quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Michigan's Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Polybrominated biphenyl crisis in Michigan The PBB (Polybrominated biphenyl) crisis in Michigan is considered one of the worst chemical contaminations of the US. Its impact has been considered extensive and prolonged and to date, its effects are still being felt and its issues unresolved…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Michigans Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Michigan's Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s"

Download file to see previous pages The Michigan Chemical Corporation in St. Louis, Michigan was the main producer of the FireMaster brand of these PBB flame retardants. The brand FireMaster BP-6 was made out of a mixture of various PBB congeners with 2,2’,4,4’,5,5’-hexabromobiphenyl and 2,2’3,4,4’,5,5’-heptabromobiphenyl as major components based on mass2. Other components of FireMaster products include bromochlorobiphenyls and polybrominated naphthalenes3. These components combined created the unfortunate animal and human health consequences seen in the Michigan chemical disaster. The FireMaster BP-6, in 1973, was accidentally added to livestock feed which was then distributed to various farms in Michigan4. Shortly thereafter, various livestock started dying. About 1.5 million chickens, 30,000 cattle, 5900 pigs, and about 1400 sheep died immediately after being contaminated and their carcasses were managed in landfills in different parts of the state5. About a year would pass before the animals would be culled6. This incident was caused by poor labeling procedures of the company with thousands of pounds of FireMaster being mistakenly labeled as magnesium oxide and delivered to companies manufacturing animal feed. After contamination, most of the animals exhibited mild symptoms like disorientation; others however became very much sick, manifesting internal bleeding and skin lesions. Others died immediately after contamination7. ...
hey did not know the actual cause of these deaths and most of them did not perceive that the tainted meat from these livestock would imply a major health threat9. As a result, meat from some of the sick animals was added into the animal feed. This caused further contamination of other animals. Meat from the healthy cows was also sold in the markets for human consumption10. Moreover, chickens which were fed the contaminated feeds lay eggs which were also tainted with PBBs. All in all, thousands of people in Michigan were actually ingesting PBB-contaminated foods and did not even know about it11. Symptoms of PBB poisoning among humans is often based on the amount or level of contamination; mostly it includes stomach problems, abnormal bleeding, loss of balance, skin lesions, and a decreased resistance to diseases12. Many farmers and their families developed health issues attributed to PBB contamination and in general, the long-term impact of PBB among Michigan residents is still persistent because of the long-term impact of the PBBs13. In fact, it would take more years to pass before the full impact of the contamination would ever be known. The disaster also gained much attention for their continued impact on livestock, with nearly all of the large dairy farms in Michigan reporting cattle and other animal deaths14. Many of their cows also started aborting and most of them soon started to look sick, with their coats becoming mangy and hooves overgrowing. Consultants from the Michigan Department of Agriculture launched their investigation of these incidents; however, they too could not establish the cause of these incidents15. Eventually however, investigators uncovered that chemical workers at the Michigan Chemical Corporation mistakenly mixed chemical polybrominated ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Michigan's Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s Essay”, n.d.)
Michigan's Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1402319-michigans-responce-to-the-pbb-crisis-in-the-1970s
(Michigan'S Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s Essay)
Michigan'S Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1402319-michigans-responce-to-the-pbb-crisis-in-the-1970s.
“Michigan'S Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1402319-michigans-responce-to-the-pbb-crisis-in-the-1970s.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
hu
huelsjannie added comment 5 days ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "Michigan's Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s" was impossible to find. I spent countless hours to find it. Here at StudentShare, I got the most decent example. Many thanks!
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Crisis
There was no forewarning of the intensity of the flood waters and the inundation; of the inaccessible roads and the long-lasting effect that it would leave. My family is from New Orleans and while my twin sister and I had moved out, my parents and a sister still lived there. Fortunately, they managed to evacuate in time but lost everything in the floods.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Crisis
There are advantages and disadvantages for choosing between following the prevailing marketing strategies that have existed form many years and changing to the more dynamic and chaotic strategy of a fast paced business environment. The business environment consists of internal environment composed of employees and owners or investors and creditors and the external environment composed of the customers, suppliers, competitors, government,
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
The Sitcoms of the 1970s
Idealism would be replaced by realism and experimentation would take the place of formula. Television began to be broadcast in full color and with it came the understanding that television was America. But who were these Americans They were reflected in the thirty-minute weekly episodes of television's mainstay, the sitcom.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
CRISIS
The vision of this business is to be a leading company in advising visitors from all over the world how to plan their travelling schedule. In this manner, people will be able to understand what type of activities our
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Crisis
y in that definition is the word change, bearing in mind that a crisis occurs without prior warning it is paramount to manage it well to minimize the effects. These can only occur if an effective plan for management is in place. Therefore, strategies and measures used in
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Responce
Introverts value their privacy and really appreciate things to be done low key, this is due to their shy nature (Ewen, R. 1998).  It is important to know how to approach introverts. They
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Crisis
an obstacle or the period when individuals experience a negative mood shift and are commonly disorganized and insuperable by the use of customary methods of problem solving, within which many attempts to abort changes are made. Crisis state usually cannot be resolved by using
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Crisis
cation process at Northeastern Hi-Speed Railways (NERR) adheres to the goals set by the team key among which is the need to protect the reputation and integrity of the company. Additionally, the company promises not to lie, deny or hide involvement in case of a crisis while the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Crisis
There were so many speculations on what may have influenced the two teens, seventeen, and eighteen to carry out such a crime. On the material day, at exactly 11:19a.m, Eric and Dylan wore trench coats and entered the school compound shooting their
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Research report about Movie Mavericks: Creativity, Crisis and Change in 1970s Hollywood
This research seeks to understand how the histories provided by Hillier (Forty years of change: Hollywood from the 1940’s to the1980’s) and Elsaesser’s ‘Notes on the unmotivated hero; the pathos of failure; American films in the 70’s’ come to highlight different aspects of the film industry yet equally maintain their statuses as ‘histories’ and not simply perspectives.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Michigan's Responce to the PBB Crisis in the 1970s for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us