Download file to see previous pages...
Columbus and Cook share certain traits. Both of them were great travelers and made use of wonderful traveling techniques, yet the fundamental reasons of their travel were totally different from each other. It is also noteworthy that the two had made their journeys at different points in time, and the success or failure of the voyages of Cook was fundamentally influenced by the proceedings of Columbus since he had made his voyages before Cook, thus leaving the latter reduced opportunity of discovering new places. In order to thoroughly understand the underlying causes of travels of the Columbus and Cook, it is imperative that a brief insight to the history of empires is taken. In the 16th century, Habsburg Spain was the heart of first global empire and was a superpower. It had rich culture and the 17th century was a golden era for Spain. It was only after the Peace of Utrecht in 1713 that Spain became deprived of a major share of its power and lost territories in many Low Countries including Italy. In the Continental politics, Spain befell into a second rate nation. Nevertheless, Spain kept hold of its empire overseas. The Genoese sailor, Christopher Columbus was in Spain in 1486, and required support from Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand which he was denied twice, but in the year 1492, Columbus finally gained their support. It was the same year when the last Moorish King of Granada was driven out by Spain. It was a big victory for Spain having achieved which, the Christians of Spanish origin began to dream of triumphing over Islam. Thus, the victory of Christianity was a primary goal of the Spanish Christians. The fundamental reason behind sending Columbus abroad was the spread of Christianity, and accordingly, the empire of Spain. Columbus notes in the letter which appears at the preface of the journal of his first voyage: …Your Highnesses, as Catholic Christians . . . took thought to send me, Christopher Columbus, to the said parts of India, to see those princes and peoples and lands . . . and the manner which should be used to bring about their conversion to our holy faith,… (Columbus cited in Fiske). This explains why Spanish King opted to send Columbus to far off regions. However, complete understanding of the voyages can not be gained without comprehending Columbus’s own interests in making the voyages. On his journey to the western hemisphere, Columbus compiled journals in which he shared his experiences. The journal of Columbus’s first journey conveys his original impressions of the indigenous people of Caribbean islands. The first excerpt mentioned in the book of (Bentley and Herbert 474) essentially depicts the two main reasons of Columbus’s travels, namely commerce and Christianity. These journals have been written by Columbus in an exaggerated manner in order to convince the Spanish Queen into presenting him gold and rewards. Columbus was promised great rewards and power if he succeeded in attaining the objectives of the Spanish empire. Columbus has also mentioned his personal interests in the very letter in these words: Your Highnesses commanded me that, with a sufficient fleet, I should go to the said parts of India, and for this accorded me great rewards and ennobled me so that from that time henceforth I might style myself "Don" and be high admiral of the Ocean Sea and perpetual Governor of the islands and continent which I should discover . . . and that my eldest son
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Katherine’s stepfather was to be the one who married her to James Philips, with whom he was related. There is some speculation as to the age difference between the husband and wife but some hold that the age difference was well over thirty years, at least.
Both agree to trade, although they have different processes. Both agree to religious practice, though they believe in different entities. Both have laws that reject what they believe to endanger their sense of humanity and culture. These social groups have been in conflict since the beginning of time.
Because of colonisation and implementation of various government legislations and policies, the Indigenous Australians lost their cultural identity and became disempowered. These policies worked against the interests of people of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islands and helped pastoralists and other such groups who spread across Australia rapidly setting up stations and farms by using resources from the Indigenous people without paying them appropriately (Anderson and Grossman, 2003).
They have an identity as themselves and should be regarded as themselves (Streich 2009). In other words, indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those who have long occupied this world even before invasion or pre-colonial societies. They are distinct from other sectors of the society that dominates in those territories.
The moralistic myth or its own independence is the same delusion other countries have evangelized races and countries in order to take their land and identities away. Africa is one such case. There are more than 100 ethnic groups in Africa that trace their history through hundreds of years before people from the West started coming to conquer them.
The research constitutes highlighting the negative impact of globalization on the lives of indigenous people. Since the impact has been many fronts with the economic impact being mainly discussed, this research has attempted to highlight the changes this globalization factor has posed to the lives of indigenous people on social and cultural aspects.
The improved transport system enabled goods or raw materials such as cotton to be transported from the countryside to towns for manufacturing. This was followed by introduction of the factory system and industries leading to growth of towns and cities and consequently mass migration of locals to towns to look for jobs.
st that these aboriginal people have preserved the social, political, cultural and economic features, overtly different from the rest of the world, with indomitable spirits (UNPFII). However, the immaculate contribution of the tribal communities, still needs to be explicitly
s recent work, Patterns of Democracy, Lijphart (1999) supports ‘consensus’ democracy, or an adjusted variation of consociational democracy, as the perfect type of governance for any state, not only extremely divided states. In contrast to the widely held wisdom that
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Comparative analysis on early contacts involving indigenous peoples and European explorers for FREE!