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If nonviolence proved to be a successful strategy for confronting segregation, why had most of the advances in civil rights come through the federal courts and not through the local organizations or individuals Did white opposition hinder or help the civ - Essay Example

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If nonviolence proved to be a successful strategy for confronting segregation, why had most of the advances in civil rights come through the federal courts and not through the local organizations or individuals? Did white opposition hinder or help the civ
The Jim Crow laws that…
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If nonviolence proved to be a successful strategy for confronting segregation, why had most of the advances in civil rights come through the federal courts and not through the local organizations or individuals Did white opposition hinder or help the civ
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If nonviolence proved to be a successful strategy for confronting segregation, why had most of the advances in civil rights come through the federal courts and not through the local organizations or individuals? Did white opposition hinder or help the civ
The Jim Crow laws that plagued the United States of America during the 1890’s was the clear illustration of the unfortunate reality that degraded the citizenship rights of African Americans. The racial segregation that was dominant in southern states was due to factual legislation that the state government imposed. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, which clearly gave a mandate of “separate but equal facilities” added more gasoline to the fire. It undoubtedly hindered growth for adequate economic opportunity and give rise to hatred groups such as the KKK. Without a doubt, legislative achievements that were obtained during the reconstruction were completely dissolved. The fact that the idea of “separate by equal” may be feasible to the American society, but the reality of the matter was the fact that nothing was equal. The profound impact of this doctrine was clearly diminishing the power of the federal government to interfere in state affairs to deter another civil war. The Supreme Court’s decision at the Plessy case was further elaborated by Supreme Court justice john Harlan as he states,” “we shall enter upon an era of constitutional law, when the rights of freedom and American citizenship cannot receive from the nation that efficient protection which heretofore was unhesitatingly accorded to slavery and the rights of the master.” Undoubtedly, Harlan himself was alarmed about the non-implementation and the upright ignorance of the 14th Amendment.
To combat this absurd idea of racism and prejudice, the NCAAP became one of the first organizations that advocated for the civil rights. The result was a collaborative effort in which the NAACP initiated the Civil Rights Movement. Nonetheless, frustration continued to mount as the integration blacks in white school was resisted by the mass majority of the white population. Hence, the goal then for Martin Luther King and other civil rights leader was to combat this type of racism through the use of civil disobedience. Well-known to others, the NAACP along with Martin Luther King took inspiration from the Indian leader known as Ghandi, who had used civil disobedience in his efforts to fight for Indian independence against the British. Thus, the push to incorporate civil disobedience through boycotts and “sit-ins” became essential tactics for the Civil Rights movement. One can argue that it was also effective as evidence of changing attitudes were seen throughout nation in which even small businesses began supporting the movement. Clearly, most advances had to come through supreme court because it became the dominant force for progression. Although the NAACP was relentless in their quest to conduct non-violent boycotts, it official had no power to overturn anything. The Civil Rights movement only facilitated and influenced the Supreme Court decision to push for reform. The mass population in America was still hesitant to give equality to African Americans. However, with the push of boycotts and other effective movements, the Supreme Court was able to embed this reform. If the government did not enact the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Title IX, society would not have been forced to progress.
The civil rights act of the 1964 was a critical piece towards the success of the civil rights movement for several reasons. First of all, it eliminated legal discrimination domestically. Secondly, it ended unequal implementation of voter registration. Moreover, it dissolved segregation and school and removed the barriers of using the same facilities in general public. Without this legislation, one could safely say that the movement became dramatically strong. These three acts are vital because they ensure that African Americans can enjoy the basic rights of freedom that had dreamed of in ages. These laws enacted diminished segregation and discrimination and implemented unorthodox legislation that propagated equality. It implemented strict discipline within the spheres of commerce and attempted to dissolve the traditional superiority complex of the “white man’s burden” that dominated the society. Without these laws, one cannot refute the advancements of the Blacks in the modern society. Works Cited
Freedman, Russell. Freedom walkers: the story of the Montgomery bus boycott. New York: Holiday House, 2006. Print.
Fireside, Harvey. Plessy v. Ferguson: separate but equal?. Berkeley Heights: Enslow Publishers, 1997. Print.
Jackson, Kenneth T.. The Ku Klux Klan in the city, 1915-1930 . New York: Oxford
University Press, 1967. Print.
Morris, A. (2011). Fighting for Democracy: Black Veterans and the Struggle Against White Supremacy in the Post War South [review of the Social Forces, 89(3), 1060-1062.  Retrieved July 18, 2011, from ProQuest Education Journals. (Document ID: 2350835711). Read More
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