We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Plato the Republic: Analysis of Socrates' Refutation of Thrasymachus's Claim - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Name: Course: Instructor: Date: Plato the Republic: an analysis of Socrates' Refutation of Thrasymachus Claim that Justice is in the Interest of the Stronger In Plato’s Republic, Book 1, Thrasymachus argues that justice is in the interest of the stronger (338c)…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Plato the Republic: Analysis of Socrates Refutation of Thrasymachuss Claim
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Plato the Republic: Analysis of Socrates' Refutation of Thrasymachus's Claim

Download file to see previous pages... He argues with Socrates who seems to disagree with this notion. Socrates regards justice as a concept designed to serve all. Thrasymachus’ definition of justice seems to imply that when the stronger rules in his own interests, then he is being unjust. Thrasymachus identifies the stronger with the city’s rulers (Bloom, p. 540). The original argument by Thrasymachus He claims that “the just is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger (338c). In 339a, he argues that “the just is the same thing everywhere – the advantage of the stronger”. He equates justice with the advantage of the stronger or ruler, and injustice as an individual’s own advantage. He says “the just is the advantage of the stronger, while the unjust is the profit and advantage of oneself” (344c). Therefore, Thrasymachus’s definition hypothesizes that if a ruler is not pursuing his own interests, then he can be said to be behaving in a just manner. Thrasymachus also makes this claim to justice, that it is obedience to laws (339b). He also says that justice is all about “the advantage of another” (343c). What Thrasymachus means by his definitions of justice is that justice is corrupted by unjust rulers who act to benefit themselves, or whoever is in power (Bloom, p. 543). Why Socrates disagrees with Thrasymachus Socrates disagrees with Thrasymachus on the basis that what areal ruler is. ...
Socrates continues to say that for a ruler, the best wage would be not to be governed by individuals worse than themselves (Bloom, p. 604). Socrates also argues that Thrasymachus’s rule is not like real crafts (350c). He argues that a craftsman does not seek to outdo what other craftsmen are doing, but rather, they perform the tasks that is required by the craft (Devin Stauffer, Plato’s Introduction to the Question of Justice (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001), p. 21. Socrates also defines justice as “virtue and wisdom” and injustice as a “vice and ignorance” (350d). Socrates' definition Vs. Thrasymachus definition of Justice While Thrasymachus believes that justice is in the interest of the stronger, Socrates on the other hand argues that the principle of justice lies on the individuals being served. Thrasymachus argues that “a ruler, insofar as he is a ruler, never makes errors (341a). He claims hat while one is erring, he cannot be considered stronger or a ruler (Devin Stauffer, Plato’s Introduction to the Question of Justice (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001), p. 34. Bloom says that Thrasymachus’s definition of rulers have to be “selfish with perfect knowledge” (Bloom, p. 329). This means that it is just for the weak to be ruled over by the stronger. Socrates’ arguments are based on the premise sense that a skill or craft is never exercised in the interest of the person who posses the craftsmanship, but in the interest of the individual on whom it is exercised Devin Stauffer, Plato’s Introduction to the Question of Justice (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001), p. 68. Thus Socrates’ definition negates Thrasymachus’ in that he prescribes to the notion that rulers ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Aristotle was a student of Plato and a teacher of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great, and his works covered almost every aspect that affects human life from government to biology. He is considered, along with Socrates and Plato to be among the founding fathers of Western philosophy.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Plato Republic
Plato Republic, Book Eight Introduction This present philosophy essay is based on the arguments that were presented by Plato, in his Socratic dialogue that was titled “The Republic.” Plato is among the most renowned Ancient Greek philosophers who made a significant contribution towards intellectual and historical works of political theory and philosophy.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Political Philosophies of Socrates, Plato and Confucius
The three philosophers have one thing in common aside from being accomplished geniuses, which is the fact that they have lived their philosophies, gaining faithful disciples not only because of their philosophical abilities, but also because they believed and stood firm on their principles.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Essay
This is considered the same as heresy, which Socrates was found guilty of, as heresy is a religious opinion that contradicts the beliefs and teachings of the Roman Catholic. He was an atheist and did not believe that a God, or gods, existed. Plato was a student, or a follower, of Socrates.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
Plato's arguments were based on supposition; with an abstract form of deductive reasoning, one formulated a premise then sought confirmation of that premise in the material world. He was highly suspicious of empirical thought and observation and he dismissed the notion that anything of value in terms of truth could be found in the material world.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Plato: The Republic
This edifice makes clear additional fundamental principles that guide states to their proper end: the fostering of individual human flourishing in its citizens. The Second Book actually arises from a challenge left over from the first, and the question of whether justice is a
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Plato Republic
Although Socrates says that the path to the greatest good is in right action, Plato insists that it is instead in right thought (Strathern, 1996, p. 25). When one is full of right thought, the perfect form
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
Ancient Political Thinkers - Socrates/Aristotle/Republic, Politics
Significantly, the first book of The Republic offers proposes different definitions of justice such as returning debts owed and helping friends and Socrates finds these definitions as inadequate in certain contexts, because they lack rigidity. Socrates makes an
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Socrates and plato
Socrates position, as a philosopher, was quite distinctive concerning the acquisition of knowledge. This is due to his rare strategic approach, on which he assumed he lacked information on the
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Plato - The Republic
Also, the idea of a “perfect” city governed by ideals would never actually exist, for Plato later showed that even Kallipolis itself was eventually corrupted to the point when the ideal city would eventually become a tyranny (Reeve 2004 V 571a). As is known, although there
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Plato the Republic: Analysis of Socrates' Refutation of Thrasymachus's Claim for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us