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Oil, Islam and Authoritarianism: Central Asia in Global Politics - Essay Example

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Name Institution Course Instructor Date Oil, Islam and Authoritarianism: Central Asia in Global Politics A common feature in countries, which control vast deposit of natural resources, is the poor performance in the international politics or economy (Busby, et…
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Oil, Islam and Authoritarianism: Central Asia in Global Politics
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Oil, Islam and Authoritarianism: Central Asia in Global Politics

Download file to see previous pages... On the contrary, resource rich nations portray a scenario which seem to suggest that natural resources that these countries command is an impediment to political, economic and social aspects of the country. The intention of this paper is to analyze the degree of impediment created by abundance natural resources in central Asia republics in relation to political, social, and economic development. Political critics attribute civil war to mineral deposits in various nations (Brooks, and Kurtz, 2012:3). Inadequacy of natural resources is one of the factors that social theorist had associated with civil strife, but later development has proved that resource rich nations have poor political structures which suggest influence of natural resources. Citizens of these nations have not been able to enjoy the resources because some communities tend to feel the mining or exploitation of the resources would influence the social welfare of their communities. The notion behind community strife is that natural resource would benefit a given community. The negative ethnicity perpetrated by the argument erodes political structures of these nations. Political growth depends on stability that the nation would enjoy. Politically tumultuous nations have no respect for global structures for political activities. Civil strife undermines efforts that citizens make towards realizing political reforms (Roudik, 2007:143). Researchers have mentioned Central Asian Republics along side countries in central Africa as simmering in civil strive because of the struggle to acquire control of the natural resource. Politics is beneficial if it can uphold standards that enhance respect for human dignity. Events, which undermine human dignity, suggest little respect for political activities. Nations with proper institutional capacity has been able to promote political growth. Social structure largely depends on political gains. Social critics believe that social gains witnessed in countries with limited resource banks are because of political structures, which address the concern of these nations (Buyers, 2003:156). Political structure is a means through which citizens can channel their grievances to their governments. Autocratic political structures with limited room citizens’ contribution dictate the direction that the nation would take in political sphere. Social theories have suggested that some nations, which have rich oil deposits, hamper political efforts geared towards democracy (Busby, et. al. 2005:146). Political development of a nation depends on social influence, which comes from representatives in governments. Oil is one of the factors, which influence policy development in the political sphere. Three distinct areas which natural resource factor influence are modernization, inequality, and effects of government policies. The move to link outcomes of governance to production or reserves of natural resources has been a long study, which intended to explain unequal patterns of development in these nations. Political elites have stake in the oil production or natural resource production. The stake aims at improving the lives of a few people at the expense of the whole nation. Rhetoric of capitalism projects the scenario to capitalistic ideologies, which aim at benefitting a few at the expense of many. The idea behind this social vice is hold power by controlling natural resources that would influence livelihood of the people. For instance, a nation such as Azerbaijan has ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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