We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Historical Roots of the Conflict Leading to Genocide in Rwanda - Essay Example

Comments (1)
Summary
Genocide in Rwanda
According to an estimate 5-10 per cent of Rwanda’s population was exterminated between second week of April and third week of May 1994, it proved to be the highest casualty rate of human population caused by non-natural factors (Prunier 261-265). …
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Historical Roots of the Conflict Leading to Genocide in Rwanda
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Historical Roots of the Conflict Leading to Genocide in Rwanda

Download file to see previous pages... There is a consensus about the multiplicity of the factors involved in the conflicts in Africa. Rwanda’s 1994 genocide case is not exception (Villier qtd. in Gaparayi 4).There are several views when it comes to defining the causes of conflict, major focus of this paper is to identify and analyze the historical roots of the conflicts that led to genocide in Rwanda in 1994.
Brief Overview of Factors
In order to identify the cause of conflicts that led to genocide in Rwanda, some argue that its root cause is embedded in pre-colonial political and social structures of Rwanda (Kangura 1995; J-J. Maquet 1961) while others argue that it initiated by the imposition of colonial powers which was a system of ethnic identity and political/administrative structures that led to division in Rwandan society (qtd. in Gaparayi 3).Moreover, colonial imposition was conserved by two Hutu regimes since independence which finally led to the conflicts and 1994’s genocide (Fundi qtd. in Gaparayi 3).
Ethnic and Social Identities and Roots
Rwandan people are composed of two major groups, Hutu and Tutsi. Hutu are in majority comprising nearly 85 per cent of the population, Tutsi are 15 per cent while a third minority group Twa or pygmies comprise 1 per cent of total population. Hutu are considered to be settlers from south and west while the Tutsi people came to Rwanda after Hutu people from the north and east. These two groups organized themselves in semi-autonomous communities and established links through trade, marriage, and other social engagements. According to estimates, nearly half of Rwandans today have both Tutsi and Hutu ancestors. Therefore, a group of scholars believe that the difference among them were social and economical rather than their ethnic identity (IJR 7).Despite similarities and shared culture, there are several factors that separated Tutsi and Hutu throughout history and kept the tension building. Tutsi Oppression Irrespective of their origins, these groups lived on same hills and shared similar social and political culture where identities are divided more into clans rather than ethnicity. It continued until the second of half of nineteenth century. Tutsi King Rwabugiri (1860-95) intervened into the Hutu and Tutsi’s autonomous relationship by introducing a form of feudal labor. According to this setting, Hutu access to land was allowed in return for labor. On the other hand, it exalted Tutsi status to cattle farmers. However, historical evidence suggests that these differing lines between Hutu and Tutsi continually blurred. It is because laborers acquired upward social mobility and status of Tutsi by getting cattle though marriages, barter, and trade. At the same time, some Tutsi became Hutus because of their declining economic conditions (IJR 7). Colonial Roots The Rwandan conflict was historically ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment
de
devanklocko added comment 11 days ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay was always my weak point. I could never finish it successfully. Still, after I found this precise essay, I understood how it should be completed. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the essay in several hours, instead of months as it was previously.
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
United Nations and Rwanda Genocide
It basically aimed to influence all the countries of the world through economic progress, social security and international law. Presently it has 192 Member states which have to follow the rules laid down by the UN in the general assembly along with 5 permanent states and 10 non permanent states in the Security Council.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Rwanda Genocide
One of the most outright and horrific displays of this destructive force was seen in the German treatment of the Jewish race before and during the Second World War. These events were part of the holocaust, associated with the Nazi notions of racial superiority especially in contrast with their notion of Jewish inferiority.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Rwanda Genocide Before, During and After
The population aligns with Christianity, Islam, or Traditional African religions. The Hutus were small-scale agriculturists whose socio-political structure was based on the clans. The head of the clans were Kings, or Bahinza. The Bahinza were regarded as deity-like figures and derived their status from this belief.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Rwanda Genocide Essay
All of these steps are horrible and gruesome, but their ultimate acting together forms the horrible scene that is genocide. The steps of genocide can also be shortened to four more direct steps, as decided by the United Nations in 1948. This definition of genocide narrows the steps down to "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Representing Genocide in Rwanda Genocide Memorials
This means that 10 years down the line, close to three point five million lives were lost. The genocide was a case of ethnic hatred and segregation. The government had been taken over by the Interahamwe militias. This group believed that the majority tribe which was the Hutu tribe was the only one with a right to live.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Genocide in Rwanda
This paper intends to retrace the failures of these countries in preventing the bloody genocide that killed almost a million Rwandans in an effort to gain knowledge for future study on the catastrophic effects of supreme political greed. As we browse deeper into the annals of our history, we cannot simply dismiss the fact that man has taken the ultimate pride and joy in another one's downfall.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
Explain how blood diamonds have helped prolong conflict in Africa
This is a volatile mix. As recent history has shown, the international diamond trade has played an important role in fuelling armed conflict and extreme violence in Africa. From Angola to the
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
Rwanda genocide
Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled, by the ‘superior’, as ‘inferior’, which has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Such acts of violence have resulted
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Summary about the Rwanda Genocide
This essay will focus on one of the most inhumane episodes the world has ever witnessed. The 1994 genocide in Rwanda happened in 100 days leaving scores of people injured, separated and the majority of its victims dead. Hundreds of thousands died during these 100 days. The
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Was ethnicity the cause of the Rwandan genocide
Despite rich natural resources the continent has, Africa has not fully utilised these endowments to achieve economic recognition in
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Historical Roots of the Conflict Leading to Genocide in Rwanda for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us