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A Dream of One Europe: The European Parliament and the Electoral Democratic System and Power - Term Paper Example

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In the EU,national parties as elected representatives make decisions on a national level.On the EU level,European party groups are elected to the European Parliament.They make decisions with regard to questions concerning the EU…
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A Dream of One Europe: The European Parliament and the Electoral Democratic System and Power
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Download file to see previous pages They make decisions with regard to questions concerning the EU. The dominant theoretical political system in the EU is the responsible party system, where parties all have their own agenda, thus providing the voters with a plethora of choices. Voters engage in free and fair elections and choose a party based on its past or future performance. In spite of the responsible party system governing the decisions of European voters, the European party groups are loosely connected like – minded parties with allegiance to own countries (McElroy & Benoit, 2008). Moreover, voters only associate with national parties on the EU level. They observe the performance of national parties with regard to their country. Though political cohesion has increased since 1979, a common European identity needs to be developed. Democratic systems in the EU member countries are based on the responsible party system. Such a system is based on three main conditions: political parties provide a set of different alternatives offered to the voters, voters choose among these alternatives and base their decision on the past performance of the party, or prospects for future success and lastly, elections are free and fair (Marsh & Norris, 1997, p.154). Through this mechanism, preferences of the voters and actions of the government are connected. This system is also called “the representation from above” (Marsh & Norris, 1997, p.154). ...
The seven parties are: Christian Democrats (EPP) with 265 seats, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats with 184 seats, Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with 84 seats, Group of the Greens with 55 seats, European Conservatives and Reformists Group with 54 seats, Confederal of the European United Left with 35 seats, Europe of Freedom and Democracy Group with 32 seats and 27 seats were won by the non attached politicians (EPP, n.d.). EPP won the majority seats in EP, by having won in Hungary, Bulgaria, France, Italy, Romania and Poland (EPP, n.d.). All of these countries have national political parties present in the EPP (EPP, n.d.). Party cohesion is important. New political party group members must adhere to the party platform (McElroy & Benit, 2008, p.4). For example, the Rules of procedure of the ALDE group explicitly state that new members must follow the 10 point program for Europe of the ALDE Group (McElroy & Benoit, 2008, p.4). MEPs are given voting instructions by party groups. If they deviate from the party line, they are punished by the European party group they belong to (McElroy & Benoit, 2008, p.4). Demotion or expulsion are some of the tools European party groups use to punish deviators who try to promote national party interests in conflict with the European party group objectives (McElroy & Benoit, 2008, p.4). According to Hix, Noury and Roland (2007), only 6.6 percent MEPs voted against their own European party group policy platform in the 1999 – 2004 EP (p.170). They also analyzed almost 15,000 recorded votes by individual MEPs in the first five elected Parliaments between 1979 and 2004. Their results were that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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