This essay seeks to examine the impacts of globalisation on the nature of work in the modern world. With many people across the world embracing globalisation, the manner of doing work has witnessed notable changes…
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Globalisation refers to spread as well as connectedness of communication, technologies, and production across the world. This spread has encompassed the interplay of cultural and economic activities. Some people argue that globalisation entails the efforts of World Bank and international Monetary Fund to create a global market, which will ensure the free flow of goods and services. Because of globalisation, the interdependence and connectivity of the world’s businesses and markets has become a reality. In the last two decades, globalisation has witnessed a dramatic alteration, with advances in technology making it possible for people conduct international business, communicate, and travel. Some scholars argue that the principal driving forces of globalisation in the recent past include the rise of the internet, as well as the massive advancements in telecommunications. This has seen the alternation and numerous changes in the nature of work (Morgan 2001, p. 33). This essay supports the argument that globalisation has indeed brought many changes in the nature of work. In the first part of the essay, the impact of globalisation on the nature of work at the macro level and the broad context will be analyzed. In the second part, the essay will discuss how globalisation has affected the nature of work through communication and transport. Thirdly, the essay will look into the impacts of globalisation on the nature of work in terms of employment, trade unions, as well as traditional industries. Further, the essay will focus on the impacts of globalisation on human resources, working conditions in developing countries, and the impacts on human work. The impact of globalisation on the Macro level One of the changes brought about by globalisation in the nature of work includes the impact of globalisation at the macro level. In the global context, the intensification of social relations across the world has linked distant localities. As a result, the local events borrow much from the events taking place worldwide. At the macro level, the arena of work has witnessed numerous changes as a result of globalisation. Globalisation has interlinked the world economy; this has had impacts on the mobility of labour and capital. With globalisation, it has become possible to move capital from one place to another. Likewise, globalisation has affected the mobility of labour across the world. This has led to the emergence of new jobs in places where they never existed. In addition, the movement of capital has led to the introduction of new industries, which have changed the work done in such places (Morgan 2001, p. 35). Another change of globalisation on the nature of work is that it has led to changes in the global exchanges, especially in the arena of financial exchanges and world trade. This has resulted to the acceleration in the liberalisation and deregulation of trade, which has been aided by transfers of capital and currency exchange. International trade has opened up the market to market forces; this has seen the reduction in tariffs, control of exports and imports, as well as other means of protection. Consequently, this has affected the nature of work done by the people across the world. States have also weakened their regulations, leading to an increase in market competition. As a result, traders have had the opportunity to change the nature of work since they can deal in goods, which their countries do not produce (Morgan 2001, p. 36). Globalisation has also altered the nature of work with the rise in the number of multinational corporations acting worldwide. With little reference to national boundaries, multinational corporations have organized themselves. As such, they have designed
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Globalisation Name Institution Globalisation Introduction Currently, a large number of businesses are expanding internationally to fit into the global economy. Global economy refers to merging of markets from different countries to form an international market.
1-2). Having explored the economic, social, political and environmental implications of such transformations, many scholars propose the existence of an international system of governance, underpinned by key institutions, which works, successfully or otherwise, towards the regulation of human affairs.
Introduction to Globalization The concept of globalization is no longer new. It has been completely understood and discussed by theorists, researchers, practitioners, educators etc. Regardless of the popularity given to this concept a number of areas are still left to be explored about globalization.
The developments of new technology, cross-border tourism, and labour mobility have been the drivers of global consumer culture (Merz, He & Alden, 2008). However, opinions differ on the impact of change and the extent of change. While globalisation and cultural practices have a reciprocal relationship (Tomlinson, 1999) opinions differ on the extent to which cultural homogenization has taken place.
According to the report the developing countries seem to be receiving more disadvantages of globalisation than the developed ones, and this is expected to continue. In developing countries, globalisation has caused a number of issues such as affecting employment. Globalisation triggers the reduction of jobs through technological automation in manufacturing firms.
Moreover, globalisation is considered as being in the dominance, changing economic, cultural and social surroundings so far regardless of its elemental effects, globalisation as a phenomenon remains mainly tolerant.
According to Giddens (1990:64), the concept can be defined as 'the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa'.
Given the controversial and contemporaneous nature of the phenomenon, it is hardly surprising that countless books and articles have been published on globalisation. Of these, two shall be analysed and critiqued for the purpose of identifying each of the author's positions on globalisation and the state, on the one hand, and the effect of globalisation on international relations, on the other.
ew product through lifestyle magazine is now taken over by the new ‘two way’ method of communication that includes advertisements as well as feedback from the customers (Okonkwo, U. 2007 p.144).
Fashion journalists are keen on publishing what is happening in London and
Hence, Perrons argued that “in general, the new economy is characterised by globalisation and the increasing use of communication and information technologies, but also deregulation, polarisation and feminisation of employment and new, more flexible patterns and hours
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