Instructor Name: Sanctions and Nonproliferation There has been a great debate so far that Iran and North Korea should not develop nuclear technologies and should not have their own, well-established nuclear program…
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There was once a time when Libya also had uranium enrichment plants and weapons of mass destruction. So if that much of the countries in the world are running their nuclear programs then why US and western countries are behaving in a selfish way to deprive off Iran and north Korea from this technology? The answer is no doubt, quite complex and even US is trying to impose sanctions for the nonproliferation of such technology, none of these countries wanted to set ears on it. To begin with, the situation in Iran is quite different that of North Korea. It is surrounded by Iraq, Afghanistan and is not so far from a strongly opposed nuclear power, Israel, who keeps on threatening Iran on its extreme Islamic policies. On the other hand, with US in the region, Iran does not feel itself secure enough from the borders. Actually it’s the US and some other western countries that provided Iran with nuclear technology during the dynasty of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi during 1960s and 1970s. However, after the Islamic revolution of Iran in 1979, these countries become aware of the fact that most Iranians do not like their policies and are not in favor of taking dictations from them. So they consider Iran’s nuclear program as a great threat to their strength and might in the world. So far, there have been no weapons of mass destruction found in Iran and it has also signed the non-proliferation treaty of nuclear weapons. But as far as US is concerned, it has a history of invasion into other countries on the names of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction, like it did with Iraq where none was found to be the weapon of mass destruction. So in order to remind US that Iran would not be another Iraq for it to invade and gain natural resources, it is necessary for Iran to have its own nuclear program so that no one become able to set eyes on it. These are the reasons due to which Iran withdrew from the non-proliferation treaty and is working on its program (Jarrod Hayes. 2011). Almost same is the case with North Korea, it also signed the treaty but withdrew from it in 2003 due to US double faced policies which do not make the world a safer and better place at all, rather there is already much destruction in most parts of the world due to illegitimate invasion of US. The hypocrisy of the entire world does not ever come to an end. the accuse of having a nuclear program not so protested has become old now, as everyone knows that when a country starts such projects, first it make sure that everyone will not have access to the weapons and that those will not cause any harm to the population. They are better well wishers of their own countries as compare to others. North Korea is a declared nuclear power with tests in 2006 and 2009, where Iran is still in the way. Both the countries should not roll back their programs to make their people safe and guarded (Millon). As far as the sanctions are concerned, US tried to put both Iran and North Korea into severe circumstances by putting industrial and economical sanctions on them. In April 1998, North Korean was entitled to sanctions for their role in transferring Missile Technology with Pakistan. In November 2011, US decided to pressurize Iran to hold its nuclear program as it did not obey any of the international obligations and continue to build weapons of mass destruction. US prohibited any of the procurement activities taking place for Iran by carrying equipment and technology and there would
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