The Ku Klux Klan in the City
Prejudice has been the norm and the dream of “free spirit” of liberty has been obliterated. The country has literally shed blood of innocent civilians to fight for few basic rights that are God-given. …
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The rise of the Ku Klux Klan is urban areas in the 1915 was one of the most astonishing events that occurred in the American history post World War I. Kenneth Jackson, in his work discusses the many aspects regarding the second Klan. Jackson insists that many Americans joined the second Klan genuinely joined with the intention of being a true patriot. However, many Americans were unaware of the extreme prejudices that were hidden.
The re-enlightenment of the second era had many different views than its predecessors. Post 1920, the Klan grew a strong membership of 4 to 5 million. Unlike the first Klan movement in the reconstruction era, it extended beyond the traditional motives. The second wave of the Klan continued to focus national agendas at hand that went beyond the agrarian economy. Since the Klan compromised majority of white and Protestant, it was vital that they elaborated on array of social and political issues. The macro focus was on civil issues such as Prohibition, employment, immigration restriction. One might even insist that it was a reformation movement. However, this movement did have many ramifications as it propagated violence and publicly humiliated the status of minorities. The Klan’s supreme strength was unpredictable as it held strong ground in Indiana, Oregon, and Colorado. The Klan played a huge role in politics according to Jackson as it affected the Democratic convention in 1924. The Klan was fed up from the fact that black workers on the domestic front earned decent wages and were being accepted in this new America. According to Jackson, the Klan made its moral duty to halt this new type of African American growth in society. Jackson reiterates the fact the Klan rose due to many factors. First and foremost was the fact that it possessed great numbers outside the South and half of the followers lived in the cities. The Klan in essence was so engrossed in its own agenda that it embedded prejudice and racism in their ideology. Often times, it crossed the legal boundaries and infringed on basic human rights as killings became common. Secondly, the Klan rose in an era where depression plagued society. The Klan was fed up with not only economic conditions but also due to the fear of the growth of communism. Since the south at that time was majority, the Klan made it their priority to attack that particular region. Jackson argues that the Klan that rose in those cities had different agendas, which was to enforce a moral code according to their perspective. Interestingly enough, states such as Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas and Oklahoma did not face as much hostility from the Klan as expected. According to many historians, Texas should have the main target for the Klan. However, that was not the case as El Paso was never the home for target violence. Hence, it became common that the appeal of the Klan spread to North and West. The Klan had so much influence that its members served in the congress. The second wave of KKK was much stronger, organized, and confident that the emergence of the first KKK. As mentioned, this organization not only propagated for “white supremacy,” an intense attachment to anti-Semitic and anti-Catholicism. One of the
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In addition, one cannot diminish the fact that America was founded upon the idea of “melting pot.” Even prominent figures such as Albert Einstein, called racism America's "worst disease.” Prejudice has been the norm and the dream of “free spirit” of liberty has been obliterated.
The founders of this organization were college students and former confederate soldiers from Tennessee, who thought it awesome to form a group through which they would be able to engage in fun for example, through horse playing during the night. These people included; John Lester, James Crowe, John Kennedy, Calvin Jones, Richard Reed and Frank (Chalmers 26).
Movements build towards their specific goals over several phases. These stages have been grouped into five key phases namely the hidden problem, increasing tensions, take-off, waging of the movement and success (Moyer 2011). Hidden Problem i. Normal Times – here, a critical social problem is in the air that is violating a host of widely held core values but the general public is not aware of the problem with very few concerned.
This, along with problems in the organization of the KKK led to it's downfall.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded by six young men in Memphis, TN as a social club in 1866 (Williams 936). The founders did not have a political agenda or racial designs (Williams 936) rather it was more of a practical joker's club in which they dressed up in sheets and scared friends by pretending to be ghosts.
When young soldiers from the Confederate Army returned from war, they realized they had nothing to do; jobs were literally non existent. James Crowe, Richard Reed, Calvin Jones, John Lester, Frank McCord, and John Kennedy met in the house of Colonel Thomas Martin in Giles county, and formed what first they called “the circle” which when translated into Greek is kuklos.
The reconstruction policies of the Civil War intensified the group. The southern people took it upon the Klan to continue the dominance of their democratic party, and to preserve the white race against the onslaught of the blacks. In April of 1867, the Klan was further organized and it has established a hierarchy.
Nonetheless, the Ku Klux Klan has gone through many stages of eminent social organization, a clandestine society, and even separated in to different fractions all the way through the transforming history. In order to comprehend totally with the U.S.
two different lenses, with the former having stressed more the Klan’s deep hostility against the North and the Blacks and how it has ensured its political power over the South using dirty tricks such as bribery, intimidation and coercion; the latter having painted an entirely
plagued the United States of America during the 1890’s was the clear illustration of the unfortunate reality that degraded the citizenship rights of African Americans. The racial segregation that was dominant in southern states was due to factual legislation that the state
In short, the group seeks to protect America against the invasion by immigrants (Brands, Breen and Williams 398).
In the 20th century, the group became anti-communist. The group flourished in the southern states in the 1860s and died out in the 1870s. The group used the
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