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Article interpretation Sanjay Subarahmanyam - Book Report/Review Example

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Article interpretation Name: Institution: Article Interpretation Sanjay Subrahmanyam in this article believes that there is a relationship between trade and state building (page 750). He believes that there are two concepts that clearly dominate the recent discussions on traders and states in the western Indian Ocean…
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Article interpretation Sanjay Subarahmanyam
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Download file to see previous pages According to him, historians have raised objections to these usages, first because they are “descriptive and not analytical” and second, they are not authentic native usage but rather “Western terminologies” (Sanjay, 1995, 751). He continues to say that he does not find these objections as fundamental. According to him if the later objection is to be taken seriously, then it leads to the unfortunate conclusion that Asian histories can only be written in Asian languages. The former perhaps fails to appreciate that these terms have a rather clear analytical meaning, even though they may pose a problem of precision when used as descriptive categories. In this paper, I will bring out Sanjay Subrahmanyam’s view about the merchant Diasporas and states in the Indian ocean ‘rim’, and its implications on understanding the early modern period in South Asia. Sanjay Subrahmanyam acknowledges that “indeed it is of considerable analytical interest that the two ideas of mercantilism and diasporas are somewhat in conflict” (Sanjay,1995,753). ...
He believes that the world trade in the Indian Ocean region changed considerably, and the increase of the presence of the Europeans is one of the aspects of the change (Wills 1993). Sanjay argues that it is true that the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries saw the expansion of a variety of forms of Islams on the shores of the Indian ocean and that Muslims mercantile communities comprised a growing presence whether in East Africa, India, or South east Asia (Pouwels 1987; Hourani 1951(Sanjay,1995,755). He describes the growth of a set of city-states which came to dominate the maritime world from Melaka in the east to Aden in the west. Their rise was associated with what has recently been called an age in commerce in the context of South East Asia. The lack of sufficient records from the fifteenth century made this matter be just comprehended (Reid 1988). He goes on to argue that although the greater part of the population of Melaka consists of Malays of the laboring class (including a substantial slave sector), there was a little doubt that these merchants had a high start in Melaka’s society. This fact is observed from the Hikayat Hang Tuah, a Malay prose epic celebrating Melaka’s Sultans (Thomaz 1988: 34; Overbeck 1986) (Sanjay, 1995, 757). The important thing to note according to Sanjay is that Melaka sultanate’s revenue base confirms that foreign trade was indeed the life blood of the kingdom. Characteristic feature of Melaka was the town’s well defined ethnic quarters (kampongs), inhabited by the leading trading communities (page 757). Most were the Gujarat who dominated Melaka politically as well until late fifteenth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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