Generally our society and culture are related to each other in a way that culture is bound to reflect the people’s beliefs, values, and practice in a society. Therefore the changes in a society are also reflected in the existing culture. …
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Therefore the changes in a society are also reflected in the existing culture. Cultural art is also expected to replicate those beliefs and practices of the people of a cultural community since the scope of traditional cultural art is, to a great extent, restrained by the societal power factors, such as the state authority, various social organizations, and established dissident groups. Unlike the traditional dominant culture, subculture is formed by a group of people who do not go along with the line of existing beliefs and practices. Therefore, subcultural art is more rigorous to dissent against certain aspects of the society what the subcultural people believed to be oppressive and tyrannical. The most effective but the non-violent forms that the subcultural people use to demonstrate against tyrannical entity in a society are art and music. Whereas the dominant cultural arts are confined to criticize any ailing social aspects in mild and insinuative metaphorical expressions, subcultural arts and music often are found to follow a more sarcastic way. (Smith 112) The use of art to demonstrate and to dissent against the tyrannical social aspects was the most extensive in the post Second World War period. Indeed the rising subcultural demonstration was a response to the drastic socioeconomic and political changes in the countries that were primarily supposed to be induced by the drastic transitions in the global power structure and economy due to some epoch-making historical events such as the fall colonial power, the Second Word War, the Cold War and the economic depressions of the 1960s. (Klamer 35-36) Background of the Study Rapid urbanizations with the blessings of science and technology, the massive practice of the rationalistic view of human life, the decay of blind and rigorous religiosity, the massive awareness of man’s rights and roles in the political power especially in democracy, and the rise of the industrial working class gave birth to innumerous cultural and countercultural movements in the post Second World War period and especially in the 1960s. Whereas the traditional cultural art and literature were found to be preoccupied with the prospects of an elegant life based on the blessings of science and technology, the subcultural art and music primarily focused on the consequential negative impacts of the modernity-induced transformations in the society. Lack of a stable and established cultural basis exclusively marked the societies in the 1960s. Various social movements and counter social movements were violently competing with each other to grab a strong hold in the disordered and transient social context. This tumultuous social context was further aggravated by the economic depression of the 1970s because meanwhile the postwar dream of a poverty-free prosperous life was violently shaken by it. (Blokker 61-67) One more thing that quivered the postwar socioeconomic contexts in the countries is the introduction of Cold War. Indeed, the origin of the Cold War lies in rising conflict between capitalism and communism in the 1970s. Though communism as a state power was born about 30 years before the Second World War, in the postwar period it sought more space as a socio-political movement in a global environment, as Capitalism emerged a reinstated force in response to the global economic depression in the 1960s. (Klamer 37) According to Klamer, in the context of economic depression the disillusionment demanded some economic and political reforms both nationally and internationally throughout the 1980s and consequently, the capitalist trends came into conflict with communism while, both sectors focused their attention on accumulating military power and warring capability by investing
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The Counter Culture and Social Revolution of the 1960s The 1960s had been a great part in the development of the society and culture of today as many events had happened in that decade. People come into knowing regarding several issues that had impacted the lives of many around the world.
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Due to the Cold War, international politics changed which resulted in a change in relations among the countries. Foreign policies were changed by many countries during the Cold War era and all these factors had a great influence on the overall global climate.
Germany was a weak state after the end of World War Two, while France and Britain were devastated. There was a struggle between democratic principles and communism. As a result, there was the development of the iron curtain policy that led to the rise of West Germany in 1949 under the alliance of French, Britain, and America.
The cold war witnessed ideological and geo-territorial struggles between the United States and the Soviet Union, which contributed to stability and peace in Africa because of their political and economic presence in the continent. The absence of ideological and geo-territorial struggles between major powers in the African continent brought to fore major socioeconomic and political problems, which have sparked many civil conflicts2.
His study is derived from primary sources from Chinese Archives supplying new info and study of the country's leader Mao Zedong's actions in the Cold War era and also including present studies on Chinese security concerns (like Andrew J. Nathan and Robert S.
The intensive ideological differences between the United States and the USSR were problematic. In the year, 1945, the first atomic bomb was created in the United States. The objective of creating this weapon of mass
The end of the Cold War resulted in the world structure to shift from multipolar and bipolar to unipolar which also caused in statbilities in Third World Nations through withdrawal and disengagement of superpowers, ethnic issues and