge impact on the whole American society, politics and culture.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The Policy of Deportation and Detention in Greece and the UK
Seeking to explore European immigration policies with respect to asylum seekers and refugees in comparative perspective, I propose to analyze the policies of deportation and detention in Greece and the United Kingdom, respectively. European immigration is an important issue which is receiving more and more attention in light of global economic.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Proposal
McCarthyism
hyism lasted from the late 1940s to 1950s which was typified by weighty fears of communist influence on American institutions and spying by top Russian espionage agents (Chapter 27, p. 815). Originally formed only to criticize the anti-communist motions of U.S. Republican
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Un-American
This decade was widely regarded as the ‘Fabulous Fifties,’ or the ‘Golden Age’ of American history. The traditional concept of ‘American’ underwent a transformation. The 1950’s witnessed sea changes in American political ideology, civil rights, and
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
The cold war
On March 12, 1947, in a speech delivered by President Harry Truman in a Congressional session, he committed America to provide full assistance to the populace in
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
A. The Cold War affected many aspects of American life beyond foreign policy. How did the Cold War shape the politics, economy, society and culture of the US during the period between 1947 and 1953 (Dont limit yourself to McCarthyism.)
The following essay depicts the positive changes which occurred after the war in the United States, politically, socially, and economically. Economically, after the Cold War the United States experienced a strikingly rapid growth in its economy. The rapid growth of the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic McCarthyism for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us