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Contemporary American Politics: Compare the BP Oil Spill and Santa Barbara Oil Spill of 1969 - Essay Example

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Contemporary American Politics: Compare the BP Oil Spill and Santa Barbara Oil Spill of 1969 Two of the major oil spills that have occurred in the course of history included the BP Oil spill in 2010, also known as the Deepwater Oil Spill, and the Santa Barbara Oil Spill in 1969…
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Contemporary American Politics: Compare the BP Oil Spill and Santa Barbara Oil Spill of 1969
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Contemporary American Politics: Compare the BP Oil Spill and Santa Barbara Oil Spill of 1969

Download file to see previous pages... It is widely regarded as one of the largest accidental marine oil spills in the petroleum industry. This spill was basically initiated from a sea-floor oil gusher that was triggered from the 20th April 2010 explosion of Deepwater Horizon, which was drilled onto the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. This particular explosion caused the demise of 11 men working on the platform and also resulted in 17 people getting injured. The overflowing well head was capped on 15th July, 2010 after it had discharged a good 4.9 million barrels of crude oil. It was estimated that 53,000 barrels were discharged from the well before it was capped. However, it was also perceived that the consistent flow declined with time, i.e. starting at about 62,000 barrels per day and declining with time when the reservoir containing hydrocarbons feeding the gusher became exhausted. The relief well process was successfully executed on 19th September 2010 and the Federal Government announced the well as effectively dead. 1 In August, 2011, the oil and oil sheen which covered a broad expanse of water was reported as not surfacing from BP’S Macondo well. There was scientific research conducted, which verified that oil is a chemical match for Maconodo 252. The spill wreaked widespread damage and chaos in both the marine and wildlife habitats and also in the Gulf’s fishing and tourism industries. ...
During late November 2010, around 4200 square miles of the Gulf became re-closed to shrimping after a certain number of tar balls were discovered in the shrimpers’ nets. The amount of area of the Louisiana shoreline affected by the oil spill increased from 287 miles (462 km) in July to around 320 miles, i.e. almost 510 km in late November 2010. During January 2011, it was reported by an oil spill commissioner that tar balls are continuing to remain washed up; there are trails of oil sheen which are spotted in the wake of fishing boats, and wetlands marsh grass continues to decay and gives off a foul stench. Furthermore, it was discovered that crude oil essentially lies off shore in very deep water and in fine slits and sands offshore. The Santa Barbara Oil Spill took place in January and February in the year of 1969 in the Santa Barbara Channel, near the eminent city of Santa Barbara in the region of Southern California. After its occurrence, it was speculated as the largest oil spill in the United State Waters and is now considered as the third largest oil spill after the Deepwater Horizon spill in 2010 and the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989. It also regarded as the largest oil spill to have taken place in the waters off California. The spill is said to have occurred primarily due to a blow-out on 28th January, 1969, i.e. an estimated 10 kilometers away from the coast on Union Oil’s platform. Within a period of 10 days, an approximated 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oil leaked into the Channel with additional leaking taking place on the beach of Santa Barbara in Southern California. This basically formulates the coastline from two major places, Goleta to Ventura ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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