It has been relevant for ages to explore and explain social events and social order in accordance with theories developed by the science of sociology. In the modern times it is too hard to systematize social events with regards to sociology only…
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Globalization has captured all the spheres of human activity around the world. The most important function of globalization is to delimit poverty and wealth, create conglomerates and unions in favor of common globalized world. It sounds utopian, is not it? So, we will take for our discussion only those aspects of globalization used for social development analysis. There is a huge gap between developed and developing societies nowadays. That is why, it is important to discuss different aspects of their peculiarities in order to claim whether the world’s society is close or not to the globalization processes. Modernization theory and Dependency theory: the basics The main difference between these two theories should be considered in terms of social development of developed and developing states. In the process of human history, many states have been able to develop its scientific and cultural potential. Nevertheless, due to many reasons only a few of countries managed to function at the fullest capacity. Thus, it is important to discuss peculiarities of social development of different states, but not to make stress on the process of deficiencies elimination in the countries of the third world (Adjibolosoo, 1999). Western Europe has taken a place of a leader in terms of self-sustaining economy of capitalism. Thus, supporters of Modernization theory claim that political progress of western countries coincides with their economic development. On the basis of comparison and contrasting Modernization theory and Dependency theory further discussion will be focused on social development of the modern world in developed and developing countries. Moreover, another privilege of the theories comparing and contrasting is their focus on international relationship between developed and developing countries, future prospects of their relations. Finding similarities and differences between these theories is helpful for giving an objective assessment to existing inequalities between different states. Modernization theory and Dependency theory: common grounds and reasoning At first, opponents of the Modernization theory have united their efforts in order to provide a valuable opposite example to the theory. They developed Dependency theory. Still, both of these theories are focused on a gap between states with different level of development. The Western countries are positioned in terms of these theories as world’s leaders, thanks to their dominant developments and progress over the Third World states (Held, 1992). Therefore, developing states have to pursue the line of economic, political, social and cultural aspects of developed countries. The latter countries are leaders dictating rules of existence to developing countries. This position is expressed by Modernization theory and Dependency theory. Still, despite the constant attempts made by developing countries to catch up with developed countries levels, the latter play their roles behind the scenes. Communication between different states occurs, but it is dictated by the developed countries. The latter countries are directors of the films, where roles are played by developing countries. Their interaction is not a unified set of actions. There is an evident “inequality in relationships between developed and developing countries” (Utopian Delusions, 2005). Both theories are focused on dependency of poorer countries on the West as the only one alternative way of development. The dominant position of the Western world cannot be questioned either by representatives of the Moderniza
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(“Global Inequality and Development. Theories of Social Development: Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/history/1430373-global-inequality-and-development-theories-of-social-development-dependency-theory
(Global Inequality and Development. Theories of Social Development: Essay)
“Global Inequality and Development. Theories of Social Development: Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1430373-global-inequality-and-development-theories-of-social-development-dependency-theory.
Moreover, capitalism is viewed from a specific perspective: the extent to which its study is capable of strengthening a sociology of modernity, interpreted as ‘that which is ‘new’ in ‘modern’ ‘society’’ (Lowith 1993, 46). Marx and Weber provide distinct theories of modernity, or theories of the transition from pre-industrial to industrial society, to which capitalism is somewhat fundamental.
Modernization theory is the byproduct of three historical event of post world war. The modernization theory can be described as the change of traditional society of the previous age to the modern age of the present. It gives emphasis on the development of the social scenario of the society.
Even the diversity in races, religion and the many cultures that exist cannot explain the dissimilarities that exist at various levels of social, economic and political organization. These differences became the main themes of discussion between different scholars and philosophers who tried to explain the existence of such a wide gap between nations which were purported to have a common origin and destiny.
The proof of this idea is in globalization, which has become a system through which the world has now been seen to be a global village whereby each nation depends on the other for one form of development or the other. It is in the need for each nation to be its other’s keeper that brought the search for various forms of political and socio-economic theories that could best serve the interest of all sides involved, namely the developed world and the developing world.
Development Theory and Impasse
Like many developing countries in the “Lost Decade”, the sphere of development theory was also affected in 1980s. A concept developed among many thinkers regarding the development theory that it has been extended to an impasse which is known as the Impasse in Development Theory.
It is the case that modernization theory and dependency theory has been the prevalent perspectives regarding socio-economic development. Although the latter encompasses several issues, one of the main problems it wishes to interpret and resolve is the disparity between developed states (i.e.
Countries which have been poor and stagnant for centuries are striving to minimize or eliminate poverty, disease, ignorance and inequality. These countries are no longer disposed to entrust their future to the vagaries of nature or the judgment of colonial rulers.
Social development comprises two aspects that are closely related; application and learning. By learning, the society comes to discover better methods of accomplishing goals that may result in economic and social goals.