Nobody downloaded yet

The Treaty of Westphalia present new diplomacy in Europe - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction Peace of Westphalia was reached in the year 1648 marking the end of thirty year old war. Parties to the treaty included the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, German princes, Spain, France, Sweden and Dutch delegation (Guthrie, 2003)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
The Treaty of Westphalia present new diplomacy in Europe
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Treaty of Westphalia present new diplomacy in Europe"

Download file to see previous pages However, this assertion has been frequently been under attack from revisionists and politicians. The former questions the importance of the Peace while the latter criticizing the system adopted by Westphalia sovereign states. Every nation, however small, had equal representation in the General Assembly of the United Nation with each having one vote. Membership of the United Nation grew from 50 since its inception to 192 at the start of twentieth century. Some of the members were former colonies of the founders of the United Nation thus serving their interest instead of the aspirations of their people (Darby, 2001). Discussion Desire for self-determination by most of the states took center stage in the post colonization such that other important issues such as confederacy were shelved. Westphalia marked the end of monarchs’ view that states were their property and also ensured that the sovereignty of other states was observed. Imperialism did not end even after the treaty since most of the European countries administered one rule to their people but to the countries outside Europe they administered different forms of administration. Countries that believe in equal sharing of natural resources view Westphalia state as an hindrance; there is no country which is determined to act unless on their personal interest and most of them are not ready to give power to any outsider for they believe that this could threaten their sovereignty (Nye, 2000). Due to the large number of participants with various conflicting interests, it is difficult to determine a specific pattern of negotiation; however the fundamental aims of the participants can be narrowed. The major aim of the emperor was complete and final conclusion of peace process for he desperately needed religious and territorial settlements. Mazarin’s desire for ultimate peace ended when Spain terminated their negotiation in1646. Spain wanted to reach to an agreement with the Dutch and continue the war (Darby, 2001). According to the Germans, the French preferred destruction of the Emperor’s influence through installation of imperial institutions. This had many setbacks because most of these Emperors preferred Holy Roman Empire and an appetite for emperor who did not pay allegiance to the French and Sweden. Count Maximilian Von Trauttsmannsdorf did not have any problem in restating these demands to the French. France wanted parts of the Alsace, and Lorraine, but they were modest since France was determined to acquire Spanish territory (Waltz, 1979). Mazarin broke a deal in 1646 with the emperor to have Habsburg domains in Alsace for 1.2 million thalers. Due to Queen Christina’s desire for immediate settlement, the Swedes were ready for a compromise with her. However the French were concerned about Sweden becoming powerful. Mazarin constructed Brandenburg to back up Swedish power on the February of 1647 and the envoy to Sweden was urged to partition Pomerania. Due to tension between the allies Trauttmannsdorf seized the opportunity to exploit them in many ways. In Habsburg, especially in Bohemian, Sweden expected religious compromise. When the emperor learned that the French had no sympathy for the Swedish Protestants he resisted any attempt to enforce these demands. In light of religion, issues pertaining to territory and allegiance were adequately dealt with in Peace of Prague and at the Diet of Regensburg; however status of Calvinism and secularized areas remained ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Treaty of Westphalia present new diplomacy in Europe Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1398054-the-treaty-of-westphalia-present-new-diplomacy-in
(The Treaty of Westphalia Present New Diplomacy in Europe Essay)
“The Treaty of Westphalia Present New Diplomacy in Europe Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1398054-the-treaty-of-westphalia-present-new-diplomacy-in.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
How is International Law Enforced
The establishment of the International Court of Justice and recently, the International Criminal Court, is an embodiment of this aspiration. Nonetheless, the mere existence of just and fair rules imposed in the international realm and the establishment of permanent courts to oversee the resolution of conflicts does not automatically guarantee that peace and order will reign.
30 Pages(7500 words)Thesis
How Governments Work
The most basic purpose of the majority of most governments throughout the world is to protect its citizens. The ways in which government leaders provide this protection can vary. Many world leaders are governed by written and unwritten constitutions in order to help them ensure this protection keep order in society and legitimize government authority.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Is European foreign policy workable
Even technology-oriented civilizations of the Far East, such as India, China and Japan were seen as underdeveloped comparing to European civilization, and were always identified as static. For a number of European writers of this period, the European history became paradigmatic for the rest of the world society.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
The League of Nations
The Covenant of the League of Nations was incorporated in the Treaty of Versailles on the insistence of President Woodrow Wilson, who tabled the Covenant at the Conference. The League of Nations brought a ray of hope to the war-weary nations of the world.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
How Did the New Diplomacy of 1919 Differ From the Old
The work will be designed in the following way: first of all it will be necessary to outline the main principles of the old diplomacy, and to closely consider, how it worked in different states; it is then important to discuss the Fourteen points of Woodrow Wilson – this discussion is relevant to understand, whether his Fourteen points were the first step towards the ‘new’ diplomacy or just the act against the spreading of communist ideology across Europe.
17 Pages(4250 words)Essay
Nowadays it has become obvious that there is some vacuum in existent international relations. Today we face some serious disagreements with respect to the question what kind of world order should be established in the twenty first century. The arriving of new age has left us a handle to give thought to the future of international relations and the role of world diplomacy in their evolution.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Explain why the nineteenth century saw the development of multilateral diplomacy in Europe
nd common ethical code, and the emergence first in Italy and then elsewhere in Europe of politics whose rulers were indebted to no superior political institutions. Meanwhile diplomacy helped fashion a pattern of international behaviour and law which formed the basis of the new
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
In both the cases, the attempt was failed miserably at the end. Napoleon was defeated in the Waterloo battle and central powers suffered humiliating defeat in World War 1. Both the Vienna Congress and the Versailles peace
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Why did Woodrow Wilson criticise the 'old diplomacy' What were the main ingredients of the 'new diplomacy' that emerged after the First World War
Diplomats, ambassadors, high commissioners, consulates, consulate generals, senior government officials, and individuals take place in the dialogue and negotiations on international relations. Diplomatic information is secretive
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
To What Degree May We Argue That The Essential Elements of Contemporary Diplomacy Were Present in Ancient Times
The term diplomacy in the broader perspective refers to the art of practicing or conducting negotiations between the councils of states. Diplomatic relations are usually internationally based hence are usually conducted in order to yield an international relations through
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Treaty of Westphalia present new diplomacy in Europe for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us