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Other historians emphasize that the events that took part in Australia at that particular point in time cannot be forgotten not in the decades to come since the suffering that the Australian women went through is almost unheard of. This work shall aim at conducting an intense research on the sufferings that women went through in the era of colonization; thereafter comparing it with that of men, and taking a stand that the women actually went through immense suffering. In the research conducted by Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand Conference, Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand (2001) the period of colonization in Australia saw the breeding of slaves in the form of women, as compared to wives, as nature depicts. Additionally, a huge percentage of women at that time were reduced to prostitutes especially in the first fifty years of colonization. In specific dates, the period between 1788–1840 marked women as mere prostitutes to the colonizers (Daniels, 1998; Robson, 1993). This was based on the fact that all women that had been transported to Britain were mere slaves and objects of the colonizers. In light to this argument, therefore, the colonizers justified themselves as having the full right and obligation to do what they wanted with the women of that particular period of time. Under the punitive colony of the time, the white women were categorized as convicts of the time; as well as the social stratification of the time subjected the women to such tough circumstances. In fact, the concept of women being slaves and objects of the time became a stereotype. The same was applied to a great percentage of women who were transported to the colony at that particular time. With this change of status of women being free beings to objects, the extent of suffering on them under the punitive colony can simply not be interpreted in words, but in the feeling one gets as they browse through the films and works of historians of the time. In the research conducted by Barker and Chalus (2005), the convicts that were transported to Australia comprised 11% of women. The women have been indicated to perform numerous jobs like needlework, worked as maids for the masters, servants amongst other factors. The conditions in which these women worked were not appealing at all. Having been conversant with these skills, the women were expected to work at odd hours of the day and night so as to always please the colonial masters. Worse still, the women were expected to adapt to the environmental conditions in their new homes, no matter how difficult it was for majority of the women. In contrast to 89% of the men who arrived in Australia, the 11% cannot be ignored especially being the women subjected to hard labor and torture (Damousi, 1997). Generally, the women were simply stacked together like boxes and regarded as whores who were useless. The term being stamped and repeated in the history of Australia means that the extent of torture and degradation of the women was indeed not to be ignored. By 1841, studies indicate that the number of female convicts stood at over three thousand as compared to that of twenty eight thousand. In comparison to the 188 convict females in 1788, and 529 males, it is evident that the number of women convicts increased as much as that of the men (Daniels, 1998). The women are indicated to suffer twice as much as that of the men, with the demand for their services augmenting. In the colonies, there existed factories run by women. This is yet evidence that explains women
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The convicts have their perceptions concerning privacy and hope to see their rights to privacy increased beyond current levels in most correction facilities. This paper presents the case of privacy as perceived by juvenile convicts. Table of Contents Juvenile Convicts and their Expectation of Privacy Introduction A juvenile is also any person under the age of eighteen and above the age of ten who is not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts (Lawrence, 2003).
In the novel, however, these traditional gender roles are reversed in a male mental ward where women become the power figures who control male patients. With this scenario, emasculation of men is highlighted as a way of maintaining order in the mental institution.
Punishment is supposed to deter criminals from repeating their offenses, but at present, many prisoners continue going back to prison cells. Clearly, imprisonment is not the best and only method of deterring crimes in the long run. Society only stops these people from committing crimes by locking them up, but it does not prepare and mold them into becoming law-abiding and productive citizens.
Similarly, there need to involve other related bodies concerning the issue of setting of standards for both male and female students (Engelstad & Teigen 114). Alternatively, it is essential to involve the students in terms of their opinions on pertinent matters concerning quotas.
Gender roles are a long debated topic among theorists. Carl Jung, a student of Freud, proposed several theories on the roles of men and women in dreams. He believed that the themes of myths are repeated universally in different versions and that these themes are also evident in human dreams, supporting his theory of archetypes.
However, the phenomenon was not only in American colonies but world over as slavery began with ancient civilization. Forsythe noted that “by the beginning of nineteenth century, three-quarters of all people alive were trapped in bondage against their will."1The slaves
The ovarian cycle, as such, is the cycle that an oocyte takes during its maturity, an eruption from the ovary and traveling down to the oviduct and eventually to the uterus. This lasts for average twenty-eight days. The released egg will align itself to the uterine cycle where the lining of the uterus grows in preparation for the fertilization of an embryo.
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