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The Cold War Doctrines - Essay Example

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Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Cold War Cold war is the contention that existed between the egalitarian nations led by the United States and the nations led by the Soviet Union (Meiertons 99). Cold war emerged after the Second World War. It was meant to dominate international affairs for several decades, and this led to many excellent crises…
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The Cold War Doctrines
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Download file to see previous pages It was caused by political and economic differences between the United States and the USSR (Posen 98). President Harry S. Truman reigned in the United States during the cold war. He faced a lot of internal challenges during the cold war. The United States faced severe shortages in housing and consumer products, many strikes and widespread dissatisfaction with the level of inflation. Turman used certain tactics to dominate the United States during the cold war. He signed the National Security Act 1947 as part of the world war strategy. He also reorganized armed forces by merging the state of war and the department of the navy into the National Military Establishment. He also created the United States Air Force, CIA and the National Security Council (Bostdorff 28). He used administrative commands to stop ethnic prejudice in the military forces. He dismissed a bunch of communists’ supporters from office by the creation of loyalty checks. He bitterly fought the republican leaders on foreign policy. Through his belief against communism, he protected Turkey, Greece and Iran by making a peaceful solution, not sending United States troops to war, and prevention of soviet penetration. He came up with the Fair Deal program which involved anti-union Taft-Hartley Act and vigorous civil rights program (Bostdorff 14). He also made a commitment to recognize the institution of the state of Israel. This was made to sustain the formation of a motherland for the Jewish people. Turman’s presidency was extremely active in foreign policy, which was containment of Soviet expansion as the cold war unfolded. It is necessary to note that Turman authorized the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs which killed thousands of people in Japan. He used nuclear weapons against Japan as the Japanese government refused the terms of Potsdam Declaration (Bostdorff 160). This made the Japanese surrender on the 14th of August; 1945. The atomic bomb scene was revisited in the cold war and was recognized to have rendered convectional forces largely irrelevant to the modern battlefield. Corruption was a key issue in Turman’s government which runs through individual members of the cabinet and the senior white house staff. He relied distinctly on his cabinet and popularized such phrases as ‘The buck stops here’. Turman initiated the Berlin Airlift. This was a strategy that delivered meals and other supplies using military airplanes to people. Turman also used the strategy of rapid demobilization, which involved sending the veterans home. This policy was primarily financial since it involved funding domestic spending requirements. President Eisenhower was the thirty fourth president of the United States. His presidency was dominated by the cold war which begun during Turman’s reign. He was popular for ending the Korean War and presiding over eight years of peace. He signed peace treaties with South Korea and the republic of China. He expanded the National Security Council which was initiated by president Turman. He was the first president to conduct televised press conferences. Just like Turman he was an anti-communist, and through this, he developed a marketing and armed coalition with the Spain through the Pact of Madrid. Signing the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization alliance, was another strategy to prevent communism. He accepted the principle of containment which sought ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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