quora
Free

French Revolution - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
The French Revolution was a period of social and political changes that had a strong impact not only on France but also on Europe as a whole. The Revolution started in the year 1789 and continued till 1799. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.8% of users find it useful
French Revolution
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"French Revolution"

This paper focuses on the origin and social causes of the revolution. Origin The immediate cause that led to the revolution was bankruptcy of the French government. The participation of the French army in the American Revolutionary War had put a strain on the government’s finance. The expenditure continued to grow at alarming rate due to “costly wars and royal extravagance”1. When the financial crisis became acute, the government called a meeting of the Estates-General, the French Parliamentary body to search for solutions to deal with the problem. The monarchy had no intentions to bring any major changes in the government. Yet, in the following years, the common people along with the “peasants in the countryside” succeeded in destroying the old regime to bring radical changes in the social and political fronts. The meeting was held in May, 1789. The Estates-General had members of all the three Estates of French Society which included the clergy, nobility and the common people. The First and Second Estates had three hundred representatives each while the Third Estate alone was represented by six hundred delegates. When the meeting ended in an unsatisfactory manner, the Third Estate which is comprised of the common people decided to respond in their own way. On June 17, 1789, the Third Estate decided to draw up a constitution. When the representatives of the Third Estate arrived at their meeting place on June 20, they found the door locked. This made them gather in a tennis court to make a vow that “they will continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution” . All these actions were the first steps towards the French Revolution. Since the Third Estate had no legal right to form a constitution, they were soon in trouble because the King supported the First Estate which was consisted of the clergy. However, the revolution could not be stopped because of urban and rural uprisings.Social Causes. Prior to the revolution, the French society was seeped in inequality of rights and privileges. The society was divided into Three Estates. The First Estate was made of the clergy and they were exempted from payment of taxes. They had ownership of almost 10 percent of the land. The Second Estate was made of the nobility and owned almost 30 percent of the land. They held an important position in the society by occupying all the important offices of the government. The French nobility tried to “maintain their monopolistic control over positions in the military, church and the government” (Spielvogel, 357). They enjoyed most of the privileges including exemption from taxation. The Third Estate which was comprised of common people formed the majority of the French population. They were divided by “occupation, level of education and wealth”. The peasants formed the majority of the Third Estate and owned 35 to 40 percent of land. They were obliged to make regular payments to local landlords. They were also made to pay fees for using “village facilities”. There also existed many peasants who had almost no land to support themselves. There was also a rule of paying one-third of their earnings to the clergy which was known as tithe. The French government was facing financial crisis for more than a century. Huge expenditure was made on wars in the 18th century and this led to monumental debts. The government could not meet the deficit because of the prevailing tax system. Common people were aggrieved because they were made to pay high taxes. Peasants who had little or no land were the worst hit because of heavy taxation. The second problem was scarcity of food among the urban population of the Third Estate which was made of “skilled artisans, shopkeepers and other wage earners of the city” . The prices of consumer goods increased at a higher rate than wages. This resulted in the fall of purchasing power of the urban people. The incomes of these people were not even enough to buy food items. The skilled and unskilled workers faced a 140 percent rise in rent. There was growing frustration among the people of the Third Estate. They often had to struggle for mere survival. This economic dissatisfaction of the Third Estate resulted in aggression among the common people. In Paris, these common people played an important role in the French Revolution (Perry, 81-85)Conclusion
French revolution is considered as one of the most important chapter in the history of France. The revolution was manifestation of the common people becoming aware of their fundamental rights in the society. The revolution permanently drained the power of the monarchy and spread the ideals of democracy all over the world. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1442619-french-revolution
(French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1442619-french-revolution.
“French Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1442619-french-revolution.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
le
lenna90 added comment 2 months ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of " French Revolution" was tough to find. I spent hours to find it. Here at StudentShare, I got the most decent sample. Many thanks!
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
French Revolution
The French revolution of 1979 happened between 1787 and 1799, reaching the climax in 1789. This period was characterized by radical political and social upheavals. This was propelled by the American Revolutionary War, especially the ineptitude acts of King Louis XVI that enhanced frustrations among the French people.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
French revolution
The revolution followed hot on the heels of the American Revolution that had preceded a decade earlier and changed the political and social dimension of Europe irreversibly. Various problems led to the revolution, however, the strict class system that placed the clergy and nobility among ordinary French citizens gets pinned down as the most decisive problem (Tackett 26).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
French Revolution
Where the French Revolution changed the political map of Europe forever, it brought the people to the forefront of politics and set the precedence for bringing about social and political change through revolution. The old order in France was the absolutist monarchy of the Bourbons led at the time of the evolution by Louise XVI but supported by the nobility and the clergy.
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
The French Revolution
The French Revolution effectively achieved the objective of bringing freedom to the people, and women were active participants in the lynching and other mob activities. The position of women in England was, however, somewhat different and this attitude also spilt over into the response to the French revolution.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
French Revolution
By 1815, the French revolution had undergone large number of changes and had seen everything. The overall standing of the revolution and its contextual existence and effectiveness can be gauged with regard to the study of the political and human rights aspect. The aim and
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The French Revolution
eat attention to the vastness of revolutions in the history of the world, revealing great insights on not only the origins, but also the causes of great revolutions (Adkins, 2004). This essay will explore the history of the French Revolution, citing major events that defined the
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
French Revolution
The development that took place in entire Europe during eighteenth and nineteenth century had a direct impact on Europe’s economy, social-life and
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
The French Revolution
How history recalls French Revolution is the question to be addressed and answered in this paper. Historians assert that it was the force of revolution that was felt after the Fall of the
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
French revolution, social revolution
The Louis XIV wars caused debts that grew after the wars fought in the 18th century. This wars caused affected even Britain, but they did not go bankrupt because, in Britain everyone paid tax including clergy and the nobles. In France, only the citizens paid
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
The French Revolution
Harris Kamran History and Political Science Descriptive Essay 1 March 2012 The French Revolution The French Revolution was a multi-faceted movement with a variety of underlying reasons, and just as many aspects to its aftermath. It was not merely a political revolution, although political dissatisfaction and ideological motivation formed the basis of this movement.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic French Revolution for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us