This research is being carried out to evaluate and present Cheyenne Native Americans. The Cheyenne and other Red Indian tribes were the first occupants of America long before the arrival of white European settlers in the 16th century. Hence, they are referred to as Native Americans…
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The paper tells that the Cheyenne comprise of two tribes i.e. the Tsétsêhéstâhese and the Só'taeo'o. Members of the Algonquian family had a common territory (present-day Saskatchewan province) and language. However, in the mid 16th century, they began their southwestward migration in pursuit of buffaloes and game. However, prior to this, the Cheyenne resided alongside the Missouri River in Minnesota. There is evidence that they were ardent farmers who also made ceramics and artifacts. After losing a battle with the Hidatsa and Mandan tribes, they were driven off to the plains. This is when they took up buffalo hunting and occupied the area that comprises of modern-day Wyoming, Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska and South Dakota. Consequently, their housing units changed from earthen lodges to ‘tipis’, temporary houses made of buffalo hide. This tribe was further subdivided into ten bands and four leaders were appointed from each band. In addition, there was a council of elders that comprised of forty-four elected men. The council convened on a regular basis to deliberate on tribal affairs. Authority was deeply centralized, and the Cheyenne people were united by ritual ceremonialism and the famous ‘Sun Dance’ was the main climax. ‘Sacred arrows’ was another ceremonial ritual and this was undertaken whenever the Cheyenne people waged tribal war. The Cheyenne have a rich cultural heritage which is characterized by religious beliefs, ceremonies, religious practitioners, traditional medicine and veneration of the dead. Aside from the sun dance and arrow dance, there are three other significant ceremonies. These include Mahut renewal, Isiwun and animal dance. Death and life are deemed a spiritual process. A good life automatically results in a good death. Conversely, an evil life leads to malevolent spirits who are bound to torment the living. Hence, the Cheyenne really advocate for a good life. Indian tribes including the Cheyenne welcomed the European settlers into America and even taught them survival tactics. Unfortunately, this cordiality was short-lived and the White settlers began to acquire their land. Initially, this was done via treaties but with time the Cheyenne were forcefully evicted from their territories. They were driven off to barren land that was unwanted by the European settlers. As stated above, treaties were the initial means of acquiring Native American territorial land. One famous treaty is the 1851 Laramie Treaty. The Cheyenne were represented in this treaty between US government representatives and Native American tribes. Several resolutions were made and they include the following. First, a truce was reached between warring rival tribes. Secondly, each tribe was to receive $50,000 per annum for 10 years as compensation for their land. Third, the US government gained the right to build infrastructure on native land. The white settlers were also assured of peace when they traveled along the Overland Trail. Fourth, maps were demarcated to show areas where the tribes were allowed to hunt and fish. Subsequent treaties had well-established reservations for Indian tribes. The mid-seventeenth century was characterized by massive immigration of European settlers into America.
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The researcher states that there history and injustices have not been given a proper place in the history of America and more people seem to be forgetting about them. Some scholars have stated that the natives need the help of influential groups in the society to help them get full recognition by the state and be allowed to enjoy their rights just like any other citizen.
The researcher states that the health of Native Americans deteriorated because of Europeans migrations and their influence on the natives’ living style and diet. Moreover, the biomolecular archeology techniques highlight that the disease agents originated from the Old World, evolving through subsequent generations and later transmitted to animals.
It is evidently clear from the discussion that Clark tries to establish trade with the Indians, promising them a fair price for their furs and other goods. He wants the Indians to understand that other white men would be coming from the Great Chief in the future and that they should treat them well if they want to please the Great Chief.
The conclusion from this study states that the depiction of Native Americans in the film “A Man Called Horse” depicts the different stereotypes, subjectivity, and separation between two cultures. The white man, John, is one which holds the main perspective in the movie of what it means to look at the culture from the outside.
The study leads to the conclusion that throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, some of the Native Americans were acculturated into the Europeans’ way of life abandoning their customs, traditions, native language, among others. They also lost their group and social ties and identities as well as other cultural elements.
This research will begin with the statement that in the year 1613, a free sailor working for a Dutch fur trading company was allowed to live and trade among the Native Americans in Manhattan. In 1619, the first 20 blacks, from the Dutch slave traders were bought as workers in the English northern American colony.
tion of Native American religions as a microcosm of other religious adaptations through compatibility, commonality in diversity, and common religious goals across religions.
One of the ways in which the Native American religions are representative of other immigrant groups’
The conclusion states that literature can be described as an educative and unifying factor in the United States of America. This is because it promotes the essence of multiculturalism in the US which resulted from globalization that was inspired by the civil wars. Literature also portrays the changing of the Native American culture through the change in the art used in writing.
The song text in Native American music is inclusive of both public and secret pieces. The secret song pieces have been used for sacred purposes and ceremonies alone and have been claimed to be both ancient and unchanging.
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