Theories of Development: Modernization vs. Dependency Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Theories of development have been largely informed by the growing need to elucidate mass poverty, which has greatly affected the world and led to global inequality. Development schools of thought are a set of logical explanations of the interrelationships among different variables such as global stratification. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.2% of users find it useful
Theories of Development: Modernization vs. Dependency Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Theories of Development: Modernization vs. Dependency Theory"

Download file to see previous pages This acceleration was mainly demonstrated by the presiding facts and projects in many countries such as infrastructural transformations including dams and highways, changes in social formations including eliminating of traditional beliefs and practices that were considered possible social ills, and revamping of education systems with a focus on modern science and rationality. In this accelerated race to catch up with the West, the three-pronged strategy applied by these nations that underpinned what came to be referred by academics as modernization theory. The ideas of the modernization school of thought one way or another influenced the decisions and steps towards development taken by several countries during this period. Modernization theory, which largely draws its arguments on the biological sciences, which studied the growth and development of different species, has been a dominant theory in the social sciences in the Western world since the nineteen fifties. Through structural functionalism, societies are treated as structural functional units comprising institutions with adaptive systems that progress from one evolutionary stage to another (Parsons 125). In effect, modernization theorists argue that about five hundred years ago, most world populations were poor or living in traditional social formations but later on scientific innovation existed in many parts of the world including China, India and the Middle East. However, due to a variety of reasons such as the conquest of the New World and slavery, which modernization theory intentionally or unintentionally bypasses science and entrepreneurship advanced in Western Europe. The...
Modernization theory and dependency theory are two of the most common perspectives used by development theorists when approaching issues of global inequality. Comparison of these two schools of thought of development is essential to understand the current trends better in international relations and political science and future perspectives of the world objectively assess the relationships between developed and underdeveloped nations. Modernization theory conceives that countries go through various stages to achieve full economic development and points out that industrialization and improved technology are the key factors that enhance forward movement. On the other hand, dependency theory views modernization theory as Eurocentric and patronizing and explains global disparity as the result of developed Western countries forming a sequence of dependence by abusing resources and labor in the underdeveloped world.
Although the very nature of dependency theory makes it contrasting, there is commonality in the way both theories make absolute statements about the relationship between the developed and underdeveloped nations. It is my belief that dependency offers a better explanation for the global inequality as it is correct in claiming that global inequality is also a problem of distribution and politics. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Theories of Development: Modernization vs. Dependency Theory Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1483420-theories-of-development-modernization-vs-dependency-theory
(Theories of Development: Modernization Vs. Dependency Theory Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1483420-theories-of-development-modernization-vs-dependency-theory.
“Theories of Development: Modernization Vs. Dependency Theory Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1483420-theories-of-development-modernization-vs-dependency-theory.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Dependency vs. modernization theory
...?DEPENDENCY vs. MODERNIZATION THEORY The Third World countries have experienced massive variation in the economic development since after the end of Second World War. Currently, Modernization and Dependency theories are the two worldwide accepted speculations illuminating the diversification in the economic growth of these countries. Modernization theory explains the processes involved in conversion of underdeveloped societies to modern societies. According to this optimistic theory, the only way which the Third World countries should...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Compare and contrast two of the following theories of social development: Modernisation theory Dependency theory World systems t
...society of the country hampers the modernization of it. As per Sorensen(2001)“ Modernization theory makes the claim that Western capitalist values and practices are the basis for “modernizing” third world countries and helping them become self-sustaining”. This is an acceptable fact as the industrialization and modernization started in western world from 16th century .It can be observed that till now the Asian and African countries are under developed or are on the verge of developing. It is known fact that the gap between the western world and third world countries is significant and latter has been exploited to a...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Global Inequality and Development. Theories of Social Development: Dependency Theory
...those aspects of globalization used for social development analysis. There is a huge gap between developed and developing societies nowadays. That is why, it is important to discuss different aspects of their peculiarities in order to claim whether the world’s society is close or not to the globalization processes. Modernization theory and Dependency theory: the basics The main difference between these two theories should be considered in terms of social development of developed and developing states. In the process of human history, many states have...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Modernization Theory and Early Dependency Theory
...?Modernization Theory and Early Dependency Theory Modernization and dependency theories are some of the theories developed in an attempt to explain the relationship between countries and the inequalities between underdeveloped and developed countries. This paper will discuss the modernization and dependency theories and how they have been modified in the course of time. Modernization theory is a theory that seeks to explain ways in which a society reacts to progress...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
The Modernization and Dependency Theories of Development
...A Comparative Analysis of The Modernization and Dependency Theories of Development It is the case that modernization theory and dependency theory has been the prevalent perspectives regarding socio-economic development. Although the latter encompasses several issues, one of the main problems it wishes to interpret and resolve is the disparity between developed states (i.e. the United States and the United Kingdom) and the less developed countries found in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. This paper aims to present a comparative analysis between the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Japan modernization vs tradition
...JAPAN; MODERNISATION VS TRADITION The film 'The Last Samurai' was outstanding for many reasons - not the least being its depiction of Japanese society in the days of the great Samurai tribe and the dignity and quietness. This dignity and quietness yet a controlled energy has been compared to Mount Fuji 'passion within m calm outside' and is reflected in Japanese literature and the most eloquent ambassadors of Japanese culture ; its films and paintings. These seem to depict a serene world view seemingly unaffected by any attempt to be modern. Though Japan and its culture remain an enigma - you could look at a Japanese painting, be struck with it and, going home1, would be suddenly struck again at what is...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Modernization and Dependency
...of elements of social life was naturalised: made to appear as if development (as opposed to constant change) is directional, following a path of ever-near perfection". (Theories of Development: Modernization VS Dependency) Addtionally, "Modernization theory became the foundation stone of this evolutionary prescription for development. The theory is not homogeneous-numerous proponents disagreed on several key features. But in broad outline, the theory focused on deficiencies in the poorer countries and speculated about ways to overcome these deficiencies....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The modernization theory
...” (Giddens). Therefore in effect, modernization defines the changing ways of the communication taking place in modern and traditional society. In its essence the modernization and development theories suggest that the western values and practices are best and that if replicated by the developing countries can prove beneficial to the long term survival of the developing nations. However the deeper analysis of the idea suggest that following of the western practices, values and ideas will only widen the gap between the developing and developed world and would increase the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Piaget vs vygotsky -Theories of Cognative Development
...Piaget Vs Vygotsky -Theories of Cognitive Development Piaget Vs Vygotsky -Theories of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget gained a clear understanding of children through interacting with their daily activities. He observed, listened, and communicated with them as they undertook their assignments. This marked the start of his study on children development. He came up with a theory that had a huge influence, especially in educational theory. As Piaget puts it, a child’s development is established through several stages, where a single stage symbolizes a qualitatively unique...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Modernization Theory
.... Those opposed to these developments of the modernization theory oppose the same from its aspects of focusing on the western considerations as the superior and civilized developments (Gilman 41). Thus, the biased aspect of the waves of modernization theory and the developments as they followed constitutes the core areas of disagreement. The successive wave of the modernization theory followed from 1950s to 1980s (Billet 49). This wave of the modernization theory did not support the developments and propositions embodied in the western...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Theories of Development: Modernization vs. Dependency Theory for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us