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Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War and the 9/11: Three Moments of Watershed in American History - Assignment Example

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Cuban Missile Crisis is one the most important moments in the Cold War period, not only for America but also for the whole world. Both the superpowers, USSR and the United States of America were on the verge of nuclear war during the time…
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Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War and the 9/11: Three Moments of Watershed in American History
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Download file to see previous pages Cuban Missile Crisis is one the most important moments in the Cold War period, not only for America but also for the whole world. Both the superpowers, USSR and the United States of America were on the verge of nuclear war during the time.The crisis was a conflict among USSR, Cuba and the USA in October 1962. In 1958, the USA installed medium and intermediate range ballistic nuclear missiles in Western European countries, which had threatened the security of the USSR. To retaliate the American aggression, the USSR and the Cuban government surreptitiously started building bases for nuclear missiles in Cuba, this had jeopardized American defense. Kennedy Administration "arbitrarily and superficially made a distinction between the Soviet "offensive" missiles in Cuba and the American "defensive" missiles in Turkey when in fact both were emplaced in allied countries for defensive purposes” (436). During the crisis, both the parties took aggressive stand and shown reluctance to retreat. However, through secret back channel negotiations the crisis ended. The U.S.A. assured the USSR that they would not harm Castro government in Cuba and withdrew all missiles installed in Western countries. On this promise, the USSR uninstalled all missiles from Cuba. However, the Cuban Missile Crisis showed the fallacy of Cold War. People became more aware of leaving politics to the experts as the world could be destroyed by a single atom bomb. Vietnam War The War on Vietnam was one of the blunders ever the United States has made and it subsequently tasted its first ever military defeat. The Vietnam War was not the result of the spontaneous intervention of America in the civil war in Vietnam. Daum are of the view that “by contrast, escalating American involvement in Vietnam and Indochina more generally was charted by a succession of presidents and their civilian and military advisers at the highest levels in Washington” (32). Prolonged military stay in the Vietnam badly affected the reputation of the United States government both within the country and the outside world. In 1973, U.S.A stopped its combat role the country. The United States paid huge price for the war in terms of both human lives and economic development. It diminished the faith of people in the American government and the war took high toll on exchequer which was felt by the lower sections in its all intensity. However, Vietnam war marked the beginning of great political mobilization of American people who are against their elite’s imperialist adventures. Vietnam War resulted in the greater weakening of the American ruling classes. They lost their psychological grip not only the ordinary people in America but also the freedom-loving people from across the world. The 9/11 On September 11, 2001, a major terrorist attack took place in the USA. Al-Qaeda’s terrorists crashed two hijacked airliners into the World Trade Center, in New York City. This attack really shaken the nation and it was one of the important international moment after the end of Cold War. 9/11’s attack was a turning point in American history as the attack changed defense and foreign policies of the nation. People were psychologically affected after the attack and feeling of insecurity started haunting them. According to Dolfman and Wasser, "the tragic events of 9/11 had a significant impact on the economy and labor market of New York City, and its repercussions were felt throughout the country. The effects of the attack, along with a weakening national and global economy, helped to create an extremely volatile economic environment in the city" (4). The terrorist attack also gave birth to the war on terror wherein the United States has attacked two countries, Afghanistan and Iraq, to prevent the menace of terrorism. However, in both this military advances, the United States trapped herself into a quagmire. Works Cited ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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