The Life and Achievements of Mao Zedong Introduction Mao Tse-tung Zedong a Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier and later a political leader was born on 26 December 1893 in a peasant family in Shaoshan within Hunan province. Positively or negatively, Mao was the most influential leader of the 20th Century…
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He attended a village school and gained basic education subsequent to going back to toil in the fields. His father wanted him to marry at 14 years, Mao Tse-tung was too ambitious, and he declined (Cheek Web). He left home when around 16 years and joined a secondary school in Changsha to accomplish his passion for education. The revolution of 1911against the Qing government erupted while he was 17 years. The revolution, which Mao supported, resulted in overthrow of Qing dynasty. He later joined and served in the Republican army before resuming his studies at Changsha. The republican government was disorganized and unsuccessful in most of it undertakings (Andrew and Rapp 290-300). Mao graduated from middle school after which he joined Beijing University where he devoted himself to Marxism. He wrote and published journals to advocate for reforms. Still at the University, he met with Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu the initiators of Chinese Communist Party, which he later became the chairperson. While at the university, he developed into a radical intellectual and together with other drastic intellectuals, he pioneered Marxist Theory between 1918 and 1919. After returning to Changsha, he became increasingly affectionate of Russian revolution as well as Marxism (Andrew and Rapp 43). In 1920, he settled in Changsha where he still wrote articles as well as planned labor unions. He also joined Nationalist Party also referred to as Guomingdang (GMD) and worked toward uniting it with CCP hoping to form a solitary nationalist government. However, CPP was growing rampantly and leaders of GMD started causing havoc, which caused execution of some communist leaders leading to a split and great enmity between CPP and GMD. Uprisings between CCP and GMD made Mau flee to mountains in Jiangxi province with his army. He thus became separated from CCP activities as he was more occupied in training his army (Jiang 22). In 1929, Mau together with some CCP leaders formed the Jiangxi Soviet, which was constantly attacked by the anti-communist GMD. In 1934, CPP loyalist matched from Jiangxi Soviet to Shaanxi in the illustrious “Long March” after which Mao was elevated to a higher rank in CPP leadership. In 1943, Mao became the Chairman of Communist Central Committee (Terril 150). During most of this period, Japanese had invaded some parts of China until 1945 after America bombing at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Controversy heightened between CCP and GMD till around 1949 when GMD was defeated, its leader together with it army fled to Taiwan, and Mao launched People’s Republic of China (Cheek Web) From 1966 to 1976, Mao launched Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution with which he activated students to stub out old traditions, which gave rise to chaos. 1n 1972, Mao invited united president Richard Nixon to china, an abysmal action after years of bad Sino- American relations. Mao Tse-tung died at 81 years in 1976. Mao is attributed for several achievements. He is remembered for leading the China’s communist revolution. He was so charismatic that his utterances mobilized million of people. He is termed as the most influential China’s leader of the 20th century who revolutionized china to modern world. Some Chinese frequently criticized the imperialism, which they claimed was undermining the Chinese culture and beliefs (Terril 98). However, Mao worked hard to bring change and civilization in China. His
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“The Life and Achievements of Mao Zedong Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1450792-a-famous-person-in-chinese-history.
This largely began from the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC). This rate of growth and development began during the reign of Mao Zedong whose aim was to make China an independent and important country that was well versed in terms of strategic power.
Other notable contributions he is famed for includes the Great Leap Forward1. Mao Zedong left a mark as one of the twentieth century’s great thinkers whose visionary leadership continues to attract blame and praise in many fields including philosophy and literature.
Part of the controversy surrounding Mao surely stems from the decisions that he made while leader of China that resulted in the execution and starvation of millions of people. Understanding why Mao Zedong would cause these things to happen is easier if we understand who Mao was and what his political beliefs were.
A balanced analysis must recognize the good as well as the bad. This essay will examine how Mao Zedong's leadership may be characterized both positively and negatively.
As an initial matter, from an historical context, Mao was responsible for helping to unify China after a long period of domination and interference from such countries as England, Russia, and Japan.
Mao was born in 1893 in a farming village "Shaoshan". He grew up there and gone to school while helping his father in the fields. Later on, he did the bookkeeping of their family accounts and worked full time on the farm after he left school. Mao at thirteen, like any other healthy adolescent in China, was regarded as having moved from schoolboy status to adulthood.
He supported himself by being a primary-school principal.1
Moving between Shanghai and Changsha in 1919-1920, he picked up jobs and used his energies to read, talk, and write about the revolution. Mao described himself as a
It is because of many roles he played that his name is still famous to date. Though Zedong made some massive mistakes, he played a huge role in ensuring that China was not only a corruption free nation but also no