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Is It Right the Election of Governors/Heads of States (in Austria Political System) by Public in the Future - Essay Example

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Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: Do you think it is right the election of governors / heads of states (in Austria political system) by public in the future? Evaluate this argument positive and negative sides include your opinion. Introduction The political system in Austria became a model of stability since the restoration of democracy in 1945…
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Is It Right the Election of Governors/Heads of States (in Austria Political System) by Public in the Future
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"Is It Right the Election of Governors/Heads of States (in Austria Political System) by Public in the Future"

Download file to see previous pages After the postwar period, the politics of Austria appeared unique in many aspects. From 1945 to 1966, the country came under a grand coalition rule, which comprised of the two key parties that included the Austrian People’s Party and the Socialist Party of Austria. Austria is a federation consisting of nine provinces, each led by a provincial government, which a Governor heads (Sully1990, p. 38). Discussion To some extent, the Austrian government system models that of the United States. For instance, in terms of delegation of powers of the legislature and executive, power is divided equally among the states just like in the United States. The federal constitution of Austria, which came into being in 1920, also models the United States governance structure. The legislative assembly of Austria comprises of the bicameral parliament, with one house holding legislative authority known as the National Council. One hundred and eighty three members of this house include members of the party and hold office for a term of four years. The other house consists of the Federal Council, which comprises of four members whose election is carried out by the state legislature. The Federal Council plays the role of reviewing legislation, with the legislation passing through the National assembly before its enactment. The people of Austria elect their president for a presidential term, which lasts for six years. The president presides over the session of the parliament; in some instances, the president has the powers to dissolve the members of parliament. The Federal Chancellor and Vice-chancellor conduct the affairs of the government (Sully1990, p. 40). In the Austrian political system, it is crucial for the public to be involved in the election of the heads states for a number of reasons. The positive impacts of the involvement of the public in the election of the head of state and governors cannot be belittled. The participation of the public in the election of governors and the heads of states in the future will enhance democracy. In Article 1 of the Constitution of Austria, the country is defined as a democratic republic whose laws come from the people. As such, the involvement of the people in the electoral process can be regarded as the most vital act in the political decision making of the nation. The public participation in the election of the head of state and governors heralds an exercise of their democratic right. This will ensure that the constitution does not infringe the rights of the people of Austria. It is also right the election of heads of state as well as the governors be elected by public in the future since each of the provinces in Austria has its constitution. The constitution of each of the provinces prescribes how the government of the province will be organized. Governors and councilors should be elected by the provincial legislature. In each of the provinces, the public should have the mandate to elect the governors who will represent the entire province. This will ensure that the elected leaders represent the will of the people and they are not appointed by the provincial legislature. Governors should be persons elected by the public; this will ensure that they can be held accountable for their actions by the electorate (Gunter 1993, p. 55). Another reason why the election of t ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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