In the EU,national parties as elected representatives make decisions on a national level.On the EU level,European party groups are elected to the European Parliament.They make decisions with regard to questions concerning the EU…
Download file to see previous pages...
They make decisions with regard to questions concerning the EU. The dominant theoretical political system in the EU is the responsible party system, where parties all have their own agenda, thus providing the voters with a plethora of choices. Voters engage in free and fair elections and choose a party based on its past or future performance. In spite of the responsible party system governing the decisions of European voters, the European party groups are loosely connected like – minded parties with allegiance to own countries (McElroy & Benoit, 2008). Moreover, voters only associate with national parties on the EU level. They observe the performance of national parties with regard to their country. Though political cohesion has increased since 1979, a common European identity needs to be developed. Democratic systems in the EU member countries are based on the responsible party system. Such a system is based on three main conditions: political parties provide a set of different alternatives offered to the voters, voters choose among these alternatives and base their decision on the past performance of the party, or prospects for future success and lastly, elections are free and fair (Marsh & Norris, 1997, p.154). Through this mechanism, preferences of the voters and actions of the government are connected. This system is also called “the representation from above” (Marsh & Norris, 1997, p.154). ...
The seven parties are: Christian Democrats (EPP) with 265 seats, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats with 184 seats, Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with 84 seats, Group of the Greens with 55 seats, European Conservatives and Reformists Group with 54 seats, Confederal of the European United Left with 35 seats, Europe of Freedom and Democracy Group with 32 seats and 27 seats were won by the non attached politicians (EPP, n.d.). EPP won the majority seats in EP, by having won in Hungary, Bulgaria, France, Italy, Romania and Poland (EPP, n.d.). All of these countries have national political parties present in the EPP (EPP, n.d.). Party cohesion is important. New political party group members must adhere to the party platform (McElroy & Benit, 2008, p.4). For example, the Rules of procedure of the ALDE group explicitly state that new members must follow the 10 point program for Europe of the ALDE Group (McElroy & Benoit, 2008, p.4). MEPs are given voting instructions by party groups. If they deviate from the party line, they are punished by the European party group they belong to (McElroy & Benoit, 2008, p.4). Demotion or expulsion are some of the tools European party groups use to punish deviators who try to promote national party interests in conflict with the European party group objectives (McElroy & Benoit, 2008, p.4). According to Hix, Noury and Roland (2007), only 6.6 percent MEPs voted against their own European party group policy platform in the 1999 – 2004 EP (p.170). They also analyzed almost 15,000 recorded votes by individual MEPs in the first five elected Parliaments between 1979 and 2004. Their results were that
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Germany after post-reunification became a democratic post-national state in comparison to its peers in Europe and the global arena. Germany as a country was strongly founded on states confederation referred to as the European Union (EU).
The main aim of fascism was to eliminate those influences, which were perceived as foreign; however, they did not fit the current political, cultural and ancestral ideologies. Therefore, this history and science paper on fascism in Europe shall analyze the various aspects of fascism in Europe.
Tom Aquinas: The pictures of city, democracy and citizenship are not just symbols but organizations on the way to which we moreover adjust (or else are continually aggravated to adjustment) our judgments and performances concerning the political system. The query of what it entails to be political is forever sloping in the direction of these descriptions that have been composed as not purely factual or fake other than as incontrovertible situations of being political.
Before, the electoral process was disorganized and haphazard. It was difficult to separate politics from the electoral body at the time (Dyck 2011, 35).1 Voting in the past, for people of Canada, was very limited. This is because white men were the only people allowed to vote.
According to the report a few presidential elections highlight the apparent conflicting nature of the elections and the unique role of the Electoral College in setting up the American President. The Electoral College has different facilities in place that act as pluses and minuses in the system of democracy.
Viena Congress and the revolution 2.7. Struggle for nationalism 2.7.1. Greek’s independence 2.7.2. Germany 2.7.3. Italy 2.7.4. Britain 2.8. Hindrances to the rise of nationalism 2.9. View of rise of nationalism by abroad 3. Conclusion The rise of nationalism in Europe 1.
As such, the European Union (EU) falls under public international law since it involves different states. This is clearly outlined by the European Union (2013) when it states that “the European Union is based on the rule of law. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries.” As such, this part of the paper seeks to outline the development of the EU and how its operations have contributed to development of international among the member states.
The rightist Freedom Party of Austria (FPO) won 2 seats, a veteran critic of the EU officialdom, Hans-Peter Martin, brought along with him 2 other members of his list to the parliament. In a nutshell more than 1/3rd of voters in Austria cast their votes for parties with a critical approach towards the EU, even though pro-EU, center-right Austrian People's Party (OVP) took the day by ending up with 6 of the country's 17 seats.
William Dunn (British parliamentarian) claims to have first used the term to describe the difference between the EU and the citizens of its member countries. It occurs when the democratic organizations somewhat fall short in their workings according to the principles of democracy.
Power is the authority given to an individual or a certain body to control over others. According to Max Weber’s definition about power, he insinuates that with power any individual or social group can easily access an opportunity despite resistance from others regardless of where the opportunity lies.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic A Dream of One Europe: The European Parliament and the Electoral Democratic System and Power for FREE!