It was not easy for Abraham Lincoln to issue the emancipation proclamation in 1862. The decision was critical to the union's success in the civil war. After watching the third episode of Ken Burns’s documentary, one could say that being the president of the United States during the civil war, Lincoln must have been so stressed and pressured by the divided American people. As the country's chief executive, he had faced many political struggles. He must have been so distressed to see the many soldiers who died just to preserve the union. He was actually caught in the middle during the civil war. He could not immediately decide whether to completely free the slaves or not. Lincoln wanted to maintain all the allies of the union as well as to heed the moral call of his people. To note, when the civil war started, some of the union states were in favor of slavery. These states (the border states) believed that slavery was crucial to their economic stability. West Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri were the so called border states. Most of them wanted to side with the union while some chose to be neutral grounds. Lincoln wanted to preserve this political situation.The border states such as Maryland and Kentucky were important to the union. Lincoln was afraid to lose these border states. He did not want these states to become confederate members. Kentucky was actually active in slave trade. It was against any governmental act that would free the slaves.