Nobody downloaded yet

The Bonus Army - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Bonus Army In the summer of 1932 about 20 thousand World War I veterans and their families came together in Washington from all across the country with the purpose to demand the cash payments of the service certificates promised by the Government. After the end of WWI the Congress adopted a special plan of compensation of lost wages during the war because of the unfavorable social conditions for the former soldiers…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
The Bonus Army
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Bonus Army"

Download file to see previous pages The Government considered the cash-payment redemption to be inflationary and impractical increasing the budget deficit for two million dollars (Kingseed). As the atmosphere of frustration and despair was worsening the American Communist Party found and an opportunity to complicate things more sending John Pace to instigate a riot. Though the role he played is quite ambiguous the historians agree that the veterans were getting more aggressive and the Government was alarmed with his presence. As the consequence the tensions dramatically escalated up to physical violence. Starting with the police clashes the fear of the communist presence led to the military force involvement. When the fire was opened by the police and the situation went out of control the President Hoover took an advantage of the incident and directed to unleash the military in order to expel the marchers from the capital. At this point Douglas MacArthur assumes the role of the key actor of the eviction operation. Having ousted the veterans from the downtown his mission was completed, but for whatever reason MacArthur decided to break the explicit instructions and continue coming down to Anacostia flats where resided the marchers and putting on fire the entire camp. Giving a press conference MacArthur justified his harsh action by the necessity to confront the communists, claiming that the Reds were plotting the revolution representing a threat to the government. Both Hoover and Macarthur believed that the majority of the rioters were communists. This assumption probably can explain the over-action. However, according to the numbers revealed by the Veterans Administration the president’s presuppositions were overestimated. Communists did not exceed 6 percent of the marchers (Kingseed). Wyatt Kingseed in his article The ‘Bonus Army’ War characterizes the MacArthur’s actions pay attention to his personality and problems with subordination saying that his “ambition proved too great an obstacle for history to erase its view of his performance against the Bonus Army” (Kingseed). Nevertheless, while the government reaction was undoubtedly too harsh it should be considered in the complex with other events (like hunger march in Detroit auto plant) and difficult conditions of the Great Depression which suggested the growing communist sentiments in the society and subsequent threat to the capitalist system. The incident obviously could not help influence the presidential election in the fall of 1932. By calling the army to interfere and then being forced to support the MacArthur’s actions to suppress the veterans unrest Hoover was not able to do anything with the public opinion. The other president candidate from the Democratic Party Franklin D. Roosevelt though did not support the immediate cash-payment of the bonus either, understood the significance of the order to resort to force. Consequently the Bonus Army incident brought him to the victory on the election. The next year the veterans came back to Washington to press the same question again. Roosevelt applied completely different strategy to handle the issue and sent his wife to speak with them. He took certain measures to resolve the problem: first producing the Economy Act that advantaged mostly a disabled veterans; creating ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Bonus Army Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Bonus Army Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“The Bonus Army Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Progressivism, Bonus Army and the Civil Rights Movement
...Progressivism, Bonus Army, and The Civil Rights Movement The 20th century was a time in American history characterized by major changes. In the quest for these changes, there arose some reform orientated movements and protests that were geared to this central theme of change. The main groups that attract much of my attention are progressivism, bonus army, and civil rights movement. Each of these movements and protests had their specific agendas to be achieved. However, even though civil rights movement was the greatest and most popular of all, the progressivism movement was the most successful in the achievement of its agendas. With its reform agenda, the progressivism...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Bonus Army Invades Washington
... June 17, The Bonus Army Invades Washington, D.C., 1932 This march by veterans who had participated in the First World Waroccurred in May 1932 whereby they were pressing the United States Congress to authorize payments of their bonuses that had accrued due to their participation in the war. After a period of six years after the First World War in the mid 1920s, the Congress had made a law that entitled the veterans to compensation in the form of bonuses for the exemplary service they had offered the country during the war. It is important to note that this legislation stipulated that the war veterans were not to collect the windfall until the year 1945, which was acceptable to the veterans as in the years after the First World War... in the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Bonus Expeditionary Forces
...B.E.F. The Whole Story of The Bonus Army by W.W. Waters (as told to William C. White) is the true story about a large group of young ex-servicemen who banded together in the Northwest, in June and July of 1932, to travel together to Washington D.C. to protest under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, their right to money entitled to them as servicemen in the United States military. The book is 288 pages long and was originally published in 1933 by The Stratford Press, Inc. of New York. The B.E.F., which stands for Bonus Expeditionary Forces, was a self-declared "army" comprised of over 60 to 80 thousand ex-servicemen who carried out the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review
...Memorandum of Case Chief Prosecuting Attorney Lawyer of Samanths Stewsrt July 19, Re: The strange behavior of Samanths Stewsrt was due to the effect of multiple pills Questions Presented Was Samanths Stewsrt under the effect of pills that made her behave strange and take an improper turn on the wrong lane while driving down Meachem Blvd. Brief Answer No. The allegation that the Fort Worth Police Department made against Samanths Stewsrt is totally baseless. The charges that the client had multiple pills in her purse were absurd and result of malicious intentions. Statement of Facts It is hereby informed to the honorable court of law that the so called and so thought law keeper stopped my client alleging that she made an improper... of Case...
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
GM Bonus
...GM Bonus The purpose of this essay is to provide a critical discussion on the topic of major bonuses to general motors workers. In an article writtenby Krisher (2011) it was highlighted that GM Workers received over $400 million in worker bonuses. Specifically, Krisher pointed out that the bonuses will be spread out across both hourly and salaried workers. It was estimated that the approximately 28,000 white collar workers will receive an additional 4% and 16% of their base salary (Approximately $8,000 per person) moreover hourly workers would receive an approximate bonus of $4,000 for factory workers and $3,000 for auto parts plant workers. All of these developments come in the wake of a massive...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Customizing Bonus Pay Plns
...Operating employees should be included in the development and use of incentive programs due to the fact that these types of programs promote pay equity, raise motivation among the workers, and can positively contribute towards increasing productivity (Schermerhorn, Hunt, Osborn, 2003). The use of incentive programs can be designed to allow employees to benefit and receive incentives if the performance of the company goes up. It is logical and cost effective to pay the employees more if the firm’s net income increases. Incentives are a good and effective way to reward employees for their efforts. Both individual and group incentives can be used to motivate workers. One of the cons of the use of individual incentives is that it can... employees ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Bonus 4 assignment
...Study on Drug Use among High School s Study On Drug Use Among High School s The methods to use among high school dropouts will include the following: availability sampling, purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The need for using these models is based on the inability to get a list or group of the desired subjects. (a). Availability Sampling: this study mode will rely on the available subjects which are not identified as either school drop outs or not, but which will be identified before they are chosen as the subjects for the study. The study will take place at the Veema area, near the Veema School. This is a good place to start from, because the school is surrounded by densely located residential centers where subjects must...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Bonus Assignment #1
...Task: Bonus Assignment The board of directors comprises of Messrs. Hamilton, Luter and Holland. In an annual general meeting, anew board of directors was elected. The subsequent is the listing of directors who were elected at the company: Joseph W. Luter, the chairperson of the board chairperson, the president and the company’s chief executive officer, F.J. Faison, the president of Carroll’s Food, Inc, Joel W. Greenberg, Commodity Analyst in Rosenthal Collins Group, George E. Hamilton, the president and the Chief Operating Officer of Smithfield Packing Company, Inc., Cecil W. Gwaltney, chairman of the board of Gwaltney Mortar Company and Richard J Holland, board chairperson and the C.E.O. In addition to those we have...
1 Pages(250 words)Case Study
Bonus #2
...John Chamber’s Compensation Package for Fiscal John Chambers is the Cisco Chairman and CEO. He has grown the company from 70 million dollars since he joined the company, to 1.2 billion dollars when he became CEO, to its present-day 40 billion dollars. In 2006, Chambers got appointed as Chairman of the Board. 2011 was an unpleasant year for Cisco Systems. This is because the company reorganized its operations, closed the Flip videocam business and reduced job availability by 12,000. John Chamber’s gross income reduced by a third. His total pay package reduced by 32% with a salary of 375,000 dollars. He did not receive a cash bonus though he received stock worth 12.5 million dollars. For fiscal 2011, the company’s...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
Bonus #3
...Bally Manufacturing and Donald Trump had much tension in their interactions. Trump, as a businessman and hotel mogul was toying with the notion of purchasing more than his “9.6% stake” to boost his share in that firm at November 21, 1986 (Case Study). Bally was extremely concerned that Trump’s further encroachment into their company’s pool of stock would threaten the company at-large, and their positions in the leadership. Robert Mullane served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Bally during the period of tension involving Mr. Trump. During his term, the average stock price of Bally was $22.00, while its average S&P Index Value over the time was 254.40 (Stock Prices & Returns). The company took a hardline stance... Manufacturing...
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Bonus Army for FREE!
Contact Us