Nobody downloaded yet

Burke's arguments against the French Revolution - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Burke’s work concerns two important consequences of the French Revolution. First, is his focus on aspects connected with the ‘terror’, and second, are those aspects of French thought which had gone into informing the general tenets of individual liberty and democracy…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.5% of users find it useful
Burkes arguments against the French Revolution
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Burke's arguments against the French Revolution"

Download file to see previous pages Burke’s work concerns two important consequences of the French Revolution. First, is his focus on aspects connected with the ‘terror’, and second, are those aspects of French thought which had gone into informing the general tenets of individual liberty and democracyBurke’s work concerns two important consequences of the French Revolution with respect to the present discussion. First, is his focus on aspects connected with the ‘terror’, and second, are those aspects of French thought which had gone into informing the general tenets of individual liberty and democracy. In both senses, and to the extent that these are examined mostly from a historical standpoint, he is deeply concerned with the consequences of various forms of change. That is, and in his own words, he is not interested in problems in the “abstract principles” [Burke, 1987: 109] . The terror is a period of history marking the French Revolution, and it is characterized as the term suggests, with extreme acts of depravity. During the reign of the French terror, priests, aristocrat's and various sympathizers were often indiscriminately burned or hanged – and, private property suffered a similar fate: “frauds, impostures, violences, rapines, burnings, murders, confiscations, compulsory paper currencies, and every description of tyranny and cruelty employed to bring about and to uphold this Revolution have their nature effect, that is, to shock the moral sentiments of all virtuous and sober minds, the abettors of this philosophic system immediately strain their throats in a declamation against the old monarchical government of France” [Burke, 1987: 108]. The ‘terror’ poses a number of problems for Burke. It was a period of history – contemporary as he writes this work, where freedom was equated with a complete disregard for “moral sentiments of all virtuous and sober minds”. For Burke, the lack of hierarchy and political authority, results in barbarous extremes or indeed, chaos. He does equivocate in his condemnation of this situation, but what is important, is that it informs his judgment of what ‘the state of nature’ or a ‘state without authority’ is characteristic of. As a subject of Britain, he raises much concerning the Revolution of 1688, but sees a far more positive outcome. The ‘Glorious Revolution’ in Britain, brought about the institution of Parliament, and for Burke the English predilection to constitutional authority, is much preferred to the terror in this respect. Aside from the extremes of the ‘terror’, he views greater autonomy and freedom with cultural and not simply political repercussions. In this sense, he might be regarded as a Platonist or an elitist. That is, a hierarchy must be maintained not simply to exert direct political control or authority, but also to convey a moral standard or what might be described as a standard of ‘taste’, so to speak. By this, it is implied to the extent that he is critical of the ‘decadence’ that greater freedom and autonomy (especially in Britain) has brought about. One could describe this social criticism as essentially a critique of the ‘nouveau riche’, over and against the preferred sentiments of aristocratic values. Concerning the nouveau riche, for example, he asserts: “Why should the expenditure of a great landed property, which is a dispersion of the surplus product of the soil, appear intolerable to you or to me when it takes its course through the accumulation of vast libraries [Burke, 1987: 142]. The freedom of the many – or, even a ‘select’ many (e.g. the Bourgeoisie) is a condition which Burke is deeply critical of.. The above passage suggests that ‘wealth’ or “surplus” is better spent on the preservation of libraries than on the forms of entertainment that appealed to the growing middle classes. The status quo for Burke, is a hierarchy which is not merely constitutional, but also social. His criticism of freedom is thus political and social. Thus, the undermining of authority for Burke, can be understood as extending from both direct (the terror) and indirect forms (cultural, e.g. the ‘nouveau riche’), and in both senses, he regards the consequences as central with respect to what he does regard as the proper political authorit ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Burke's arguments against the French Revolution Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1420633-1-explain-and-evaluate-burkeyies-arguments-against-the-french-revolution-2-why-machiavelli-seem-to-have-the-best-understandin
(Burke'S Arguments Against the French Revolution Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1420633-1-explain-and-evaluate-burkeyies-arguments-against-the-french-revolution-2-why-machiavelli-seem-to-have-the-best-understandin.
“Burke'S Arguments Against the French Revolution Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1420633-1-explain-and-evaluate-burkeyies-arguments-against-the-french-revolution-2-why-machiavelli-seem-to-have-the-best-understandin.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Burke's arguments against the French Revolution

French Revolution

...?French Revolution (1789-1799) The French Revolution was a period of social and political changes that had a strong impact not only on France but also on Europe as a whole. The Revolution started in the year 1789 and continued till 1799. Absolute monarchy that ruled over France for several hundred years was overthrown by the common people to bring new principles of equal rights and privileges. This paper focuses on the origin and social causes of the revolution. Origin The immediate cause that led to the revolution was bankruptcy of the French government. The participation of the French...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

French Revolution

.... This greatly affected the 19th century Europe and sparked a series of revolutions rallied that rallied behind nationalism and liberalism. The august 1789 saw the abolition of the feudal privileges that swept the entire property ownership system of feudalism and serfdom. The French philosopher; Rousseau Montesque wakened the people against the injustice the faced and inspired them to revolt. Most events happened during the revolution. This began with redefining the National Assembly from 1789-1791. Other great principles include the declaration of human rights, fraternity and equality. This was culminated by imprisonment of both king and queen, and their eventual...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

French revolution

...the declaration of rights of man, which arose from the French revolution (Hunt 98). In both revolutions, the war got fought by discontent lower classes. In America, the colonials fought against the British royalty who took over their land and political freedom. In France, the peasants fought against the nobles who got served with privileges by their ancient regime. Both the American and French revolutions got successful in their pursuits. The French government system shifted from a monarchy into a republic while the colonies in America became the United States. The Dutch revolution also...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

French Revolution

...argument and jargon that there is yet to be, are our French Revolution: God grant that we, with out better methods, may be able to transact it by argument alone! Political Causes Monarchy and the idea of Absolutism which stated that the monarch was bestowed by divine powers to rule became weak in the face of ideas presented by the Enlightenment and the nobles' struggle against it. For instance, the conflict within the Parlements. Abuse of power, corruption and the king's inability to rule effectively were the main political causes of the French Revolution Financial Problems But more than these, the state finances...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

French and American Revolution

... Type Here French Revolution vs. American Revolution: Different Outcomes Type here The French Revolution and American Revolution were the culminating points in the history of their respective nations. Although both of these revolutions were aimed to relieve the people from excessive taxes that were put upon them, they both had very different aims and both were targeted towards the rulers, American revolution were against the Britain Colonial System in America, whereas the French Revolution was against a Monarch, who ruled France at that time. These revolutions took place in the latter part of 1700s. However, one must keep in mind that both of these revolutions were triggered because of the economic reasons. (Albert Mathiez, 2003... of the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The French Revolution

...in France, Williams still argued through her writings that the violence associated with the French revolution did not invalidate the ideals of humanity that were enshrined in the Enlightenment. However, because she was one of the writers aligning herself with the revolutionaries, she, along with Yearsley, were frowned upon in British society as supportive of acts in women which were against the traditional notions of feminity. Women participating in the French revolution were completely against the norm for ladies from England to be involved in or supportive of and both these poets supported the cause of the French...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

French Revolution

.... The aim and cry that was pinned against the French Revolution was that of democracy. Very early in the course of activities that unfolded during the revolution, the revolution lost its impact. This can be supported and said on the basis of the fact that entities like Reign of Terror came into existence(Lutz and Lutz, 194). Reign of terror, as the name would imply was one outright reactionary, and non elected entity. It was completely violent in its outlook and it worked on principles of revolt and reactionary mindset. Revolutionary measures and not evolutionary measures was the cry and manifesto of Reign of Terror. The slaying of the King in an inhumane...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

French revolution, social revolution

...French revolution The French revolution is a period covering the years 1789 to 1799 in the history of France. During this time, the monarchy and churches were overthrown and restructured respectively causing the rise to democracy and nationalism. Causes: France was hit by financial difficulties for over a century. The Louis XIV wars caused debts that grew after the wars fought in the 18th century. This wars caused affected even Britain, but they did not go bankrupt because, in Britain everyone paid tax including clergy and the nobles. In France, only the citizens paid tax. As a result, the government could not levy enough tax to fill in the deficit as the citizen’s anger...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

French Revolution

...French Revolution Introduction French Revolution had colossal effect on entire Europe. This French revolution was a significant part of the western civilization. The western society was influenced by the developments that took place in Europe between eighteenth and nineteenth century. This particular essay will determine number of connections between socialism, liberalism, romanticism and other several events during 1789 and 1850. Discussion The development that took place in entire Europe during eighteenth and nineteenth century had a direct impact on Europe’s economy, social-life and culture. During this period of time western...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

French Revolution

...to the discussion about the impact of foreign events on France during the period 1789-1906 because it includes an explanation of the roots of numerous crises, wars, and revolutions. Furthermore, the author discusses the cultural, economic, and social changes in France during the period, as well as France’s international relations. Marisa Linton, Robespierre and the Terror, History Today, Volume 56 Issue 8, 2006 Robespierre and the Terror by Marisa Linton is a readable discourse on contemporary terrorism based on French history. The author is Kingston University’s Reader in History and has written widely on 18th-century French culture and politics and the French...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Burke's arguments against the French Revolution for FREE!

Contact Us