Reconstruction Plans The basic idea behind southern reconstruction was to integrate the South back into the Union, while rebuilding the economy and providing political and sociological frameworks for the new society. Lincoln's plan included a 10 percent idea, where a state could rejoin the Union once 10 percent of the voters in the state pledged an oath of allegiance to the United States…
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Many view this as a method of ending the war, rather than rebuilding the South, since so many issues were not touched upon thoroughly. This failure to set up long term goals definitely cost the country in the future. Johnson, on the other hand, wanted to limit the federal government's role in rebuilding the South and instead wanted to give the states the power to rebuild themselves. He believed in strong state governments, rather than federal policies that would blanket the entire area. At the same time, Johnson wanted to rebuild the South in a hurry, which also avoided any long-term goals. A major issue was that Johnson pardoned countless landowners who had been major advocates of the Confederate army and did not provide any protection for former slaves. This prevented blacks from becoming equal members of society, since the landowners were able to use their wealth to gain political power in the South. Congress then made three Constitutional amendments that were aimed at helping the reconstruction effort. These amendments abolished slavery, granted American citizenship to everyone born within the country and provided civil rights for these individuals. Later on, the 15th Amendment made it illegal to deny an individual’s right to vote based on skin color or race, although this did not give anyone the right to vote. This means that the states would still have control over their own elections and could still prohibit certain individuals from voting. Many blacks were prohibited from voting, which eliminated the chance of African-Americans gaining any political power. In hindsight, many different things could have been done to maximize the reconstruction effort. For starters, Lincoln needed to gain more support in the South before his policies could have a lasting effect on society. Lincoln’s short-term goal was to quickly unite the country, but he did not look at the long-term picture as much as he should have. By only asking 10 percent of voters in a state to pledge allegiance to the country, he was leaving a great deal of dissention to work against him later. The majority of the people in those states did not even want to rejoin the Union, which made working with them very difficult. In order to properly build the South, Lincoln needed to gain public support in the region before bringing those states into the Union. The first goal of the president at that time should have been a public relations effort to gain support throughout the South, in an effort to convince these states that joining the Union was the best course of action. To test this popularity, he could hold a referendum in the States asking if the voters want to join. This might have taken 10-15 years, but it could have created a more stable South in the end. In addition, there is no reason to believe that just because someone takes an oath, that the person would be loyal. Voting numbers would be a much better gauge than an individual pledging allegiance to a country that he may or may not believe in. Johnson’s ideologies created many problems in the South because he wanted the federal government to wash its hands of the problem. At that time, the South needed strong central leadership because its economy was in such bad shape. Assuming that Lincoln’s plan had already gone through and the Southern states had been forced
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(“Reconstruction Plans History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Reconstruction Plans History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1436816-reconstruction-plans
(Reconstruction Plans History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Reconstruction Plans History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1436816-reconstruction-plans.
“Reconstruction Plans History Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1436816-reconstruction-plans.
It began with President Lincoln’s affirmative actions for a race-blind, equal and reunited America. While Lincoln took a more lenient and tolerant course to end slavery and reuniting the South, the Radical Republicans opposed it on the ground that Lincoln reconstruction plan had freed the slaves without paying much attention to establishing their socio-political, economic and other rights.
However, complete guaranteed freedom during then was far from its realization due to key groups and influential icons in the government who had conflicting intentions. Hence, prompting Dubois term the attainment of equality during then as a “splendid failure” because an individual’s recognition or mode of treatment assumed racial lines.
The author states that the majority of the slave population in America, at that time, consisted of African Americans. Their community was the one deeply involved and mostly affected by the war. African Americans participated in huge numbers in the war as soldiers either enslaved by the confederate rulers or as loyalists to the Northern states.
The author states that the study of history, theory and doctrine still provide an important source of preparation to meet military exigencies. The role of the Non Commissioned Officer remains pivotal in translating doctrine into a success; it is he who creates the crucial link between the principles and the plans that execute them.
essay will focus on the history of the reconstruction of America after the civil war that began in 1863 with the emancipation clause by President Abraham Lincoln.
It was not easy for the leaders to decide whether or not to punish the South for the Civil war. It was even harder
In Japan, for instance, MacArthur employed his purging tactics strategically and in limited ways. The Imperial Family to a large extant was spared, top economic advisers were spared, and figureheads rather than larger groups were subjected to purges and punishment.
Federal government idea was to improve the life of the southerners in terms of reconstructing their medical care, food production, education voting rights and their living conditions. Lincoln’s view on the process of reconstruction was received with a lot of criticism and resistance by the whites.
Further, reconstruction offered ways of readmitting the Southern States into the Union, and describing the ways by which blacks and whites could live together and share things in a free society where no one was enslaved. The south-perceived reconstruction as vengeful and humiliating and in turn protested the move, as they did not like it (Foner, 2012).
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