EU-China relationship, over the last thirty years, has developed steadily, since the establishment of formal relations between EU and China in 1975. The formal relations were facilitated by the US recognition of Beijing diplomatically in 1972. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "Evolution of the relationship between the EU and China"
Download file to see previous pages
Sino-European relations, during the era of the Cold War, were generally derivative of the imperatives of the cold war as well as the broader associations with the superpowers. Because of the ideological and political constraints of this era, the development of commercial and economic relations took the precedence (UN 7). On April 3, 1978, a trade agreement was signed between China and the European Community (EC). This agreement was extended in 1985 to a wider Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA). China got the status of Most Favored Nation (MFN) from the EC and embraced Beijing in the GSP (Generalized System of Preferences) provisions from 1980 (Stepan & Ostermann 20).
These European Union-China relations, in the past few years, have been growing gradually. Since 2004, the People’s Republic of China has become EU’s second largest trading partner, with the Chinese customs claiming that EU is the biggest trading partner of China. An annual summit between the EU and China’s state/government heads is held, since 1998, to discuss the bilateral and global issues. Moreover, since October 2003, China and EU have recognized each other as effective ‘strategic partners’. The idea that the relations between China and EU have acquired a fresh strategic significance and gained momentum remains fundamental to their strategic partnership (Pastor & Gosset 1). According to the European Union External Service Action, the two sides commenced their relationship in 1975 and the 1985’s Trade and Cooperation Agreement came into force to govern their relationship (Para 1). EU remains the largest trading partner of China, while China is its leading supplier of imports and the second biggest 2-way trading partner (European Union External Service Action Para 2). Therefore, EU and China have had bilateral relationship since 1975. The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolution of the relations between them with the main objective being examining the development of their relationship since 1975 by looking at various aspects of their association. The two sides hold annual summits as well as frequent trade, economic, and political dialogues, including more that 50 sectoral agreements and dialogues, which range from industrial policy to environmental protection, culture or education. Human rights are regularly discussed as a part of the regular political dialogue and during specific dialogues on human rights, held twice a year since 1995. This paper will also clarify that EU and China are allies but not competitors. Events (Economic and Political) Dictating their Relationship and the Key EU Policies The relations between China and the EU have faced some hardships since 2005 with some scholars expressing their deep
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Relationship between mythology and earthly authority.
Myths have proved to be a rich ground that anthropology researcher can utilize to understand cultures of different people. Understanding different culture is essential to anthropology scholars in their studies about human origin and developments.
Since this time, MDMA has attracted a great deal of research with respect to the longterm effects that use and overuse of this particular drug has upon the individual. A great majority of this research has been concentric upon the after-effects of use and overuse with regards to the side effect of depression that often ensues following heavy MDMA usage.
Prior to Darwin, though some naturalists had speculated about modification of species, they failed to explain why and how species change. They also believed that evolution began with special creation of only a fixed number of species. Partially influenced by Thomas Malthus' essay on the Principle of Population and stimulated by a letter from Alfred Russell Wallace, Charles Darwin in 1859 discussed the evolution of species through natural selection in his famous work titled On the Origin of Species, which entirely revolutionized the earlier concepts of evolutionary biology.
Consumers are referred to someone who buys a commodity. In the similar sense, the patient visualizes himself as a consumer who purchases health services. It is for the reason that the patient has certain rights; the quality of health care delivered is always a matter of concern (Prakash, 2010).
The paper describes the International Relations between EU and Ukraine during 2012-2014 within conclusion of Association Agreement by EU and Ukraine. The Ukraine political system which does not encourage democracy might also have been a hindering factor to the good relationship between the EU and Ukraine.
Health status is a compound term as it covers and entails various aspects of an individual’s health and wellbeing. When a person talks of health status they address such factors as the presence of any sicknesses or ailments in the body of the individual, as well as the
The author states that without mathematics, engineers, programmers, architects and other technology oriented professionals will not be able to formulate the basic algorithm in creating technology nor will they be able to build any structure that will facilitate technology and it follows that a given country will not have anything to engage in trade.