SHOULD GLOBAL INTEREST BE PLACED AHEAD OF NATIONAL INTEREST Introduction 3 Discussion 3 Conclusion 7 References 7 Introduction The concept of globalization has entered almost in all areas of our lives be it business, language, education, culture, lifestyle and other psychological and social behavior patterns…
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This proliferation of globalization has totally changed the concept of business, and its role not only in defining the respective economies, but also shaping cultural, political and social values. It is argued that we are fast losing our unique identity and the concept of global citizenship instead of nationalist attitude is fast gaining momentum. Global identity has transcends all geographic boundaries and has defined mass behavior and consumption patterns. It has resulted in globalization of businesses, economies, societies and even to some extent, globalization of human capital. This paper aims at studying whether global interests should be given priority over national interests? What is more beneficial? Is there any clash between the interests of the two? Discussion Globalization is argued as the most contested concept that refers to the shrinkage of time and space. Manfred Steger defined globalization as “A social condition characterized by tight global economic, political, cultural and environmental interconnections and flows that make most of the currently existing borders and boundaries irrelevant.” There can be many different social manifestations of globalization. One perspective can be about individualism, competition and capitalism while other can be about cooperation and communal norms. It gives globalization an indeterminate character. The term globalization refers to a social process that transforms our present social identity that is bounded with nationality into a global identity. What we observe today is global cities like New York, London, and Tokyo etc that has transcended regional, local and national boundaries. This global imagery is growing people’s perception of belonging to a global community (Steger). What we are experiencing right now is a period of global change. People all around the globe are affected by common economic, political and social and environmental changes. Hence globalization has economic, social and environmental dimensions. These global changes include increased competition, fluctuating interest rates, advancements in technology, ecological and climate changes, the fall of communism, rise of China, and the growing ethnic violence. Each individual is affected in some way by all these global changes. These global changes have made the globalization inevitable. These interconnected global change are neither omnipresent nor a uniform process. Its impact has also varied greatly in intensity from country to country to country and individual to individual. Its implications are often unexpected and consequences can be good or bad depending on the setting (Schaeffer). Globalization makes the distance or location irrelevant or at the least very less important. Ideas, technology, books, capital and human resource etc has transcended all geographical boundaries. It travels very easily, fluidly at an unimaginable speed. In fact its geographical location has become irrelevant, and it even does not have to move from one place to another. The main driving forces behind this aspect of globalization are technological and economic forces. This delocalization aspect of globalization has its political and cultural implications as well. It includes all aspects and manner in which social life is alienated from its local context. Vulnerability of national boundaries has also increased as a result of globalization. Flow of capital, knowledge
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The need is to look after a cause and fulfill it. The objective of these interest groups is to have a control basis with the help of influence as per the public policy realms. One thing is for certainty within these interest groups – the members do not wish to have any political control which speaks much about these interest groups in essence.
This essay stresses that the relationship between interest groups and political parties is one of significance. This is because the interest groups liaise with these political parties yet do not form a vital part of their working basis. It would be correct to state that the political process is best handled by these political parties.
The American Red Cross a good example of an interest group in the United States that despite not being political in nature, its interests are in trying to influence the government, as well as helping the needy people. Other examples of interest groups are highlighted in the paper.
Their members have a common mission to serve a certain purpose. They ideally want their mission to be fulfilled after they have made their cause known to everyone within the society. Moving ahead with the definition, these interest groups have a definite objective attached to their entirety.
This has also been due to the changes of interest of these groups over time. They play a significant role in representing the needs of the people to the elected officials. These groups focus on one issue or take the broad view of the society. They are specifically concerned with policymaking process.
If it fails in that purpose, then it doesn’t function even primary purpose of its existence. Peter Drucker, the management guru, once said that a company was like an organ in a human body. Its purpose was to serve the body which means the society or the country.
It includes different members who belong to serve a cause which is of a common nature. One must understand that an interest group has a clear cut mission to assert control through influence within the public policy realms. In essence, the interest groups do not look to play an active part within the political control settings and stay away from such nuances.
Interest groups are formed by individuals with a common role or cause, and they have different structures and sizes, with some having many members, while others have no members at all. In the same way, some are organized in formal ways with bylaws, leaders, members, and holding of meetings regularly, while others are not organized in any formal way, hence loosely knit and have a few rules, with no leaders.
The author states that currently the politics of Takastand are solely handled by one political party which is against the rules and regulations of democracy. Since this political party is also found to be supported by international criminal networks while enjoying complete authority over the police and military forces.