quora
Nobody downloaded yet

13th and 14th century european Scholasticism - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Universities were established in Europe for the first time during 11th century and in next four centuries fifty more universities were established. The first university established was University of Bologna and it was founded by law students…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
13th and 14th century european Scholasticism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"13th and 14th century european Scholasticism"

Download file to see previous pages There were twenty three universities in Europe during 1300 and by 14th century end twenty two more universities were founded. Training was provided in arts, law, medicine and theology. Legal study was done by a large minority of students (Hilde DeRidder-Symoens, 596) Training was given in canon and civil law to large number of students. Privileges Students were all from other countries and it was the time when Justinian Code of Roman Civil Law was rediscovered. University of Bologna became the most preeminent site for obtaining legal scholarship and the students of this university formed a cooperation called ‘universitas’ the corporation of scholars. The corporation aimed to protect the rights of these students and to obtain recognition officially. Teachers in Paris incorporated themselves and established an organizational model for the university. As large number of people was trained with common text in same subject network formation was also encouraged by these students. Training in law led to formation and development of civil, administrative and merchant laws along with staffing of court. This also led to enforcement of contracts for solving fundamental issues (McAdams, Richard H 509). Subjects Undergraduate programs were provided in seven liberal arts. Training of argumentation and reasoning came under trivium of logic, rhetoric and grammar which helped to know how the truth can be known and how it can be conveyed to others. Music, arithmetic, astronomy and geometry quadrivium explained the natural laws of universe. Neither Roman nor Greek classical literature was part of curriculum. Students were to listen to prescribed works of writers which were read to them by instructors who had masters’ degree in the Faculty of arts. After reading the text it was explained to students by these instructors along with their comments. Difficult issues were solved as debates conducted in University in which both students and faculty participated. Most of the students were less than twelve years of age and only a few of them completed six years study for getting enrolled as graduates (Acemoglu, Daron and Simon Johnson 949). Mode of study and life Students of arts during medieval period were like school boys and not like university students of today. He was supposed to listen and remember the lectures given by their masters’ and never compiled research papers or wrote essays that were expository. The students were not using library and most universities didn’t even allowed the students to use libraries. Medicine was not a separate branch of study till middle of 13th century. Later it developed in to a separate branch and the students were to follow verbal commentaries, definition, argument, deference to text of authority etc. There was no observation or clinical experience (James Robinson 579). Those students who were really ambitious wished to obtain higher degrees and for the same remained in universities itself. Usually it was students who were studying for master degree in theology who were used to give lecture to graduate students of arts. It was usual for faculties of medicine, canon law and civil law to prepare graduate students in arts for obtaining professional career. In all these students were to listen to readings of masters from texts prescribed and comments there on (Garc??a y Garc??a, Antonio 105). Books were also needed for preparing for disputes. Disputes were public performances were the lecturer used to give a question and present critical answers to it including both negative and positive aspects. These positive and negative aspects were supported by quotes from Bible and Church Fathers. Books were also very costly before printing became popular ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“13th and 14th century european Scholasticism Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1424382-13th-and-14th-century-european-scholasticism
(13th and 14th Century European Scholasticism Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/history/1424382-13th-and-14th-century-european-scholasticism.
“13th and 14th Century European Scholasticism Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1424382-13th-and-14th-century-european-scholasticism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ni
nigeltrantow added comment 1 month ago
Student rated this paper as
Useful paper! Used it to complete an assignment for a history course. It was easy as ABC, for the first time in my life.
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
European Business
Looking at the overall EU business exports, the following figure shows a major reduction in proportion of businesses that exported in 2006. This was mainly because of the weakened export opportunities within the EU. Poland was the only country which showed no change in export patterns which is reflected in the benefits it received in its run-up for the EU accession (Thornton 2006).
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
EUROPEAN UNION
ll review the theory of democratic deficit and determine whether the organization is indeed plagued by a Democratic Deficit or purported lack of democracy and appears inaccessible to the ordinary citizen because of its complex structure. We will also attempt to present the
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
European Integration
The memorandum was produced for the French government as a proposal for the European Union in 1930. As such European integration can, therefore, be said to be the process of cooperation of the European states and those states that are partly in Europe. The integration is on legal, political social and even economical platforms.
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper
The High Middle Ages
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and followed by the Late Middle Ages, which by convention ends around 1500. The key historical trend of the High Middle Ages was the rapidly increasing population of Europe, which brought about great social and political change from the preceding era.
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper
Scholasticism
This term paper presents a critical overview, analysis and refection of Scholasticism in regard to its historical development and application in discourse. The paper begins with a comprehensive definition of Scholasticism followed by an illustration of its application in theology instruction and a discussion of its characteristics and roles over various phases or periods in history.
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
Influence of African Art on European and American Art since 19th century
The study done by Sey shows that European and American artists were drawn to African sculpture because of its sophisticated approach to the abstraction of the human figure. However, they were not impressed by the creativity involved.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Developments in the 19th Century that Drove the Shifts in Imperial Policies and Practices of European Empires during New Imperia
This dominance was in the form of economic penetration or complete annexation. There was no region in the world that was not penetrated by explorers, merchants or missionaries from Europe. New Imperialism is understood as the significant shift that occurred in the processes and policies of imperialism, particularly in the late-nineteenth century to early twentieth-century Europe.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
European culture
It differentiates the affiliates of one group of people from another. People from different cultures always think, feel and act differently (Goldstein, & Council of Europe, 2005). People manifest their culture in different ways such as symbols and rituals. Values are the
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
14th Amendment
The Constitution of the United States of America was enforced on September 17th, 1787. Since then there have been many attempts to reconstruct the rules of governance by amending the written document. According to a report collectively there are nearly twelve thousand attempts and reshaping the constitution.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Why was the 14th century so disastrous
During this period, Europe made rapid progress in the output of precious minerals and metals. Its rapid increase of mathematics and intellectual capabilities was widely known, especially due to mechanical and water power discoveries (University of
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic 13th and 14th century european Scholasticism for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us