Professor Topic: Paper Title SSC-102-4 Global Perspectives Spring 2012 Human Rights Declaration A person can only be considered as a human being with dignity when one is at liberty to exercise his or her rights (Valdes, 2009)…
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It will also relate the role of education for community empowerment and of rights advocacy. UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights The United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights is an embodiment of world’s recognition of all persons’ inalienable rights for liberty, property, justice, and peace (UN, 2012). The instrument is upheld globally and is protected by laws or treaties, as ratified by member states, to make it part of the laws of every countries (UN, 2012). The declaration extols human rights as essential component for national development, social cohesion, world peace and in improving opportunities for international or national growth (UN, 2012). The declaration guarantees human freedom, equality and security to fully enjoy the right to life. It rejects all forms of discrimination and violence while it accords to everyone the right to avail legal remedy, fair trial, and equal treatment under rule of law following the doctrine on the presumption of innocence until one is proven by court as guilty (UN, 2012). The declaration further assures people of their right to travel, the right for asylum, to acquire property, to be part of associations, to participate in good governance, as well as, the right to privacy (UN, 2012). The law likewise promote the right for social security, education, and to avail opportunities commensurate to anyone’s educational attainment and skills (UN, 2012). ...
Elsewhere in the world, repressive regimes have subjected people to severe human rights violations (HRVs) which oftentimes stripped them of their rights to dignity and life. Some cases would even illustrate how the state resorts to deprive peoples on their right life, peace and security during war, or in the escalation of state-sponsored crimes, and of terrorism. In Uzbekistan, for example, human rights advocates documented violence and torture that were inflicted to prisoners which prompted the United States, European Union and the European Bank for Reconstruction to investigate (Human Rights Watch, 2011).2 The most prominent report on torture was that photo in 2002 of Muzafar Avazov, a religious human rights advocate, who died after he was submerged by his interrogators in boiling water (HRW, 2011, p. 1). His dead body also bore some marks and scars of violence. Such issue has serious implication about how the criminal and justice system works in Uzbekistan (HRW, 2011, p. 2). The case was further aggravated with series of indiscriminate killings which victimized a number of innocent civilians in the areas of Andijan (HRW, 2011, p. 2). This motivated UN to intervene and investigate the pervasive human rights problem even within its criminal justice system. UN also openly condemned the incessant use of force and violence against civil society and decided to enforce sanctions for the abuses made. It wielded international pressure to ask Uzbek government to undertake reforms of governance and in its judicial system. Such case like this has positive implications to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights—as an international policy which set global standard in the introduction of governance and for judicial
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Article 26 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR). The horrors of the two succeeding world wars (I and II) within the span of 30 years only that had dehumanized human civilizations, had shown how dreadful humans can be. Committed never to let such inhumanity happen again, world leaders of the United Nations (UN) had agreed to uphold human rights, which they formalized in what is known today, the UDHR.
(un.org) It was drafted by a panel including not only representatives of Western democracies but also the USSR, and lead by Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of the US wartime president. Although there were 8 abstentions, there were no dissenters among the member states supporting the UDHR.
Even though there were some rights of humans that were individually identified by most members of the League of Nations, these were highly isolated and differed one from the other. With the magnitude of human rights abuses that the two World Wars came about with, it became immediately necessary that there become an evenly distributed code that guided the protection of the fundamental human rights of people.2 Acting as the single global unifier of nations, the United Nations under the auspices and guidance of the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10 December 1948 in the French capital of Paris at Palais de Chaillot.3 Since the adoption
This was seen to have its drawbacks as the disparities in the treatment of human beings from state to state was obvious despite having being created equally. A radical departure from what was deemed right human treatments was witnessed during the Second World War between 1939 and 1945.With a Nazi government in power in Germany racial and religious discriminations were treated as official government policies.
With the global onslaught of war, poverty, violence against women and children, AIDS, and racial discrimination, protecting human rights seems to be a daunting and elusive task for the United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the pioneering document of modern human rights doctrine.
In this context, according to R.K.M. Smith (2005, p.240), ‘the deprivation of a person’s liberty can only be acceptable when there are serious reasons that impose the detention as the only suitable measure’. However, it seems that
The Human Rights declaration is not a legally binding treaty but the ICCPR and the Optional Protocol are treaties to which the signatory states are bound. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights can nonetheless be used as