Name Institution Course Instructor Date Analysis of Concepts Brought out by Marx, Smith, Mill, and Walzer John Stuart Mill wrote broadly on the subject of liberty and discussion. Mill describes how the aspect of liberty came into place in an era when those in power controlled the rest of the population in what he refers to as tyrannies…
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These rights granted the citizens a level of liberty but it was not sufficient. However, governments objected a second step to set a societal check committee. Setting it up would ensure that the government did not use power to oppress its subjects. In addition, Mill describes a different era of governance when people believed that they achieved liberty. This is the era when the citizens chose leaders who would represent their opinion in the government. The leaders represented the opinion and views of the citizens, keeping their personal views to themselves. Although the citizens felt more represented by this form of governance, it brought about the controlling power of the majority and this denied the self-cultivating autonomous individual the right to exercise his or her freedom to hold and practice a different opinion from what the majority holds. Society exerts the compulsion on an individual to follow the opinion of the majority. Mill refers to this control as worse than that of tyrannies. According to Mill, society should not hold the majority’s opinion as absolute truth. The majority can be wrong at times, whereas the minority opinion is right. In most cases, accepting of the majority’s opinion is without reason (Jones 27). In addition, refuting of the minority’s opinion is without meaningful analysis. ...
According to Mill, absolute liberty should be an expression of one’s conscience and should entail freedom of thought and feeling. In addition, one should have the liberty to express and make public his opinion as well as pursue his or her interests and associate freely with a group. Society should set each individual free to exercise creativity in thought and action. This will encourage diversity in society. Walzer expressed his views on the continuous struggle to achieve equality in society. In his opinion, there are many inequalities in the world because people possess the things that they do not honestly deserve. A great majority of people having a lot of money have not worked for it. Once they are in possession of money, they get access to a wide variety of goods and services. Essentially, some people in possession of certain goods do not deserve them at all. Some doctors buy certificates without the right academic qualifications. Others get access to power because they have money. Walzer wrote his essay in response to Kristol’s ideas and questions (Jones 29). According to Walzer, equality is important in society and is achievable if distribution of goods and services depends on need and qualification. His illustration of the wealthy accessing medical services because they have money and not because of health issues shows the irony in society. It is clear that some people have access to services and goods they do not need. Logically, only the sick and not the wealthy should have access to medical services. If services and goods are only accessible to those in need, a level of equality in society is attainable. Other goods should come into an individual’s possession when they qualify to own them. In addition, one should work hard enough to
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In both instances the individual cannot be practically existent outside of the community, nor can civil society itself exist without being composed of a network of individuals. Both Marx and Mill share this fundamental acceptance, however each chooses to focus on a different aspect of the relationship for emphasis.
Introduction Economic deals with study of human nature hence most theories in economic are based on the nature of humans. Adam Smith and Karl Marx are considered as the greatest economists of their time, in fact Smith is regarded as the father of modern economics (Skousen, 3).
Karl Marx and Adam engaged in debates and discussions with the aim of restoring tranquility in daily operations in the society. Nevertheless, their discussions differ depending on the different schools of thought they represent. Similarly, Karl Marx and Adam Smith are together since they all believe in classical economic thought.
He shares in the produce of their labor or in the value which it adds to the materials on which it is bestowed; and in the same consists of his profit.” (Wealth of Nations) Tocqueville: “It was no slight task to reunite people who had been strangers to each other or foes for many centuries (and) very difficult to teach them to come to an understanding for the transaction of their common business.
n his main work, “The Essence of Christianity”, Feurbach explains religion and the creation of God in anthropological terms: the religious God has been created by man as an outward projection of the mankind’s own needs of a better, positive self image, an image of
The Communist Manifesto (1848) by Karl Marx and The Wealth of Nations (1776) by Adam Smith are documents which make a stand of diverging principles and ideals. The Manifesto sets down the tenets of Communism whereas The Wealth of Nations bases its ideas on Democracy. The Manifesto has its background in the industrialization era.
According to the researcher, Adam Smith and Karl Marx are individuals that played a major role in the economics field. Their theories have been adopted, referred to and used by several economists in the analysis of concepts. It is important to note that while Adam Smith shows harmony and development, Marx shows struggle, instability and chaos.